美国宇航局用稀薄的空气制造食物的想法刚刚成为现实ーー它可以养活数十亿人

2020年2月3日13:08:17 1 937 4760字阅读15分52秒
摘要

你不可能凭空做出食物来(难道是提到的复制机?)。事实证明你可以。来自芬兰的太阳能食品公司计划将一种新型蛋白质粉推向市场,这种粉末叫做 Solein,由二氧化碳、水和电制成。

Here's why you might eat greenhouse gases in the future.

这就是为什么你在未来可能会摄入温室气体

ROBBY BERMAN 罗比·伯曼

2019 2019719


    The company's protein powder,"Solein,"is similar in form and taste to wheat flour.

该公司的蛋白粉,"比目鱼蛋白",是类似的形式和口味小麦面粉

    Based on a concept developed by NASA,the product has wide potential as a carbon-neutral source of protein.

该产品基于美国宇航局开发的概念,作为一种碳中性蛋白质来源具有广阔的潜力

    The man-made"meat"industry just got even more interesting.

人造"肉类"行业变得更加有趣了

It's not like you can make food out of thin air.Well…it turns out you can.A company from Finland,Solar Foods,is planning to bring to market a new protein powder,Solein,made out of CO₂,water and electricity.It's a high-protein,flour-like ingredient that contains 50 percent protein content,5–10 percent fat,and 20–25 percent carbs.It reportedly looks and tastes like wheat flour,and could become an ingredient in a wide variety of food products after its initial launch in 2021.

你不可能凭空做出食物来(难道是提到的复制机?)。事实证明你可以。来自芬兰的太阳能食品公司计划将一种新型蛋白质粉推向市场,这种粉末叫做 Solein,由二氧化碳、水和电制成。它是一种高蛋白类面粉成分,含有50%的蛋白质,5-10%的脂肪和20-25%的碳水化合物。据报道,它看起来和尝起来都像小麦面粉,自2021年首次推出以来,它可能成为多种食品的一种配料。

It's likely to first appear on grocery shelves in protein shakes and yogurt.It could be an exciting development:Solein's manufacturing process is carbon neutral and the potential for scalability seems unlimited—we've got too much CO₂,if anything.Why not get rid of some greenhouse gas with a side of fries?

它很可能首次出现在食品杂货店的货架上,出售蛋白质奶昔和酸奶。这可能是一个令人兴奋的发展:Solein 的制造过程是碳中性的,而且可扩展性的潜力似乎是无限的ーー如果有什么不同的话,那就是我们的二氧化碳太多了。为什么不在炸薯条的同时去除一些温室气体呢?

Seriously sustainable

真的可持续发展


图片来源:Solar Foods

Solar Foods makes Solein by extracting CO₂from air using carbon-capture technology,and then combines it with water,nutrients and vitamins,using 100 percent renewable solar energy from partner Fortum to promote a natural fermentation process similar to the one that produces yeast and lactic acid bacteria.

Solar Foods 利用碳捕捉技术从空气中提取二氧化碳,然后与水、营养物质和维生素结合,利用合作伙伴 Fortum 公司100%可再生的太阳能促进自然发酵过程,类似于产生酵母和乳酸菌的过程。

When the company claims its single-celled protein is"free from agricultural limitations,"they're not kidding.Being produced indoors means Solar Foods is not dependent on arable land,water(i.e.,rain),or favorable weather.

当该公司宣称其单细胞蛋白质"不受农业限制"时,他们不是在开玩笑。室内生产意味着太阳能食品不依赖于耕地、水(即雨水)或良好的天气。

The company is already working with the European Space Agency to develop foods for off-planet production and consumption.(The idea for Solein actually began at NASA.)They also see potential in bringing protein production to areas whose climate or ground conditions make conventional agriculture impossible.

该公司已经与欧洲航天局合作,开发用于星球外生产和消费的食品。(设计 Solein 的想法实际上始于美国宇航局。)他们还看到了将蛋白质生产带到气候或地面条件使传统农业无法进行的地区的潜力。

And let's not forget all those beef-free burgers based on pea and soy proteins currently gaining popularity.The environmental challenge of scaling up the supply of those plants to meet their high demand may provide an opening for the completely renewable Solein—the company could provide companies that produce animal-free"meats,"such as Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods,a way to further reduce their environmental impact.

让我们不要忘记那些不含牛肉的汉堡,它们的原料是豌豆和大豆蛋白,目前正在流行。扩大这些工厂的供应以满足其高需求的环境挑战,可能为完全可再生的太阳能提供了一个机会。该公司可以为 Beyond Meat Impossible Foods 等生产无动物"肉类"的公司提供一种进一步减少对环境影响的方法。

The larger promise

更大的希望


图片来源:Solar Foods

The impact of the beef—and for that matter,poultry,pork,and fish—industries on our planet is widely recognized as one of the main drivers behind climate change,pollution,habitat loss,and antibiotic-resistant illness.From the cutting down of rainforests for cattle-grazing land,to runoff from factory farming of livestock and plants,to the disruption of the marine food chain,to the overuse of antibiotics in food animals,it's been disastrous.

人们普遍认为,我们这个星球上的牛肉行业——以及家禽、猪肉和鱼类行业——的影响是气候变化、污染、栖息地丧失和抗生素耐药性疾病背后的主要驱动因素之一。从为了放牧而砍伐雨林,到牲畜和植物的工厂化养殖,到海洋食物链的破坏,到抗生素在食用动物身上的过度使用,这些都是灾难性的。

The advent of a promising source of protein derived from two of the most renewable things we have,CO₂and sunlight,gets us out of the planet-destruction business at the same time as it offers the promise of a stable,long-term solution to one of the world's most fundamental nutritional needs.

从二氧化碳和阳光这两种最具可再生性的物质中提取蛋白质是一种很有前途的来源,它的出现使我们摆脱了破坏地球的行为,同时也为解决世界上最基本的营养需求之一提供了一个稳定、长期的解决方案。

Solar Foods'timetable

太阳能食品公司的时间表

Image source:Lubsan/Shutterstock/Big Think

While company plans are always moderated by unforeseen events—including the availability of sufficient funding—Solar Foods plans a global commercial rollout for Solein in 2021 and to be producing two million meals annually,with a revenue of$800 million to$1.2 billion by 2023.By 2050,they hope to be providing sustenance to 9 billion people as part of a$500 billion protein market.

虽然公司的计划总是受到一些不可预见的事件的影响,包括资金的充裕程度,但 Solar Foods 计划在2021年为 Solein 进行全球商业推广,每年生产200万份膳食,到2023年收入将达到8亿至12亿美元。到2050年,他们希望作为5000亿美元蛋白质市场的一部分,为90亿人提供食物。

The project began in 2018,and this year,they anticipate achieving three things:Launching Solein(check),beginning the approval process certifying its safety as a Novel Food in the EU,and publishing plans for a 1,000-metric ton-per-year factory capable of producing 500 million meals annually.

该项目始于2018年,今年,他们预计将实现三个目标:启动 Solein(检查),开始审批程序,确认其在欧盟的安全性为新奇食品,以及出版计划,建立一个年产1000吨的工厂,每年可生产5亿份膳食。

来源:

https://bigthink.com/technology-innovation/protein-from-air?rebelltitem=4#rebelltitem4

  • 本文由 发表于 2020年2月3日13:08:17
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    • avatar 喵喵喵 2

      振动与频率,复制机