特朗普推动美国建立“太空部队”,美国太空司令部正式启动

2019年8月31日13:23:14特朗普推动美国建立“太空部队”,美国太空司令部正式启动已关闭评论 4834070字阅读13分34秒
摘要

特朗普总统周四宣布成立美国太空司令部(u.s.Space Command),这是军方官员正在努力建立拟议中的第六支军队——太空部队(Space Force)——的关键一步。

特朗普推动美国建立“太空部队”,美国太空司令部正式启动

President Trump said Space Command will pave the way for a new era of national defense.

特朗普总统表示,太空司令部将为国防的新时代铺平道路。

President Trump announced the creation of U.S.Space Command on Thursday,a key step as military officials work to establish a proposed sixth branch of the military known as the Space Force.

特朗普总统周四宣布成立美国太空司令部(u.s.Space Command),这是军方官员正在努力建立拟议中的第六支军队——太空部队(Space Force)——的关键一步。

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U.S.Air Force Gen.John Raymond will serve as the first head of Space Command(SPACECOM).At launch,Raymond will lead 87 active units handling operations such as missile warning,satellite surveillance,space control and space support,Gen.Joseph Dunford said at a meeting of the National Space Council earlier this month.

美国空军上将约翰·雷蒙德将担任空间司令部(SPACECOM)的首任司令。本月早些时候,约瑟夫·邓福德将军在国家航天委员会的一次会议上表示,在发射时,雷蒙德将领导87个现役部队执行导弹预警、卫星监视、空间控制和空间支持等任务。

"As the newest combatant command,SPACECOM will protect U.S.vital interests in space,the next warfighting domain.I think that's pretty obvious to everybody,it's all about space,"Trump said at a press conference in the Rose Garden,adding that Raymond is"highly respected"in military circles.

"作为最新的作战指挥部,SPACECOM 将保护美国在太空的关键利益,太空是下一个作战领域。特朗普在玫瑰园的新闻发布会上说,我认为这对每个人来说都很明显,一切都与空间有关。他还补充说,雷蒙德在军界"备受尊敬"

The establishment of U.S.Space Command is seen as a precursor to a fully-fledged Space Force,which does require Congressional approval.The House Armed Services Committee has introduced an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act proposing a separate space organization in the Defense Department.However,Committee Chairman Rep.Adam Smith(D-Wash.)suggested the committee might call the new entity the Space Corps,rather than Space Force.

美国太空司令部的成立被认为是一支完全成熟的太空部队的前身,这确实需要国会的批准。众议院军事委员会对国防授权法案提出了一项修正案,提议在国防部设立一个单独的空间组织。然而,委员会主席代表亚当史密斯(D-Wash.)建议委员会可能称这个新实体为空间军团,而不是空间部队。

The Senate Armed Services Committee approved the establishment of the Space Force in its defense authorization bill in May.Senate Armed Services Committee Chairman Jim Inhofe,(R-Okla).,said in a statement,"We know space is a warfighting domain,so we are setting up the U.S.Space Force with the Air Force.Our strategy will set the Space Force up for success now and in the future by minimizing bureaucracy."

年月,参议院军事委员会在其国防授权法案中批准建立太空部队。参议院军事委员会主席吉姆·英霍夫(R-Okla)。,在一份声明中说,"我们知道太空是一个战争领域,所以我们正在与空军建立美国太空部队。我们的战略将通过减少官僚作风,为太空部队现在和未来的成功奠定基础。"

President Trump formally directed the Pentagon to create a sixth military branch in June 2018,arguing that the establishment of a Space Force was crucial to protecting the country's interests amid pressure from international rivals Russia and China.

20186月,特朗普总统正式指示五角大楼建立第六个军事部门,称在国际竞争对手俄罗斯和中国的压力下,建立太空部队对于保护国家利益至关重要。

Trump reiterated plans to move forward with the creation of Space Force on Thursday.

周四,特朗普重申了成立太空部队的计划。

"The Space Force will organize,train and equip warriors to support SPACECOM's mission,"Trump added.

"太空部队将组织、训练和装备战士,以支持 SPACECOM 的任务,"特朗普补充说。

The U.S.Space Command will launch next week,Vice President Pence said.The command is separate from Trump's'Space Force'plan

 

特朗普推动美国建立“太空部队”,美国太空司令部正式启动

The Congressional Budget Office said last May that a Space Force could add$1 billion to$2 billion per year to the Pentagon's annual budget,as well as up to nearly$5 billion in initial costs.

美国国会预算办公室去年5月表示,太空部队每年可能给五角大楼的年度预算增加10亿至20亿美元,以及近50亿美元的初始成本。

The initiative has faced some pushback,with some military officials,including Air Force Secretary Heather Wilson,warning that a Space Force would be costly and complicated to launch.In a Sept.14 memo,Wilson estimated that a Space Force would cost roughly$13 billion over its first five years.

这项计划面临一些阻力,包括空军部长希瑟·威尔逊在内的一些军方官员警告说,太空部队的发射成本高昂,而且复杂。在914日的一份备忘录中,威尔逊估计一支太空部队在前五年将花费大约130亿美元。

Trump has suggested the Space Force would play a critical role in efforts to revitalize NASA and U.S space exploration efforts.In June 2018,the president called on"rich guys"in the private sector,including SpaceX founder Elon Musk and Blue Origin founder Jeff Bezos,to join in on a new space race.

特朗普表示,太空部队将在重振美国航天局和美国太空探索努力中发挥关键作用。20186月,总统号召私营部门的"富人们",包括 SpaceX 公司的创始人埃隆·马斯克和蓝色起源公司的创始人杰夫·贝佐斯,加入一场新的太空竞赛。

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"You know,I've always said that rich guys seem to like rockets,"Trump said at the time."So all of those rich guys that are dying for our real estate to launch their rockets,we won't charge you too much,just go ahead.If you beat us to Mars,we'll be very happy and you'll be even more famous."

"你知道,我总是说有钱人似乎喜欢火箭,"特朗普当时说。"所以,所有那些迫切希望我们的房地产能够发射火箭的富人,我们不会收取太高的费用,只管去做就是了。如果你们比我们先到火星,我们会很高兴,你们甚至会更出名。"

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  • 本文由 发表于 2019年8月31日13:23:14
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