萨拉博士|2020/11/11 太空部队设置优先级,以防止未来的太空战争和维持美国的主导地位

2020年11月13日18:35:29萨拉博士|2020/11/11 太空部队设置优先级,以防止未来的太空战争和维持美国的主导地位已关闭评论 80212993字阅读43分18秒
摘要

11月9日,美国太空部队空间行动主管杰伊·雷蒙德将军发布了一份基本文件,概述了美国新军事服务的优先事项和管理实践,以保持在太空领先于其主要对手。

萨拉博士|2020/11/11 太空部队设置优先级,以防止未来的太空战争和维持美国的主导地位

WRITTEN BY DR MICHAEL SALLA ON NOVEMBER 11,2020.POSTED IN FEATURED,SPACE PROGRAMS

作者:MICHAEL SALLA 博士20201111日发表于《太空计划》专题栏目

On November 9,General Jay Raymond,the U.S.Space Force's Chief of Space Operations,released a foundational document outlining the new military service's priorities and management practices for the U.S.to remain ahead of its major adversaries in space.The 12-page document,"Chief of Space Operations Planning Guidance"(CPG),makes clear that space is now viewed as a"warfighting domain",and that in order for the U.S.to maintain dominance and deter hostile actions,it needs to take immediate action to integrate,equip,train,and organize its military space assets.

119日,美国太空部队空间行动主管杰伊·雷蒙德将军发布了一份基本文件,概述了美国新军事服务的优先事项和管理实践,以保持在太空领先于其主要对手。这份12页的文件《空间作战规划指导》(CPG)明确指出,空间现在被视为"战争领域",为了保持美国的统治地位和威慑敌对行动,美国需要立即采取行动,整合、装备、训练和组织其军事空间资产。

General Raymond warns about the danger posed by major adversaries,such as China and Russia,that have developed sophisticated anti-satellite technologies capable of disrupting or destroying the U.S.satellite grid.Such a possibility was first outlined in a January 11,2001,Space Commission Report,chaired by former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld,warning about a"Space Pearl Harbor"and the need for a new military service to prevent it

雷蒙德将军警告说,主要对手,如中国和俄罗斯,已经开发出能够干扰或摧毁美国卫星网络的尖端反卫星技术,这些对手构成了危险。2001111日,美国前国防部长唐纳德·拉姆斯菲尔德(Donald Rumsfeld)主持的航天委员会报告首次提出了这种可能性,报告警告说,有可能发生"太空珍珠港"事件,需要新的军事服务来防止这种事件发生

General Raymond begins his Planning Guidance document by explaining how space has shifted from a benign security environment to one where warfare can be expected in the near future:

雷蒙德将军在其《规划指导文件》的开头,解释了太空如何从一个良好的安全环境转变为一个可预期在不久的将来会发生战争的环境:

The Space Force has a mandate in national strategy,policy,and law to be both pathfinder and protector of America's interests as a space-faring nation.The convergence of proliferating technology and competitive interests has forever re-defined space from a benign domain to one in which we anticipate all aspects of human endeavor–including warfare.The return of peer,great power competitors has dramatically changed the global security environment and space is central to that change(CPG,p.1).

空间部队在国家战略、政策和法律方面都负有责任,作为一个航天国家,它既是美国利益的开拓者,也是美国利益的保护者。不断扩散的技术和竞争性利益的交汇永远地将空间从一个良性的领域重新定义为我们期待人类努力的所有方面——包括战争——的领域。强大的竞争对手的回归极大地改变了全球的安全环境,而空间是这种改变的核心(CPG,第1)

According to the 1967 Outer Space Treaty,space was considered to be a peaceful domain for scientific exploration.No country was allowed to station military forces or weapons in space,the Moon,or other celestial objects.General Raymond is here acknowledging that recent developments such as Russia and China's deployment of a range of anti-satellite weapons systems mean that space is no longer a benign environment,and that preventative military measures need to be taken.

根据1967年《外层空间条约》,空间被认为是科学探索的和平领域。任何国家都不得在太空、月球或其他天体上部署军事力量或武器。雷蒙德将军在这里承认,最近俄罗斯和中国部署一系列反卫星武器系统等事态发展意味着太空不再是一个良性环境,需要采取预防性军事措施。

视频:https://youtu.be/mqVtkAFBpgY

He goes on to explain how the Space Force can prepare for future warfare in space:

他接着解释了太空部队如何为未来的太空战争做准备:

The United States Space Force is called to organize,train,equip,and present forces capable of preserving America's freedom of action in space;enabling Joint Force lethality and effectiveness;and providing independent options–in,from,and to space…While we will extend and defend America's competitive advantage in peacetime,the ultimate measure of our readiness is the ability to prevail should war initiate in,or extend to space(CPG,p.1).

美国太空部队的使命是组织、训练、装备和现有部队,使其能够维护美国在太空中的行动自由;使联合部队具有杀伤力和有效性;并提供独立的选择——进入、离开和进入太空......虽然我们将在和平时期扩大和捍卫美国的竞争优势,但我们战备状态的最终衡量标准是一旦发生战争或扩展到太空,我们是否能够获胜(CPG,第1)

Deterring major adversaries from launching military hostilities is explained as a key priority in order not to lose U.S.space dominance:

为了不失去美国在太空领域的主导地位,阻止主要对手发动军事行动被解释为首要任务:

America needs a Space Force able to deter conflict,and if deterrence fails,prevail should war initiate in or extend to space.Space capabilities enhance the potency of all other military forces.Our National leadership requires resilient and assured military space capabilities for sustained advantage in peaceful competition,or decisive advantage in conflict or war….

美国需要一支能够威慑冲突的太空部队,如果威慑失败,那么一旦战争在太空发动或者扩展到太空,威慑就会占上风。空间能力增强了所有其他军事力量的力量。我们的国家领导人需要有弹性和有保证的军事空间能力,以便在和平竞争中获得持续优势,或在冲突或战争中获得决定性优势.....

The change in the geo-strategic and operating environment that compelled the creation of the Space Force means that many of our legacy space capabilities must be reevaluated for ongoing relevance.Let me be clear–if we do not adapt to outpace aggressive competitors,we will likely lose our peacetime and warfighting advantage in space(CPG,p.2).

迫使建立空间部队的地理战略和作业环境的变化意味着,必须重新评估我们遗留下来的许多空间能力,以保持其现实意义。让我澄清一下——如果我们不适应超过咄咄逼人的竞争对手,我们可能会失去我们在太空中的和平时期和作战优势(CPG,第2)

China and Russia are both viewed as the primary adversaries capable of militarily destroying the U.S.satellite grid in a future war or in a surprise attack,a Space Pearl Harbor:

中国和俄罗斯都被视为在未来战争或突袭中有能力在军事上摧毁美国卫星网络的主要对手,太空珍珠港:

Chinese and Russian military doctrines indicate they view space as essential to modern warfare,and view counterspace capabilities as potent means to reduce U.S.and allied military effectiveness.Modern Chinese and Russian space surveillance networks are capable of finding,tracking,and characterizing satellites in all earth orbits.Both Russia and China are developing systems using the electro-magnetic spectrum,cyberspace,directed energy,on-orbit capabilities,and ground-based antisatellite missiles to destroy space-based assets(CPG,p.2).

中国和俄罗斯的军事学说表明,他们认为太空对现代战争至关重要,并认为反太空能力是削弱美国及其盟国军事力量的有力手段。现代中国和俄罗斯的空间监视网络能够发现、跟踪和描述所有地球轨道上的卫星。俄罗斯和中国都在开发利用电磁频谱、网络空间、定向能源、在轨能力和地基反卫星导弹摧毁天基资产的系统(CPG,第2)

From the perspective of China's Communist Party leadership,as I explain in Rise of the Red Dragon(2020),China is merely catching up to what the United States(and Russia)had already secretly developed and deployed in space decades earlier.

从天/朝C*CP领导层的角度来看,正如我在《红龙的崛起》(Rise of the Red Dragon2020)中所解释的那样,天/朝仅仅是在追赶几十年前美国(和俄罗斯)已经秘密开发和部署在太空的东西。

Not surprisingly,General Raymond emphasizes developing breakthrough space technologies in dealing with potential military conflict:

毫不奇怪,雷蒙德将军强调发展突破性的空间技术来处理潜在的军事冲突:

Space Force will use strategic investments to cultivate a strong,diverse and competitive American space industrial base.Civil and commercial developments that pave the way for exploration and commercialization beyond near-Earth orbit will both generate technology that benefits the USSF and require an order of magnitude expansion of our ability to sense,communicate and act to protect and defend American interests in cis-lunar space and beyond.(CPG,p.9).

太空部队将利用战略投资来培育一个强大的、多样化的和有竞争力的美国太空工业基地。为近地轨道以外的探索和商业化铺平道路的民用和商业发展,既将产生有利于美国科学基金的技术,也需要我们数量级地扩展我们的感知、沟通和行动的能力,以保护和捍卫美国在顺式月球空间及其以外的利益。(CPGp.9).

General Raymond is here suggesting major aerospace defense contractors such as Lockheed Martin,Northrop Grumman,General Dynamics,Boeing,etc.,will play vital roles in developing breakthrough space technologies that can be used to deter adversaries in space.While development of breakthrough space technologies is framed as a future need,the reality is that such technologies have already been secretly developed by major aerospace companies.The produced technologies have been subsequently sold off to different"customers"such as U.S.military commands,intelligence agencies,and major allies for decades.

雷蒙德将军在这里建议主要的航空航天防御承包商,如洛克希德·马丁公司、诺斯洛普·格鲁门、通用动力、波音等,将在开发突破性的空间技术方面发挥重要作用,这些技术可以用来威慑太空敌人。虽然开发突破性空间技术被视为未来的需要,但现实情况是,主要的航空航天公司已经在秘密开发这类技术。产生的技术随后被出售给不同的"客户",如美国军事指挥部,情报机构和主要盟友几十年。

Extensive testimonial and documentary evidence is presented in my Secret Space Programsbook series showing how the U.S.Air Force and the Navy developed separate secret space programs in response to earlier developments in Nazi Germany that carried over into the post-war era.As a result of decades-long cooperation with major corporations in reverse engineering captured Nazi and alien spacecraft,advanced anti-gravity spacecraft and electromagnetic weapons systems were developed and deployed by different entities within the US national security establishment.

在我的《秘密太空计划》系列丛书中,有大量的证词和文件证据,展示了美国空军和海军是如何针对纳粹德国早期的发展开发了独立的秘密太空计划,这些发展一直延续到战后时期。由于在逆向工程抓获纳粹和外星人航天器方面与主要公司长达数十年的合作,美国国家安全机构内的不同实体开发和部署了先进的反重力航天器和电磁武器系统。

视频:https://youtu.be/KXBETYlUkMI

The critical requirement for gaining access to such breakthrough aerospace technologies by a U.S.military service,combatant command,or intelligence agency was to demonstrate a clear need for such advanced technologies for completing space-related missions.

美国军队、战斗指挥部或情报机构获得这种突破性航空航天技术的关键要求是,证明完成与空间有关的任务明确需要这种先进技术。

As long as space was considered a benign environment,then this favored the acquisition of reverse-engineered technologies by intelligence services or special operations groups that used space for intelligence gathering or small-scale covert operations.The bulk of breakthrough aerospace technologies would consequently go to defense intelligence entities such as the National Reconnaissance Office,CIA,Defense Intelligence Agency,the National Security Agency,and covert groups such as Air Force Special Operations and Special Operations Command.

只要空间被认为是一个良好的环境,这就有利于情报部门或利用空间进行情报收集或小规模秘密行动的特别行动小组获取逆向工程技术。大部分突破性的航空航天技术将被用于国防情报实体,如美国美国国家侦察局情报局、中央情报局、国防情报局、国家安全局,以及秘密组织,如空军特种作战司令部和特种作战司令部。

Even U.S.Space Command(1985-2002)and Air Force Space Command(1982-2019)would be limited in how much access they had to such breakthrough"black world"technologies as acknowledged in a comprehensive 1996 Intelligence Commission report to the US Congress:

甚至美国太空司令部(1985-2002)和空军太空司令部(1982-2019)也将限制他们获得这种突破性的"黑色世界"技术的机会,1996年情报委员会向美国国会提交的一份全面报告中承认:

Two organizations within the Department of Defense manage space assets:the U.S.Space Command(SPACECOM)is responsible for so-called"white world"satellites(i.e.,satellites that are publicly acknowledged)for military programs,and the National Reconnaissance Office(NRO)deals with"black world"(i.e.,classified)satellites for intelligence programs.SPACECOM launches and operates satellites for military communication,weather and navigation,which are designed and procured by the military services.NRO designs,acquires,launches,and operates classified reconnaissance satellites.

美国国防部有两个组织管理空间资产:美国空间司令部(SPACECOM)负责所谓的"白色世界"卫星(即公开承认的卫星)用于军事项目,美国国家侦察局空间局(NRO)负责处理"黑色世界"(即机密的)情报项目卫星。SPACECOM 发射和操作用于军事通信、天气和导航的卫星,这些卫星由军事部门设计和采购。NRO 设计、获取、发射和操作机密侦察卫星。

The Pentagon's Joint Chiefs of Staff and the unified combatant commanders,with the notable exceptions of Special Operations Command and(Air Force)Space Command,were largely denied access.This was because major military space operations were deemed unnecessary due to space being considered a benign environment,and such operations violating international space law.

除了特种作战司令部和空军太空司令部,五角大楼的参谋长联席会议司令部和联合作战指挥官基本上被拒绝进入。这是因为大型军事空间行动被认为是不必要的,因为空间被认为是一个良好的环境,而且这种行动违反了国际空间法。

All that changes with General Raymond's Planning Guidance document,which expands upon President Donald Trump's earlier Space Policy Directive 4 which made space a hostile environment requiring defense of America's space assets.Space is now considered a war fighting domain where large scale military operations may be necessary to protect the U.S.satellite grid.This means that breakthrough corporate technologies that previously were denied to the different military services due to their high-level security classification and international space law constraints,are now permitted either through Space Force(which incorporates the former USAF Space Command)or U.S.Space Command,both of which were respectively created or reconstituted in 2019.

所有这一切都随着雷蒙德将军的《规划指导文件》而改变,该文件扩展了唐纳德·特朗普总统早期的《太空政策指令4》,该指令使太空成为一个敌对的环境,需要保护美国的太空资产。太空现在被认为是一个战争领域,大规模的军事行动可能是必要的,以保护美国的卫星电网。这意味着,先前由于高级别安全分类和国际空间法限制而被拒绝给予不同军种的突破性企业技术,现在可以通过空间部队(包括前美国空军太空司令部空间站)或美国空间司令部获得许可,这两个部门分别于2019年创建或重组。

General Raymond emphasizes the haste with which these advanced technologies should now be incorporated into Space Force and for immediate action to be taken to protect the U.S.satellite grid:

雷蒙德将军强调,这些先进技术现在应该被纳入太空部队,并立即采取行动保护美国卫星网络:

The strategic environment demands we act boldly now to build a Service designed to act with speed and decisiveness to ensure the United States maintains its advantage in the domain….This CPG identifies those characteristics and capabilities within the force that must evolve.We do not have the luxury of delay for further analysis.(CPG,p.9).

战略环境要求我们现在大胆行动,建立一个行动迅速和果断的服务,以确保美国保持其在该领域的优势...这个中央人民政府确定这些特点和能力的部队必须演变。我们没有时间等待进一步的分析。(CPGp.9).

Raymond's thinking is mirrored in recent statements by the Secretary of the U.S.Air Force,Barbara Barret,calling for declassifying many space technologies kept hidden from the general public and even from different elements of the Air Force itself.On December 7,2019,she declared:

雷蒙德的想法反映在美国空军部长芭芭拉·巴雷特最近的声明中,她呼吁解密许多对公众,甚至对空军本身的不同部门隐瞒的空间技术。2019127日,她宣布:

Declassifying some of what is currently held in secure vaults would be a good idea…You would have to be careful about what we declassify,but there is much more classified than what needs to be.

解密目前保存在安全保险库中的一些资料将是一个好主意......对于我们解密的资料,你将不得不小心,但是有比需要解密的资料多得多的机密。

In conclusion,redefining space as a warfighting domain means that formerly highly classified technologies developed by corporations and military laboratories for exclusive use by the intelligence and special operations communities will be acquired by Space Force.These advanced space technologies will be made available for large scale deployment in future space combat operations.

最后,将空间重新定义为作战领域意味着,空间部队将获得以前由公司和军事实验室开发的高度机密技术,专供情报界和特种作战团体使用。这些先进的空间技术将用于未来空间作战行动的大规模部署。

The release of General Raymond's"Planning Guidance"document makes it highly likely that soon after Space Force is fully set up by May 2021(the end of its 18 months set up period),we are likely to witness the official disclosure of multiple highly classified aerospace technologies,including anti-gravity propulsion systems,acquired by Space Force.The release of such advanced technologies will revolutionize the civilian transportation industry and military defense and take our planet into an exciting but dangerous new age.

雷蒙德将军的"规划指导"文件的发布极有可能使空间部队在20215月全面建立之后不久(空间部队18个月建立期的结束),我们很可能看到空间部队获得的多种高度机密的航空航天技术,包括反重力推进系统的正式披露。这些先进技术的发布将彻底改变民用运输工业和军事防御,并将我们的星球带入一个令人兴奋但危险的新时代。

©Michael E.Salla,Ph.D.Copyright Notice

迈克尔·e·萨拉博士版权声明

来源:

https://exopolitics.org/space-force-sets-priorities-to-prevent-future-space-war/

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