孟山都向癌症患者赔偿20亿美元

2019年5月14日09:30:50孟山都向癌症患者赔偿20亿美元已关闭评论 302 7712字阅读25分42秒
摘要

经过不到两天的商议,一个加州陪审团命令孟山都公司向一对夫妇支付超过20亿美元的惩罚性和补偿性赔偿,这对夫妇都患有非霍奇金氏淋巴瘤,他们说是由于多年使用农达产品造成的。

Posted on 发表于May 13,2019 2019513 by 作者Carey Gillam 凯里·吉拉姆

After less than two full days of deliberations,a California jury ordered Monsanto to pay just over$2 billion in punitive and compensatory damages to a married couple who both developed non-Hodgkin lymphoma they say was caused by their many years of using Roundup products.

经过不到两天的商议,一个加州陪审团命令孟山都公司向一对夫妇支付超过20亿美元的惩罚性和补偿性赔偿,这对夫妇都患有非霍奇金氏淋巴瘤,他们说是由于多年使用农达产品造成的。

After listening to 17 days of trial testimony,jurors said Monsanto must pay$1 billion to Alberta Pilliod,who was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma brain cancer in 2015,and another$1 billion to her husband Alva Pilliod,who was diagnosed in 2011 with non-Hodgkin lymphoma that spread from his bones to his pelvis and spine.The couple,who are both in their 70s,started using Roundup in the 1970s and continued using the herbicide until only a few years ago.The jury also awarded the couple a total of$55 million in damages for past and future medical bills and other losses.

在听取了17天的庭审证词后,陪审员们说孟山都必须支付10亿美元给艾伯塔·皮利奥德,她在2015年被诊断出患有非霍奇金氏淋巴瘤脑癌,另外还要支付10亿美元给她的丈夫艾尔瓦·皮利奥德,她的丈夫在2011年被诊断出患有从骨头到骨盆和脊椎的非霍奇金氏淋巴瘤。这对70多岁的夫妇从上世纪70年代开始使用农达除草剂,直到几年前才停止使用这种除草剂。陪审团还判决这对夫妇赔偿过去和未来的医疗费用和其他损失共计5500万美元。

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In ordering punitive damages,the jury had to find that Monsanto"engaged in conduct with malice,oppression or fraud committed by one or more officers,directors or managing agents of Monsanto"who were acting on behalf of the company.

在判决中,陪审团必须认定孟山都公司的一名或多名代表公司行事的官员、董事或管理人员的行为具有恶意、压迫或欺诈惩罚性损害赔偿。

Pilliod v.Monsanto is the third Roundup cancer case to go to trial.And it is the third to conclude that Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides can cause cancer and that Monsanto has long known about–and covered up–the risks.

皮利奥德诉孟山都公司案是第三起草甘膦除草剂农达癌症案件的审判。这是第三个得出孟山都公司生产的草甘膦除草剂会致癌的结论,而且孟山都公司早就知道并掩盖了这些风险。

In March,a unanimous jury in federal court in San Francisco ordered Monsanto to pay roughly$80 million in damages for failing to warn plaintiff Edwin Hardeman of the cancer risks of Roundup herbicide.Last August,jurors in state court in San Francisco ordered Monsanto to pay$289 million  in damages to school groundskeeper Dewayne"Lee"Johnson,who is dying of non-Hodgkin lymphoma the jury found was caused by his exposure to Monsanto's glyphosate herbicides.The judge in that case lowered the total verdict to$78 million and the verdict is now on appeal.

今年3月,旧金山联邦法院的陪审团一致裁定孟山都公司支付约8000万美元的赔偿金,因为孟山都公司未能就农达除草剂的致癌风险向原告埃德温·哈德曼发出警告。去年8月,旧金山州法院的陪审员要求孟山都支付2.89亿美元给学校园丁 Dewayne"Lee"Johnson,他因接触孟山都的草甘膦除草剂而死于非霍奇金氏淋巴瘤。该案的法官将判决总金额降至7800万美元,现在该判决正在上诉中。

Both Johnson and Hardeman attended closing arguments in the Pilliod trial.

约翰逊和哈德曼都出席了 Pilliod 审判的结案陈词。

The Pilliod verdict is expected to only further erode the market value of Bayer AG,which purchased Monsanto last summer for$63 billion.Shares have dropped more than 40 percent since the Aug.10 Johnson verdict was handed down.

皮利奥德的判决预计只会进一步侵蚀拜耳公司的市场价值,拜耳公司去年夏天以630亿美元收购了孟山都公司。自810日约翰逊的判决下达以来,股价已经下跌了40%以上。

More than 13,000 plaintiffs have filed similar lawsuits against Monsanto,alleging the company's herbicides cause non-Hodgkin lymphoma and the company has hidden the risks.

超过13,000名原告对孟山都提起了类似的诉讼,声称该公司的除草剂导致了非霍奇金氏淋巴瘤,而且该公司隐藏了风险。

Evidence laid out in the three trials included numerous scientific studies that showed what plaintiffs'attorneys said was proof Monsanto's herbicides can cause non-Hodgkin lymphoma.As well,the attorneys presented jurors with many internal Monsanto communications obtained through court-ordered discovery that show Monsanto has intentionally manipulated the public record to hide the cancer risks.

3次审判中提出的证据包括大量的科学研究,这些研究表明原告律师所说的证据证明孟山都的除草剂可以导致非霍奇金氏淋巴瘤。此外,这些律师还向陪审员提供了许多孟山都公司的内部信息,这些信息是通过法院命令的发现获得的,表明孟山都公司有意篡改公共记录,以隐瞒患癌症的风险。

Among the many revelations that have emerged from the trials:

在审判中出现的诸多启示中:

*Monsanto never conducted epidemiology studies for Roundup and its other formulations made with the active ingredient glyphosate to evaluate the cancer risks for users.

孟山都公司从未对农达及其与原料药草甘膦配制的其他配方进行流行病学研究,以评估使用者的癌症风险。

*Monsanto was aware that the surfactants in Roundup were much more toxic than glyphosate alone.

*孟山都知道农达中的表面活性剂比单独使用草甘膦的毒性要大得多。

*Monsanto spent millions of dollars on covert public relations campaigns to finance ghostwritten studies and articles aimed at discrediting independent scientists whose work found dangers with Monsanto's herbicides.

*孟山都花费数百万美元进行秘密公关活动,资助代笔研究和文章,旨在诋毁那些发现孟山都除草剂危害的独立科学家。

*When the US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry sought to evaluate glyphosate toxicity in 2015,Monsanto engaged the assistance of EPA officials to delay that review.

*当美国有毒物质和疾病登记局在2015年寻求评估草甘膦的毒性时,孟山都请求环保局官员协助推迟审查。

*Monsanto enjoyed a close relationship with certain officials within the Environmental Protection Agency(EPA),who have repeatedly backed Monsanto's assertions about the safety of its glyphosate products.

*孟山都与美国环境保护局(EPA)的某些官员关系密切,这些官员多次支持孟山都关于其草甘膦产品安全性的主张。

*The company internally had worker safety recommendations that called for wearing a full range of protective gear when applying glyphosate herbicides,but did not warn the public to do the same.

*该公司内部有工人安全建议,要求在使用草甘膦除草剂时穿戴全套保护装备,但没有警告公众也这样做。

Pilliod attorney Brent Wisner suggested to jurors in his closing arguments that they consider punitive damages in the range of$1 billion to send a message to Monsanto and Bayer about the need to change the company's practices.

皮利奥德的律师布伦特·威斯纳在结案陈词中建议陪审员考虑10亿美元的惩罚性损害赔偿,以便向孟山都和拜耳传递一个信息,即需要改变公司的做法。

"The jury saw for themselves internal company documents demonstrating that,from day one,Monsanto has never had any interest in finding out whether Roundup is safe,"Wisner said following the verdict."Instead of investing in sound science,they invested millions in attacking science that threatened their business agenda."

"陪审团亲眼看到了公司内部文件,证明从一开始,孟山都就没有兴趣查明农达是否安全,"维斯纳在判决后说。"他们没有投资于健全的科学,而是投资数百万美元攻击威胁到他们商业议程的科学。"

Michael Miller,who served with Wisner as co-lead trial counsel said:"Unlike the first two Monsanto trials,where the judges severely limited the amount of plaintiffs'evidence,we were finally allowed to show a jury the mountain of evidence showing Monsanto's manipulation of science,the media and regulatory agencies to forward their own agenda despite Roundup's severe harm to the animal kingdom and humankind."

威斯纳律师事务所的联席首席法律顾问迈克尔·米勒(Michael Miller):"在孟山都的前两次审判中,法官严格限制了原告的证据数量,但我们最终获准向陪审团展示大量证据,证明孟山都操纵科学、媒体和监管机构推进自己的议程,尽管朗达对动物王国和人类造成了严重伤害。"

Bayer issued a statement after the verdict saying it would appeal:"Bayer is disappointed with the jury's decision and will appeal the verdict in this case,which conflicts directly with the U.S.Environmental Protection Agency's interim registration review decision released just last month,the consensus among leading health regulators worldwide that glyphosate-based products can be used safely and that glyphosate is not carcinogenic,and the 40 years of extensive scientific research on which their favorable conclusions are based.

在判决之后,拜耳公司发表了一份声明,表示将提起上诉:"拜耳公司对陪审团的裁决感到失望,并将对本案的判决提起上诉,这与美国环境保护局(Environmental Protection Agency)上月公布的中期注册审查决定直接冲突。该决定与全球主要卫生监管机构达成的共识一致,即草甘膦产品可以安全使用,且草甘膦不致癌,而且40年的广泛科学研究为其有利结论提供了依据。

"We have great sympathy for Mr.and Mrs.Pilliod,but the evidence in this case was clear that both have long histories of illnesses known to be substantial risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma(NHL),most NHL has no known cause,and there is not reliable scientific evidence to conclude that glyphosate-based herbicides were the"but for"cause of their illnesses as the jury was required to find in this case."

"我们对皮利奥德夫妇深表同情,但本案的证据清楚地表明,他们都有长期的疾病史,这些疾病被认为是导致非霍奇金淋巴瘤(NHL)的重大风险因素,大多数 NHL 没有已知的病因,而且没有可靠的科学证据得出结论,认为基于草甘膦的除草剂是导致他们患病的"但为"原因,因为陪审团需要在本案中找到这种原因。"

The damage award breaks down as follows:

损害赔偿金细分如下:

Alva Pilliod

阿尔瓦·皮利奥德

Compensatory:

补偿:

Past economic–$47,296.01

过去经济状况-47,296.01

Past non-economic loss–$8 million

过去非经济损失--800万美元

Future non-economic loss–$10 million

未来非经济损失--1000万美元

Punitive damages–$1 billion

惩罚性损害赔偿-10亿美元

Alberta Pilliod

阿尔伯塔·皮利奥德

Compensatory:

补偿:

Past economic–$201,166.76

过去经济状况-201,166.76

Past non-economic–$8 million

过往非经济项目--800万元

Future economic–$2,957,710

未来经济-$2,957,710

Future non-economic–$26 million

未来非经济项目——2600万美元

Punitive damages–$1 billion

惩罚性损害赔偿-10亿美元

TOTAL–$2.055 billion

合计-20.55亿美元

A federal judge has ordered Bayer to start mediation with plaintiffs'attorneys and a hearing is set for next week in San Francisco on that issue.Several more trials are scheduled over the next year in courts around the United States.

一位联邦法官命令拜耳公司开始与原告律师进行调解,下周将在旧金山就此问题举行听证会。明年还将在美国各地的法院进行更多的审判。

来源:https://usrtk.org/monsanto-roundup-trial-tacker/monsanto-ordered-to-pay-2-billion-to-cancer-victims/

 

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