理解春分点的进动

2019年12月1日14:30:24 1 986 41565字阅读138分33秒

EVIDENCE OUR SUN IS PART OF A LONG CYCLE BINARY STAR SYSTEM

证据表明我们的太阳是长周期双星系统的一部分

It all starts with the ILLUSION

一切都从幻觉开始

理解春分点的进动

理解春分点的进动

Precession of the equinox is the observed phenomenon whereby the equinoctial point precesses(moves backward)through the constellations of the Zodiac at the rate of approximately 50.24 arc seconds annually.

昼夜平分点的进动是观测到的现象,即赤道点以每年大约50.24弧秒的速度(向后移动)穿过黄道十二宫的星座。

In examining the mechanics of the motion of precession of the equinox,one will notice two observables:

在研究昼夜平分点岁差运动的机理时,人们会注意到两个可观测的现象:

1.The North Celestial Pole on its 23.45 degree incline slowly traces a large circle in the sky,pointing to different pole stars over thousands of years,and

1.北天极23.45度的倾斜缓慢地在天空中划出一个大圆圈,指向几千年来不同的极星

2.The observer on Earth,at the point of equinox changes his orientation to inertial space at the current rate of about 50.24 arc seconds annually.At this rate the entire precession cycle time required to traverse all twelve constellations of the ancient Zodiac,is 25,792 years,although evidence indicates it is declining.

2.地球上的观察者,在春分点改变他的方向到惯性空间在目前的速度约50.24弧秒每年。按照这个速度,穿越古老星座所有十二个星座所需的整个岁差周期时间是25,792年,尽管有证据表明它正在减少。

Some years ago it was observed that if the Earth's axis did wobble due to lunisolar forces,it would slowly change the seasons within the calendar.

几年前有人观察到,如果地球的地轴确实由于日月的力量而摇摆不定,那么它将缓慢地改变日历中的季节。

For example,in the northern hemisphere it would eventually become winter in the months of July and August,and summer in January and February.This is because the seasons are indirectly caused by axial tilt(i.e.summer when that hemisphere leans closer to Earth,winter when it leans away,etc.).Therefore,if the axis was tilted for any other reason,such as lunisolar wobble,it would cause seasonal shift.

例如,在北半球,最终在七月和八月成为冬季,在一月和二月成为夏季。这是因为季节是由轴向倾斜间接造成的(例如,夏天的半球靠近地球,冬天的半球靠近地球,等等)。因此,如果地轴由于其他原因而倾斜,例如日月摆动,就会引起季节性变化。

Noticing that the seasons have not been changing(the equinox still falls at the same time in the calendar each year after adjusting for leap movements synching the Earth's rotation with the calendar)lunisolar precession theory now requires that the equinoctial point itself must precess around the Earth's orbital path around the Sun.This theoretical solution avoids the occurrence of seasonal shift that the original theory implied,but causes other problems because it implies the Earth does not complete a 360-degree motion around the Sun equinox to equinox.

注意到季节没有变化(每年的春分点在调整了与地球自转日历同步的跃进运动后仍然在同一时间降落)日月岁差理论现在要求赤道点本身必须绕地球绕太阳的轨道运行。这个理论上的解决方案避免了最初理论所暗示的季节转换的发生,但是引起了其他问题,因为它暗示地球不能完成围绕太阳春分点到春分点的360度运动。

To visualize the movement:if the Earth's path around the Sun were made of 25,792 fixed positions,numbered 1 through 25,792,then in year one the vernal equinox would occur in position 25,791,the next year it would occur in position 25,790,the next year it would occur in position 25,789,the next year in position 25,788,etc.thereby slipping one position per year.At the end of 25,792 years,the vernal equinox would have regressed all the way around the Sun to finally occur once again at its original starting position.

想象一下这个运动:如果地球围绕太阳的轨道由25,792个固定位置组成,编号125,792,那么在第一年春分点出现在25,791位置,第二年它出现在25,790位置,第二年它出现在25,789位置,第二年出现在25,788位置,等等,因此每年下滑一个位置。在25,792年末,春分点会回归到围绕太阳的所有方向,最终再次出现在原始的位置上。

Under lunisolar precession theory it is thought that the Sun and Moon's gravitational influence acting upon the Earth's bulge causes the Earth's axial gyration that in turn results in the Earth's changing orientation to inertial space,observed as precession of the equinox.The theorized annual axial tilt of about 50.24 arc seconds per year is thought to cause the equinox to occur slightly earlier in the Earth's orbit path around the Sun,resulting in an orbit geometry of 359 degrees 59'and 10"equinox to equinox.While this theoretical solution works mathematically and avoids the hypothetical problem of seasonal shift it does not agree with lunar cycles which indicate the Earth does indeed travel around the Sun 360 degrees(relative to the Sun)in an equinoctial year.This can be proved by carefully examining lunar cycle equations and eclipse predictions.Indeed,eclipses have been accurately predicted for many years,long before the latest nuances of lunisolar precession theory required the Earth to have a like equinox approximately 22,000 miles short of a complete revolution around the Sun.

根据日月岁差理论,人们认为太阳和月亮的引力作用于地球的凸起引起地球的轴向旋转,反过来又导致地球的方向改变到惯性空间,观察到春分的进动。据推测,每年约50.24弧秒的轴向倾斜使春分点稍早出现在地球绕太阳公转的轨道上,导致轨道几何形状为35959分和10"春分点到春分点。虽然这个理论上的解决方案在数学上是可行的,并且避免了季节变换的假设问题,但它与月亮周期并不一致,月亮周期表明地球确实在春分年绕太阳公转360(相对于太阳)。这可以通过仔细检查月球周期方程和月食预测得到证实。事实上,日食已经被精确预测了很多年,远远早于日月岁差理论的最新细微差别要求地球像春分点一样绕太阳公转大约22000英里。

All the way back in 1914,a scientist named Percival Lowell had this figured out.He published the following paper in the Astronomical Journal.This article shows how to calculate the Precession of Mars and indicates there are two Precessions summed together to get the total precession.Approximately 50.24 arcseconds is attributed to the General Precession which is the precession of the Sun and solar system.The other is luniprecession which accounts for 0.11 arcseconds,about 1/500th,of the effects of General Precession.Read this 1914 publication for detail and ask yourself this question.WHY HAS THIS BEEN BURIED IN NASA ARCHIVES and not used to determine the truth?

早在1914年,一位名叫珀西瓦尔·洛厄尔的科学家就已经解决了这个问题。他在《天文期刊志上发表了以下论文。本文介绍了如何计算火星岁差,并指出有两个岁差相加得到总岁差。大约50.24弧秒被认为是太阳和太阳系的一般岁差。另一种是月亮岁差,它约占一般岁差影响的0.11弧秒,约为500分之一。阅读这本1914年的出版物,了解更多细节,问问自己这个问题。为什么这些被埋在 NASA 的档案里而不被用来确定真相?

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1914AJ…..28..169L

It should be noted that even though the Earth travels 360 degrees around the Sun,relative to the Sun,measured equinox to equinox,this motion only equates to 359 degrees 59'10"relative to the fixed stars(distant quasars).The only way the Earth(and the accompanying Moon)could travel 360 degrees around the Sun,yet show a lesser motion relative to the fixed stars,is if the entire solar system itself moved in a curved elliptical pattern through space.

应该指出的是,即使地球相对于太阳绕太阳公转360(测量春分点到春分点),这一运动相对于固定恒星(遥远的类星体)也只相当于35959'10"。地球(以及伴随的月球)绕太阳360度旋转,但相对于固定恒星运动较少的唯一方式是,整个太阳系本身在空间中以弯曲的椭圆形运动。

The principal cause of precession then is not an Earth that wobbles relative to the Sun,but a solar system that moves in a curved elliptical pattern through space resulting in all the current observables of precession;a changing pole star and movement of the equinoctial point through the zodiac,but the wobble is only apparent relative to the fixed stars because it does not exist relative to the Sun.

因此,引起岁差的主要原因不是地球相对于太阳的摆动,而是太阳系以弯曲的椭圆形模式在空间中移动,导致目前所有的岁差现象;极星的变化和赤道点在黄道带中的移动,但是这种摆动仅仅是相对于固定恒星而言的,因为它并不相对于太阳而存在。

The gist of this paper is a new model that more simply explains precession and current solar system mechanics.

本文的主旨是提出一个新的模型,更加简单地解释进动和当前太阳系的力学机制。

In the new model,our Sun"moves through a curved pattern"through space as it orbits the Milky Way Galaxy.This causes an"apparent wobble"to the observer on Earth which is an illusion created by the solar systems curved movement through space;thus producing an observable"precession of the equinox"without creating any season shifting issues and cause another riddle in for the old lunisolar theory.

在这个新模型中,我们的太阳在围绕银河系旋转的过程中,在太空中"以一个弯曲的模式移动"。这使地球上的观察者产生"明显的摆动",这是太阳系通过空间弯曲运动产生的幻觉;因此产生了一个可观测的"昼夜平分点进动",而没有产生任何季节转换的问题,并导致另一个谜在旧的日月相隔理论。

We remove the riddle without requiring any movement of the equinoctial points on the Earth's orbital path,or new interpretations of equinoctial years,thereby allowing the equinoctial year to which we adjust UTC(Coordinated Universal Time)to reflect a 360 degree motion of the earth around the Sun,but not through space.The motion through space as viewed from a distant star would indicate the Earth moves in a cork screw pattern around the Milky Way in a fight for momentum with its binary companion.This cork screw pattern creates the Illusion of the Precession of the Equinox as understood by the old lunisolar theory and is evidence that the 50.24 acrseconds of precession is not a wobble,but an illusion.

我们不需要任何地球轨道上的赤道交点的移动,也不需要对赤道年的新解释,就可以解开这个谜团,从而使我们调整 UTC(协调世界时)的赤道年能够反映地球绕太阳360度的运动,而不是通过太空。从遥远的恒星上观察到的太空中的运动表明,地球以螺旋形的方式绕着银河系运动,与它的双星系争夺动量。这种螺旋模式创造了春分点进动的假象,这一假象被旧的日月相等理论所理解,并且是50.24分秒的进动不是一种摆动,而是一种假象的证据。

NEW MODEL CONFIGURATION

新型号配置

According to Newtonian physics the only force that could cause the Sun to display such a curve would be another large mass to which the Sun is gravitationally bound,which is by definition a binary star system.In this model,the Copernican Third Motion of the Earth would be caused primarily by the Sun's curved path in a binary orbit,rather than strictly lunisolar forces.

根据牛顿物理学,唯一能够使太阳显示出这样一条曲线的力是另一个巨大的质量,太阳受到引力的约束,这就是双星系统的定义。在这个模型中,地球的哥白尼第三运动主要是由双星轨道上太阳的弯曲路径引起的,而不是严格意义上的日月相隔力。

Visually,the new model is one of a rotating object(the Earth)in an almost circular orbit around a second object(the Sun),which in turn is an elliptical orbit around a third object(the binary center of mass of the Sun and its companion star).If the Earth's orbit and the Sun's orbit are relatively fixed(i.e.given)then the equations of classical mechanics predict that the axis of rotation of the first rotating object(the Earth)will precess(relative to inertial space)at a rate dictated by the Sun's path around its binary center of mass.To an observer on Earth the first objects axis will"appear"to precess by 360 degrees,in the same amount of time it takes the second object to undergo a complete orbit around the third object,independent of the masses and distances involved.In this model the Earth's axis does not really wobble,or change relative to the Sun,but it produces the same"observable"now attributed to lunisolar precession:a precession of the equinox.From this we conclude:

从视觉上看,这个新模型是一个旋转物体(地球)围绕第二个物体(太阳)运行的近乎圆形的轨道,而第二个物体(太阳)又是一个围绕第三个物体(太阳及其伴星的双星质心)运行的椭圆轨道。如果地球的轨道和太阳的轨道是相对固定的(即已知的),那么经典力学方程预测第一个旋转物体(地球)的自转轴将以一个由太阳绕其双星质心的轨道决定的速率进行(相对于惯性空间)。对于地球上的观察者来说,第一个物体的轴线"似乎"360度,与第二个物体绕第三个物体完成一个完整的轨道所需的时间相同,与所涉及的质量和距离无关。在这个模型中,地轴并没有真正的摆动,或者相对于太阳的改变,但是它产生了同样的"可观测的"现在归因于月亮的岁差:昼夜平分点的岁差。由此我们得出结论:

Acceleration(and eventual deceleration)of the rate of precession will depend on the eccentricity of the binary orbit.From Kepler's Third Law,we know that all orbits are elliptical and objects leaving apoapsis accelerate to periapsis and then decelerate leaving periapsis.Consequently,we now have an explanation for why the precession rate is now accelerating,and we also have a logical reason for why the rate cannot be extrapolated ad infinitum.Indeed,the most significant clue that precession represents a binary orbit is it's universally recognized but until now,unexplained acceleration.

进动速率的加速(和最终减速)将取决于双星轨道的偏心率。根据开普勒第三定律,我们知道所有的轨道都是椭圆形的,离开远心点的物体加速到近心点,然后减速离开近心点。因此,我们现在有了一个解释,为什么岁差速率现在正在加速,我们也有一个逻辑上的原因,为什么速率不能无限地外推。事实上,岁差代表双星轨道的最重要的线索是它是普遍公认的,但是直到现在,还是无法解释的加速度。

Depending on what part of the orbit the observer is on,if he assumes that he is in a circular orbit because it takes a couple of centuries for the acceleration to really become apparent,then he will over/underestimate the orbit period.The precession cycle,now estimated at 25,792 years has been continually reduced over the last several hundred years.According to our calculations,based on an elliptical orbit it is expected to average 24,000 years for a complete cycle(orbit).

取决于观察者所在的轨道的哪个部分,如果他假设自己处于一个圆形轨道,因为加速度需要几个世纪才能真正显现出来,那么他就会过度/低估了轨道周期。目前估计为25792年的岁差周期在过去几百年中不断减少。根据我们的计算,基于一个椭圆轨道,它完成一个周期(轨道)的平均时间预计为24,000年。

To summarize:the annual precession rate is accelerating.However it is not the"wobble"rate increasing,it is the rate of orbit around our barycenter,as our Sun leaves apoapsis.Also,one cannot simply extrapolate the current rate to get the orbit period.Elliptical orbit equations are key to understanding precession.In the current model,there is not a good explanation for resolution of periodicity.Periodicity is a key tenet of the Milankovitch Cycle.(Berger 1977)

总而言之,年进动速度正在加快。然而,这不是"摆动"速率的增加,而是围绕我们的重心的轨道速率,因为我们的太阳离开远地点。此外,我们不能简单地推断出当前的速率来得到轨道周期。椭圆轨道方程是理解进动的关键。在目前的模型中,对周期性的解析没有很好的解释。周期性是米兰科维奇循环的一个关键原则。(伯杰,1977)

理解春分点的进动

Beyond explaining why precession now seems to accelerate,a binary star model appears to better explain other observed phenomena.For example:it would explain the unusual distribution of angular momentum,a fact that has long perplexed scientists developing solar system formation theories.(Caroll and Ostlie 1996)

除了解释为什么岁差现在似乎在加速,双星模型似乎更好地解释了其他观察到的现象。例如:它可以解释角动量的不寻常分布,这一事实长期困扰着科学家发展太阳系形成理论。(卡罗尔与奥斯特利,1996)

理解春分点的进动

In a binary model the Sun's angular momentum is in its movement through space,not just in it's spin axis.A binary model might also help explain the non-random path of certain long-cycle comets(Svitil October 2001),without requiring the existence of a tenth planet or huge quantities of dark matter within the solar system.Also,the recent finding that our solar system has a sheer edge(Allen et al.2001)is now readily explainable,indeed expected in a binary system.Another new finding that was published in 2010 is that the Voyager spacecraft trajectories are behaving as if they are being acted upon by an unknown force as they leave the grip of the sun and feel the grip of our sun's companion.

在一个双星模型中,太阳的角动量是在太空中运动,而不仅仅是在自转轴上运动。双星模型也可能有助于解释某些长周期彗星的非随机轨道(斯维蒂尔,200110),而不需要在太阳系中存在第十颗行星或大量的暗物质。此外,最近发现我们的太阳系具有绝对优势(艾伦等人,2001)现在很容易解释,确实预期在双星系统中。2010年发表的另一项新发现是,旅行者号飞船的轨道在离开太阳的控制并感受到太阳同伴的控制时,表现得好像受到了未知力量的影响。

Furthermore,the efficacy of the Earth's changing orientation to inertial space,being a byproduct of the Suns orbit around its companion star,rather than solely a specific gravitational effect upon one part of the Earth's mass,fits well with a solar system designed for maximum economy.

此外,地球转向惯性空间的功效,作为太阳围绕其伴星轨道的副产品,而不仅仅是对地球质量一部分的特定引力效应,非常适合为最大经济效益而设计的太阳系。

Based on this work to date,the following statements are consistent with observed data:

基于迄今为止的这项工作,下列陈述与观察到的数据一致:

Our Sun is probably part of a binary system,gravitationally bound to another star,likely a dark companion,which is estimated to be 1000 to 4,000 A.U.distant(0.0155LY to 0.062 LY).We are open to other possibilities such as a visible star,however,because this would require a different understanding of long range gravitational effects(i.e.MOND or other new theories).We are not going to speculate on the full range of potential companion stars.

我们的太阳可能是一个双星系统的一部分,由于引力作用与另一颗恒星相连,很可能是一颗黑暗的伴星,估计距离我们10004000 a.u(0.0155 LY 0.062 LY)。然而,我们对其他可能性持开放态度,例如可见星,因为这需要对远距离引力效应有不同的理解(例如 MOND 或其他新的理论)。我们不打算对潜在伴星的整个范围进行推测。

The Sun's path currently curves at about 50.24 arc seconds per year(one degree every 71.657 years)around its apparent binary center of mass,and the Sun is now accelerating,at the approximate rate of 0.000349(arc seconds per year)per year.The old lunisolar model fails to explain this acceleration.The binary theory explains the acceleration as movement from apoapsis(at farthest orbit)to periapsis(at closest orbit).At the closest orbit,the precession accelerations zero and as the companion stars pass periapsis,precession will begin to decrease.

目前,太阳绕其视双星质心的运行轨迹每年弯曲约50.24弧秒(71.657年弯曲一度),太阳现在正在加速,速度约为每年0.000349弧秒(每年弯曲一度)。旧的月月模型无法解释这种加速现象。双星理论将加速解释为从远心点(在最远的轨道)到近心点(在最近的轨道)的运动。在最近的轨道上,进动加速度为零,当伴星通过近点时,进动开始减小。

This change in acceleration also affects General Relativity which can be noted also to be the possible discrepancies in relativity calculations.

这种加速度的变化也会影响广义相对论,这也可以注意到可能的相对性计算的差异。

The apparent binary orbit plane is expected to be the same as,or within a few degrees of,the invariable plane(the angular momentum plane of the solar system).

这个明显的双星轨道平面预计将与太阳系的不变平面平面相同,或者相差几度。太阳系的角动量平面。

The Earth's changing orientation to inertial space(as required by any binary orbit of our Sun),can be seen as Precession of the Equinox.This fact has been masked by the illusion called the lunisolar explanation for precession.

地球转向惯性空间的改变(根据我们太阳的任何双星轨道的要求),可以看作春分点的进动。这个事实已经被称为岁差的日月星解释的幻象所掩盖。

The current apparent binary orbit speed is one cycle every 25,792 years,but due to acceleration(as we move away from apoapsis),is expected to average approximately 24,000 years per complete orbit.

目前的表观双星轨道速度是每25,792年一个周期,但由于加速(当我们离开远地点时),预计平均每个完整轨道约24,000年。

Models based on Kepler's Law for elliptical orbits appear to predict the changing precession rate better than current wobble theory.

基于开普勒椭圆轨道定律的模型似乎比目前的摆动理论更能预测进动速率的变化。

The third motion of the Earth(wobble)does exist as an observable phenomenon,but not as axial movement relative to the Sun.Independent axial movement is probably limited to nutational nodding and Chandler wobble and is negligible(!/5ooth)when compared to precession.

地球的第三个运动(摆动)确实存在作为一个可观察的现象,但不是作为相对于太阳的轴向运动。独立的轴向运动可能仅限于摇头和钱德勒摆动,可以忽略不计(/500)相对于岁差。

Occam's Razor requires consideration of the binary star concept unless physical evidence is available that is clearly inconsistent with the model.We are not aware of such evidence.

Occam Razor 需要考虑双星的概念,除非有明显不符合模型的物理证据。我们不知道有这样的证据。

Further arguments in support of a binary model are summarized below:

支持二进制模型的进一步论据概述如下:

NEW MODEL PRODUCES SAME PRECESSION OBSERVABLE WITHOUT COMPLEXITY

新模型无复杂度产生相同的进动可观测性

Early lunisolar wobble required the pole to move by about one degree every 71.5 years based on the current precession rate,hence the pole should have moved about 6 degrees since the Gregorian Calendar change(420 years ago),thereby causing the equinox to drift about 5.9 days.This has not happened;the equinox is stable in time after making leap adjustments.

早期的月球摆动要求根据目前的岁差速率,极点每71.5年移动一度,因此自从公历变化(420年前)以来,极点应该移动了大约6度,从而导致春分点漂移了大约5.9天。但这并没有发生,在做了大幅度调整之后,春分时刻是稳定的。

Therefore,it was theorized that the equinox must slip about 50 arc seconds per year along the ecliptic and the equinoctial year is only 359 degrees 59'and 10"not 360 degrees.Although this solves the seasonal slippage issue it does not agree with lunar cycle data.

因此,从理论上来说,春分点每年沿着黄道偏移50弧秒,而赤道年只有35959'10",而不是360度。虽然这解决了季节性滑移问题,但与月球周期数据不符。

Astronomers sometimes use a 360-degree geometry to describe the Earth's motion around the Sun,and they sometimes use 359 degree 59'and 10".Obviously the 360 degree motion in an equinoctial year works for calculating the moons position,eclipses,Saro's cycles and the like but the lunisolar model of 359 degrees 59'10"in an equinoctial year works best for calculating the position of stars,quasars,and other extra solar system phenomena.In other words the lunisolar model works fine relative to the fixed stars but the other works well for purposes where the position of the fixed stars do not matter.Although both are useful for various calculation purposes,we assume there is still only one physical reality(at least if we exclude parallel universes)and therefore only one geometry is correct.

天文学家有时使用360度几何来描述地球围绕太阳的运动,有时使用35959'10"。显然,春分年360度的运动可以用来计算卫星的位置、日食、萨罗周期等等,但是春分年35959'10"的日月模型最适合计算恒星、类星体和其他太阳系外现象的位置。换句话说,相对于固定恒星来说,日月星模型工作得很好,但是其他模型在固定恒星的位置无关紧要的情况下工作得很好。虽然两者对于不同的计算目的都是有用的,但我们假设仍然只有一个物理现实(至少如果我们排除平行宇宙),因此只有一个几何是正确的。

We can see that relative to the fixed stars the period from like equinox to like equinox occurs about 50"short of a 360 alignment with the same stars.In the current lunisolar paradigm,the wobbling axis supposedly causes this motion and it does work theoretically if you ignore the moons required motion in an equinoctial year.But the only system where both the moon data model can be correct(Earth around Sun 360 degrees in equinoctial year)and the Earth can appear to come up 50 arc seconds short of a 360 degree motion around the Sun(relative to the stars)in an equinoctial year,is one in which the entire solar system is curving through space at the rate of about 50 arc seconds per year.In this manner the Moon can travel with the Earth,the Earth and Moon and Sun can keep the integrity of their mathematical relationships,and the Earth can still appear to precess relative to the fixed stars with a wobble.

我们可以看到,相对于固定恒星,从像春分到像春分的周期大约为50英寸,与同一恒星的360英寸的直线距离相差不大。在当前的日月星范式中,摇摆轴据说是引起这种运动的原因,如果你忽略昼夜分点年所需要的卫星运动,理论上它确实是有效的。但是,唯一一个月球数据模型可以正确的系统(地球在春分年绕太阳360)和地球在春分年绕太阳360度运动(相对于恒星)似乎只差50弧秒,那就是整个太阳系以每年约50弧秒的速度在太空中弯曲。通过这种方式,月球可以和地球一起旅行,地球、月球和太阳可以保持它们之间数学关系的完整性,而地球相对于固定的恒星仍然可以进行摆动。

Now obviously the lunisolar model does not say the solar system is curving through space at 50 arc seconds per year.And yet there is no article or paper that addresses the subject.It is possible that those scientists that calculate eclipses,Saro's cycles and other lunar cycle equations are not aware of all the subtle requirements of lunisolar precession theory-and that precession theorists do not concern themselves with moon cycle equations.Perhaps this paper will cause the subject to be examined and addressed.

现在很明显,月亮星模型并没有说太阳系正以每年50弧秒的速度在太空中弯曲。然而,没有一篇文章或论文涉及这个主题。计算日食、萨罗周期和其他月亮周期方程的科学家可能没有意识到月亮岁差理论的所有微妙要求,岁差理论家也不关心月亮周期方程。也许这篇论文会引起人们对这个问题的审视和讨论。

Further to the point,if one assumes the cause of the equinoctial point slipping backward around the Earth's orbit path at a rate of 50.29 arc seconds per year is due simply to the Earth wobbling at this exact same rate,then one must look deeper and realize that this implies the barycenter of the Earth stay the same with each 360 degree motion of the Earth around the Sun,and the reason the equinox happens earlier and earlier is because the Earth's axial shift has caused the equinoctial position to appear earlier and earlier.However,this would mean the center of the Earth travels exactly 360 degrees,or once around the Sun each equinoctial year.Because the equinoctial year is now presumed to be less than 360 degrees(by the amount of precession)and only the sidereal year is presumed to represent a complete 360 degree motion of the Earth around the Sun(supposedly this is why we line up with the same stars in a sidereal year)then the barycenter to barycenter motion of the sidereal year would have to be more than 360 degrees,thereby showing the solar system is curving through space.If the slippage is not due solely to precession then why is the time delta between an equinoctial year and sidereal year attributed to precession,and why does the barycenter of the Earth slip at the same rate as precession?

进一步说,如果假设赤道点以每年50.29弧秒的速度沿着地球轨道向后滑动的原因仅仅是由于地球以完全相同的速度摆动,那么我们必须更深入地观察,并意识到这意味着地球的重心与地球绕太阳的每一次360度运动保持一致,而且发生赤道点越来越早的原因是因为地球的轴向移动导致赤道位置出现得越来越早。然而,这将意味着地球的中心正好运行360度,或者说每个二分之一年绕太阳一周。因为现在假定赤道年小于360(根据岁差的数量),而且只有恒星年被假定代表地球绕太阳完全360度的运动(假定这就是为什么我们在恒星年中与同样的恒星排成一线),那么恒星年的重心到重心的运动必须超过360度,从而表明太阳系正在空间中弯曲。如果滑动不仅仅是由于岁差,那么为什么在一个赤道年和恒星年之间的时间差被归因于岁差,为什么地球的重心以与岁差相同的速率滑动?

One possible objection to this"Binary Model"is that the Earth and other planets of the solar system are not thought to change orientation to inertial space(the observable of precession)just because the solar system curves through space.

对这一"双星模型"的一个可能的反对意见是,人们认为,地球和太阳系的其他行星不会仅仅因为太阳系在空间弯曲,就改变方向,转向惯性空间(进动的可观测值)

In reading Newton's laws we can find nothing that would indicate the Earth would be unaffected by the Suns acceleration around a binary center of mass unless the Earth were perfectly spherical(both models agree it is not).Therefore it must be affected.We hear the opposite concern just as often.That is;if a companion star causes our solar system to slowly change orientation to inertial space it would cause all the planets to precess at the exact same rate as the earth.This seems highly unlikely given the fact that all the planets are subject to a multitude of varying forces such as different distances from the sun,different spin rates,different moon influences,etc.consequently the planets cannot all be expected to act exactly the same,for to do so would require them to escape all local influences.Remember gravity from the companion star and the resultant binary motion may be one factor that moves all masses in the solar system but it would not and could not affect all masses equally by overriding all local effects.

在解读牛顿定律时,我们找不到任何东西可以表明地球不会受到太阳围绕双星质心加速的影响,除非地球是完美的球形(两个模型都同意它不是)。因此,它必须受到影响。我们也经常听到相反的担忧。也就是说,如果一颗伴星使我们的太阳系缓慢地改变惯性空间的方向,那么所有的行星都会以与地球完全相同的速度进化。这似乎是极不可能的,因为事实上,所有的行星都受到各种各样的力量的影响,如不同的距离,不同的自转率,不同的月球影响等,因此不能期望所有的行星完全一样,因为这样做将要求他们逃避所有的局部影响。记住伴星的引力以及由此产生的双星运动可能是推动太阳系所有质量的因素之一,但是它不会也不可能通过压倒所有的局部效应而平等地影响所有质量。

This is why there are several components to precession that must be summed to obtain the precession of each planet.The rotation of the planet can contribute to precession.The orbit of each moon can contribute a component of precession.However,these planetary and lunar precessions are very small when compared to the General Precession(precession of the solar system).

这就是为什么岁差有几个组成部分,必须加以相加才能得到每个行星的岁差。行星的旋转可能有助于岁差。每个月球的轨道都可以贡献进动的一部分。然而,这些行星和月球的进动与一般进动(太阳系的进动)相比是非常小的。

In summary,a simple way to produce all the same observables as lunisolar precession theory;a precessing equinox and changing pole star,without any motions that are unexplained by classical mechanics,is a Sun curving through space in a binary system.In this model,planets gravitationally bound to stars curving through space,will experience a changing orientation to inertial space,commensurate with the stars rate of motion,unless offset or exaggerated by other local forces.

总而言之,产生与月球岁差理论相同的可观测量的一个简单方法是:一个进动的春分点和变化的极星,没有任何运动是经典力学无法解释的,是一个太阳在一个双星系统中弯曲通过空间。在这个模型中,除非被其他局部力量抵消或夸大,否则行星的引力会与在太空中弯曲运动的恒星紧密联系在一起,会经历一个惯性空间方向的变化,与恒星的运动速度相称。

Sidereal vs.Solar Time Delta Rationale

恒星 vs.太阳时间 Delta 的基本原理

If the delta between a sidereal"day"and a solar"day"is compensation for the curvature of an orbit(per textbooks),so too is the delta of a sidereal"year"vs.a solar"year"compensation for an orbit.The former is the orbit of the Earth around the Sun,the latter,the Sun around it's apparent binary center of mass.Furthermore,just as the Earth's delta between a sidereal"day"and a solar"day",times the orbit period,(4 min X 365=1 day)is equivalent to the daily rate of change around it's orbital center of mass(the Sun),so too should the Earth's delta,between a sidereal"year"and a solar"year",times X orbit period be equal to the annual rate of change around its apparent binary center of mass.(X=25,770 years:the current rate of orbit around the postulated binary center of mass,20 min X 25,770 years=1 year)(minutes rounded produces 98%approximation).

如果恒星""和太阳""之间的差值是对轨道弯曲的补偿(按照教科书的说法),那么恒星""和太阳""之间的差值也是对轨道弯曲的补偿。前者是地球绕太阳公转的轨道,后者是太阳绕其可视双星质心公转的轨道。此外,正如地球的δ介于恒星""和太阳""之间,乘以轨道周期(4分钟 x3651)等于围绕其轨道中心(太阳)的日变化率,地球的δ介于恒星""和太阳""之间,乘以 x 轨道周期等于围绕其双星质心的年变化率。(x 25,770:目前围绕假定的双星质心的轨道速率,20分钟 x 25,7701)(分钟舍入得出98%的近似值)

理解春分点的进动

Just because there is no known orbit that needs be compensated for by an annual delta between a sidereal year and a solar year,does not mean the 20 minute delta must be caused by something other than an orbit.

仅仅因为在恒星年和太阳年之间没有一个已知的轨道需要一个年度的δ来补偿,并不意味着20分钟的δ一定是由轨道以外的其他东西造成的。

The burden of proof lies with those who support the current lunisolar precession theory which requires a different explanation for the two deltas.

证明的责任在于那些支持当前日月岁差理论的人,这一理论要求对两个三角洲作出不同的解释。

Precession Calculation and Trend Rationale

岁差计算及趋势基本原理

A review of the scientific literature indicates that the annual rate of precession has been accelerating.(Fig.1)The most reliable calculations that have been produced by Newcomb,Williams,etc.,show a historical trend towards increasing annual precession rates(which implies a post apoapsis shrinking orbit period).We have found that Kepler's orbital elliptical equations for a dual star model produce a more precise calculation of the change of precession and lend strong evidence to the argument that precession of the equinox is more adequately accounted for by an elliptical orbit rather than lunisolar forces.Indeed,if precession were primarily caused by the Sun and Moon tugging on the Earth's equatorial bulge,the annual rate should not be constantly increasing,nor should orbit equations prove to be a better predictor of precession rates.Over the years other forces have been added to the lunisolar precession calculation including,other planets,tidal effects,movement of the Earth's core,passing asteroids,etc.

对科学文献的回顾表明岁差的年速率一直在加快。(1)NewcombWilliams 等人提供的最可靠的计算结果显示了年岁差率增加的历史趋势(这意味着一个后末梢缩小的轨道周期)。我们发现,开普勒的双星模型的轨道椭圆方程产生了更精确的岁差变化的计算,并提供了强有力的证据的论点,即进分点的岁差更充分地解释了一个椭圆轨道,而不是月日力。事实上,如果岁差主要是由太阳和月亮拖拽地球的赤道隆起引起的,那么年率不应该不断增加,轨道方程式也不应该被证明是更好的岁差率预测器。多年来,其他的力量被加入到日月岁差的计算中,包括其他行星、潮汐效应、地核的运动、飞过的小行星等等。

According to the current single sun model,there is no reason for precession to ever change its increasing trend–a spinning top only slows down,there is no reason for it to speed up unless new force is applied.So in the past,precession(under the current model)must have been much smaller than it is now,and in the future,it will continue to increase.This historical extrapolation does not conform to the Milankovitch Cycle.

根据目前的单太阳模型,进动没有理由改变它的增长趋势——旋转陀螺只会减速,除非施加新的力,否则没有理由加速。所以在过去,岁差(在现在的模型下)一定比现在小得多,而且在未来,它还会继续增加。这种历史推断不符合米兰科维奇循环。

Given the fact a binary,elliptical orbit model provides the most efficient method for causing precession and predicting precession,then such a model should be considered the simplest descriptor of local celestial mechanics.

鉴于一个双星椭圆轨道模型为进动的产生和进动的预测提供了最有效的方法,那么这样一个模型应该被认为是最简单的描述局部天体力学的描述符。

Modeling Assumptions

建立假设模型

The issues discussed heretofore suggest the appropriateness of modeling binary systems to explore whether or not a binary star hypothesis is consistent with observed data.While an infinite number of potential binary system configurations are available for analysis,we narrowed the range by making three assumptions:

本文所讨论的问题表明,建立双星系统模型以探索双星假说是否与观测数据一致是合适的。虽然有无限多的可能的二进制系统配置可供分析,我们通过三个假设来缩小范围:

1.The orbital period for the Sun around the gravitational center of the binary system would be approximately 24,000 years(rounding from the currently calculated precession cycle of 25,792 years),if it were a circular orbit.

1.如果太阳是一个圆形轨道,它绕双星系统重力中心的轨道周期大约为24000(从目前计算的25792年进动周期四舍五入)

2.The actual orbital period will be greater or lesser than 24,000 years if the Sun's orbit is non-circular,which is most likely.The degree to which the actual orbit is greater or lesser than the currently perceived period depends upon the eccentricity and the position of the Sun on that orbit relative to apoapsis or periapsis(this is because the Sun would be accelerating as it departs from apoapsis and decelerating as it departs from periapsis).Thus,if the Sun is closer to departing from apoapsis,the actual orbital cycle would be less than approximately 26,000 years,since that figure would have been derived from observation during the Sun's slowest passage along its orbital path.

2。如果太阳的轨道是非圆形的,那么实际的轨道周期将大于或小于24,000年,这是最有可能的。实际轨道大于或小于目前感知周期的程度取决于偏心率和太阳在该轨道上相对于远心点或近心点的位置(这是因为太阳在离开远心点时会加速,离开近心点时会减速)。因此,如果太阳离远地点更近一些,实际的轨道周期将少于大约26,000年,因为这个数字是根据太阳沿其轨道最慢路径的观测得出的。

3.Because the calculated change in the precession cycle has increased by 0.034"over the last century,the Sun and solar system were assumed to be increasing in speed as the Sun accelerates away from apoapsis.So the annual increase in precession is attributed primarily to the increasing angular velocity of the Sun's elliptical orbit around its binary companion.

3。由于岁差周期的计算变化在上个世纪增加了0.034",因此假定太阳和太阳系的速度随着太阳加速远离远地点而增加。所以岁差的年度增加主要是由于太阳绕其伴星运行的椭圆轨道的角速度增加。

With these assumptions,we tested orbital parameters at 1000 year intervals ranging from 24,000 years to 28,000 years,and for each orbital period,tested for assumed apoapsis at 500-year intervals into the past from 2000 A.D.

根据这些假设,我们每1000年测试一次轨道参数,范围从24,000年到28,000年不等,并对每一个轨道周期,从公元2000年到过去500年,每隔一年测试一次假设的远地点。

We found a very close fit between observed data and the orbital model assuming an orbital period of 24,000 years and with apoapsis around 2010 to 2014.

我们发现观测数据与轨道模型非常吻合,假设轨道周期为24,000年,远地点在2010年到2014年之间。

Revised Precession Calculations,New Constant,Future Estimates

修订的岁差计算,新常数,未来估计

Using the current Constant of Precession of 50.24"/y,the calculated period of revolution comes to 25,792 years.Calculating the annual change in precession of an orbit that has a period of revolution of 24,000 years,and at a point in 2012 as it passes periapsis,that has an angular velocity of 50.24 arc sec per year,returns an eccentricity of about 0.038.

用目前的进动常数50.24"/y,计算出公转周期为25,792年。计算一个公转周期为24,000年的轨道,在2012年某一时刻通过近点时,其进动的年变化角速度为每年50.24弧秒,得到的偏心率约为0.038

If we are moving away from apoapsis as proposed,our orbital velocity should be increasing–we are speeding up with respect to the binary center of mass–which means that the period of revolution perceived over astronomically short periods of time is decreasing;this in turn requires the constant of precession to increase as time goes by.Currently the yearly change is about 0.000349"/y,but that will continue to increase for a few more years,until the Sun reaches periapsis.In terms of the calculated period of revolution,that corresponds to a yearly decrease of.178 years,ignoring the short cyclic influences of nutation,etc.This roughly corresponds with the changes in precession calculations that have been reported in the literature.

如果我们按照提议离开远地点,我们的轨道速度应该会增加——我们对于双星质心的速度正在加快——这意味着在天文学上短时间内观察到的旋转周期正在减少;这反过来又要求进动的常数随着时间的推移而增加。目前,每年的变化大约是0.000349"/y,但这个数字还会继续增加几年,直到太阳到达近点。在计算公转周期时,忽略章动等短周期影响,相当于每年减少0.178年。这大致相当于文献中报道的岁差计算的变化。

Therefore,we make the following estimates for the years 2011:

因此,我们对2011年作出以下估计:

Year Precession

年份岁差

Period of Revolution(years)

革命时期()

2010 50.24"/y

201050.24"/y

25,792.035

2100 50.325866"/y

210050.325866"/y

25792.164

In 1900,Simon Newcomb offered a formula for precession:50.2564"+0.000222*(year–1900)(U.S.Naval Observatory 1900)

1900年,西蒙·纽科姆提出了一个岁差公式:50.2564"+0.000222*(1900)(美国海军天文台1900)

We offer the following alternative formula based on the proposed binary system model:50.245223"–0.000349*(2012-year)

我们提供以下基于拟议的二元系统模型的替代公式:50.245223"-0.000349*(2012)

Observed precession has changed by 0.0337 from 1900 to 2000,for a yearly change of 0.000337".This precession delta is approximately ten times closer to our proposed annual precession of 0.000349"than Newcomb's annual precession adjustment of 0.000222".

观测到的岁差从1900年到2000年变化了0.0337,年变化为0.000337"。这个岁差三角洲大约比我们提出的0.000349"比纽科姆的年度岁差调整0.000222"近十倍。

Minimum precession is about 1 degree every 84 years when the Sun is at apoapsis,and the maximum precession is about one degree every 71.665 years when the Sun is near periapsis.The Earth will average about one degree of precession per 77.83 years over the 24,000 year cycle.

太阳在远地点时的最小进动约为每841度,太阳在近地点时的最大进动约为每71.6651度。在24,000年的周期中,地球每77.83年平均会有一度的岁差。

Dual Star Distance Calculation

双星距离的计算

In any binary system,the celestial bodies revolve around each other.More precisely,both stars orbit around a Center of Mass between them that corresponds to one of two focal points in each orbit(focus).In our proposed Dual Star Model,our Sun and its so-far unidentified companion rotate around each other every 24,000 years,and thus around their combined Center of Mass every 24,000 years.

在任何双星系统中,天体都是相互围绕运动的。更确切地说,两颗恒星都围绕着一个质心运行,质心位于两个恒星之间,对应着每个轨道上的两个焦点(焦点)。在我们提出的双星模型中,我们的太阳和它迄今为止尚未确认的伴星每24000年相互绕着对方旋转一周,因此每24000年绕着它们的质心旋转一周。

Thus Kepler's law for circular orbits for the proposed system:

因此,开普勒定律的循环轨道拟议系统:

N2*D3=G*(Massof Sun+Massof DualStar)Where:N=2p/T

N2*D3 g*(太阳质量+双星质量)其中:n2p/t

G=T=

G t

D=MSUN

Gravitational Constant=6.672*10-11 m3 kg-1 sec-2

万有引力常数6.672*10-11立方米/千克-1-2

Period of Revolution in seconds:sec Average distance between Sun and Dual Star in meters:m

公转周期():秒太阳与双星之间的平均距离():

=1.9891*1030 kg

So:D3*4 p2/(24,000 years)2=G*(MSUN+MDUAL STAR)

所以:D3*4 p2/(24,000)2 g*(MSUN+MDUAL STAR)

For example,a Mass Dual Star=0.08 of the Mass of the Sun(a dwarf):

例如,质量为太阳质量0.08倍的双星(矮星):

D=0.01344 L.Y.or 854 A.U.

0.01344 l.y.854 a.u

D at 6 times the Mass of the Sun:0.02384 L.Y.or 1514.6 A.U.

D 是太阳质量的6:0.02384 l.y.1514.6 a.u

Comparing a binary model of our solar system versus a single sun model with lunisolar tugging at the Earth's oblateness brings the following observations to light:

比较我们的太阳系的双星模型和单一太阳模型与拉扯地球扁率的月球孤立星模型,可以得出以下结论:

1.Majority of star systems are binary star systems(Richichi and Leinert 2000).Why should we assume our solar system is not and we are the odd solar system.Logic tells us that most likely,our solar system is like most others and is a binary system.1.大多数恒星系统是双星系统(Richichi Leinert 2000)。为什么我们要假设我们的太阳系不是,我们是奇数太阳系。逻辑告诉我们,最有可能的是,我们的太阳系像大多数其他的双星系统一样

2.Curved path of Sun through space simply explains the Earth's changing orientation to inertial space,is an expected phenomena,and erases the illusion of a wobbling Earth.

2。太阳在太空中的弯曲轨迹只是简单地解释了地球向惯性空间转变的方向,这是一个预期的现象,并且消除了地球摆动的错觉。

3.Sidereal and solar year delta are a natural result of the binary orbit model.The measured delta,as 50.24 arcseconds or 0.01395556 degrees,translates to the amount of orbit completed by our solar system around the barycenter of a binary system in a given year.Divide 360 degrees by 0.01395556 and the period of binary orbit is found as 25,796.17834 years.

3。恒星和太阳年δ是双星轨道模型的自然结果。测量得到的δ,为50.24弧秒或0.01395556度,转换为我们的太阳系在给定的一年中围绕双星系统重心的轨道完成的总量。用360度除以0.01395556,得到的双星轨道周期为25,796.17834年。

If the delta between a sidereal"day"and a solar"day"is compensation for the curvature of an orbit(per textbooks),so too is the delta of a sidereal"year"vs.a solar"year"compensation for an orbit.The former is the orbit of the Earth around the Sun,the latter,the Sun around it's apparent binary center of mass(barycenter).

如果恒星""和太阳""之间的差值是对轨道弯曲的补偿(按照教科书的说法),那么恒星""和太阳""之间的差值也是对轨道弯曲的补偿。前者是地球绕太阳公转的轨道,后者是太阳绕其可视双星质心(重心)的轨道。

Furthermore,just as the Earth's delta between a sidereal"day"and a solar"day",times the orbit period,(4 min X 365=1 day)is equivalent to the daily rate of change around it's orbital center of mass(the Sun),so too should the Earth's delta,between a sidereal"year"and a solar"year",times X orbit period be equal to the annual rate of change around its apparent binary center of mass.(X=25,796 years:the current rate of orbit around the postulated barycenter of 0.1395556 degrees(25,796 years=1 year)(rounded produces 99%approximation).

此外,正如地球的δ介于恒星""和太阳""之间,乘以轨道周期(4分钟 x3651)等于围绕其轨道中心(太阳)的日变化率,地球的δ介于恒星""和太阳""之间,乘以 x 轨道周期等于围绕其双星质心的年变化率。(x 25,796:目前围绕假定重心的轨道速率为0.1395556(25,7961)(四舍五入得出99%的近似值)

Just because there is no known orbit that needs be compensated for by an annual delta between a sidereal year and a solar year,does not mean the delta must be caused by something other than an orbit.

仅仅因为在恒星年和太阳年之间没有一个已知的轨道需要每年用一个δ来补偿,并不意味着这个δ一定是由轨道以外的其他东西造成的。

The burden of proof lies with those who support the current lunisolar precession theory which requires a different explanation for the two deltas.However,in absence of proof of the old theory,I offer this document as proof our solar system is a binary solar system.

证明的责任在于那些支持当前日月岁差理论的人,这一理论要求对两个三角洲作出不同的解释。然而,由于缺乏旧理论的证明,我提供这份文件作为我们的太阳系是一个双太阳系的证明。

4.Angular momentum balances with dual star in a binary star system accounting for the missing momentum of the Sun.

4。在一个双星系统中,角动量天文台与双星平衡,这个双星系统占据了太阳失去的动量。

5.Sheer edge of solar system as discovered in 2010 is not expected in the old lunisolar theory,however,a sheer edge is part of the binary model since mass is separated between companion stars.

5.2010年发现的太阳系的绝对优势在旧的日月孤立星理论中是不被期待的,然而,绝对优势是双星模型的一部分,因为质量在伴星之间是分开的。

6.Precession accelerates past apoapsis which fits the binary model.

6.进动加速过去的远地点,这符合双星模型。

7.Precession conforms to elliptical equation model and not a earth wobble model.

7.进动符合椭圆方程模型,不符合地球摆动模型。

8.Curved Sun path allows observed wobble without causing rotational time problems,or requiring equinoctial slippage

8。弯曲的太阳轨道允许观测到的摆动,而不会引起转动时间问题,或需要二分点滑动

9.Some long cycle comet paths should be channeled by dual mass which accounts for non random comets in our solar system.

9。在我们的太阳系中,一些长周期彗星路径应该由双重质量引导,这些质量占了非随机彗星的份额。

10.No significant curvature in Sun's path,requires Earth's changing orientation to inertial space to be explained by complex theories that are still unproven;Occam's Razor applies.

10。太阳运行轨道上没有明显的弯曲,需要用复杂的理论来解释地球转向惯性空间的变化,这些理论仍未被证实,Occam Razor 理论适用。

12.The Sidereal and solar year delta explanation conflicts with sidereal and solar day explanations.

12。恒星和太阳年的δ解释与恒星和太阳日的解释相冲突。

13.Distribution of angular momentum among planets still unexplained with old model while the binary model explains the distribution of angular moment.

13。角动量在行星间的分布用旧的模型仍然无法解释,而双星模型解释了角矩的分布。

14.Lunisolar precession should be constant(unless gravity of Sun and Moon are steadily increasing)but in fact precession calculations are continually altered

14。日月岁差应该是恒定的(除非太阳和月球的重力稳步增加),但事实上岁差的计算是不断变化的

15.Old theory Precession should be relatively constant but it is not.The binary model explains the increase and decrease in Precession.

15。古老的理论认为岁差应该是相对恒定的,但事实并非如此。二元模型解释了进动的增加和减少。

16.The old theory rotational wobble creates time paradox that requires unexplained concurrent motions.

16.旧理论中的旋转摆动产生了时间悖论,需要无法解释的并行运动。

17.Comet paths should be random,but they are not(Murray 1999)

17。彗星路径应该是随机的,但它们不是(Murray 1999)

18.Voyager spacecraft's trajectory is off(influenced by companion star).

18。旅行者号飞船的轨道偏离了(受伴星的影响)

CONCLUSIONS

结论

Our solar system is part of a binary solar system and the precession of the equinox is an illusion caused by the movement of our solar system in a cork screwing elliptical pattern around the Milky Way Galaxy.

我们的太阳系是一个双太阳系的一部分,昼夜平分点的进动是我们太阳系在银河系周围的软木椭圆形图案中运动所造成的错觉。

What awaits us at periapsis?

什么等待我们在周围?

The angular momentum distribution of our solar system is a problem that has frustrated attempts at developing a reasonable theory of how the solar system developed.This problem disappears using a binary relationship model.

我们太阳系的角动量分布是一个问题,阻碍了对太阳系如何发展的合理理论的尝试。使用二进制关系模型,这个问题就消失了。

The gravitational effect of a binary companion could easily cause a non-random distribution of long-range comets.In a single sun system,an abrupt edge like the one just beyond our Kuiper Belt would not be expected.In a binary system a sheer edge would be normal and expected.

双星伴星的引力效应很容易导致远程彗星的非随机分布。在一个单一的太阳系中,我们不可能预料到在 Kuiper Belt 之外会出现像这样的陡峭边缘。在一个双星系统中,纯粹的优势是正常的,也是意料之中的。

The current model of precession(spinning top slowing down)would mean a very different value of precession 100,000 years ago.In a binary relationship model,precession 100,000 years ago would be about the same as today–because it would be cyclical.This is in keeping with the accepted Milankovitch(Precession)Cycle.(Berger 1977)

目前的岁差模型(旋转陀螺减速)10万年前意味着一个非常不同的岁差值。在二元关系模型中,10万年前的岁差与今天大致相同,因为它是循环的。这与已被接受的米兰科维奇(岁差)周期保持一致。(伯杰,1977)

Moreover,the binary model is a simpler more logical model for explaining the mechanics of our solar system and the motions of the Earth.

此外,双星模型是一个更简单、更符合逻辑的模型,用来解释我们太阳系的机制和地球的运动。

For example,unlike lunisolar theory the new model does not require concurrent slippage of the equinoctial point in order make precession work:

例如,与日月相等理论不同的是,新模型不要求昼夜平分点同时发生滑移,以使岁差发挥作用:

An equinoctial year,tropical year and solar year all,once again,represent a 360 degree motion of the Earth around the Sun.

一个二分年、一个热带年和一个太阳年,再一次代表了地球绕太阳360度的运动。

The equinox occurs at the same place in the Earth's orbit path each year(relative to the Sun).The ecliptic plane and celestial equator are once again fixed at the point of the equinox.

每年春分点都发生在地球轨道的同一地点(相对于太阳)。黄道面和天球赤道再次固定在春分点上。

The calendar year,once again,represents a complete orbit of the Earth around the Sun.(Except for the differential between 365.25(average days in a year)and 365.2422(actual rotations in a year)that exists because mans calendar is made of whole days).

日历年再一次代表了地球绕太阳公转的完整轨道。(不包括365.25(一年的平均天数)365.2422(一年的实际轮换天数)之间的差额,因为人类的日历是由整天组成的)

Also,the new model does not require extremely complex equations to predict precession.Nor do the new equations suffer a high degree of degradation over time:

此外,新模型不需要极其复杂的公式来预测进动。随着时间的推移,这些新的方程式也不会出现严重的退化:

The Earth's changing orientation to inertial space is only minimally affected by the planets,tides,geo-physical movements,asteroids,etc.The principal source of movement is caused by the binary motion and the Sun curving through space,slowly changing the Earth's orientation.

地球向惯性空间转变的方向受行星、潮汐、地球物理运动、小行星等的影响很小。运动的主要来源是双星运动和太阳在太空中的弯曲运动,缓慢地改变了地球的方向。

Precession can be more accurately,and easily predicted by plotting the angular velocity of the Sun in its binary orbit,and using this as the main input in precession calculations.The Sun's angular momentum is now proportional to its mass,along with the other planets.

进动可以更加精确,而且很容易预测,只要绘制太阳在其双星轨道上的角速度,并将其作为进动计算的主要输入。太阳的角动量现在和它的质量成正比,其他的行星也是如此。

Precession's annual increase is attributed primarily to the increasing angular velocity(curved motion)of the Sun's"elliptical"orbit around it's binary.

岁差的年度增长主要是由于太阳围绕其双星运行的"椭圆"轨道不断增加的角速度。

Precession waxes and wanes with the elliptical orbit of our Sun around its binary center of mass.In this model precession is cyclical and the current accelerating precession trend,expected in elliptical orbit,is now understandable.

岁差随着太阳围绕其双星质心的椭圆轨道的运动而变化。在这个模型中进动是周期性的,目前在椭圆轨道上加速进动的趋势是可以理解的。

Precession was never so small as to not exist and it will never become so large that we all wobble off the Earth.Minimum precession is about one degree every 72 years when the Sun is at apoapsis,and maximum precession is about one degree every 60 years when the Sun is near periapsis.The Earth will average about one degree of precession per 66.6 years over the 24,000 year cycle.

岁差从来没有小到不存在的程度,它也不会变得太大,以至于我们都会在地球上摆动。当太阳处于远地点时,最小进动约为每72年一度;当太阳接近近近地点时,最大进动约为每60年一度。在24,000年的周期中,地球每66.6年平均会有一度的岁差。

The new model does not require one cause to be given to explain the difference between a solar and sidereal"day"(orbital curvature)and another completely different principal to be given to explain the difference between a solar and sidereal"year":

新模型不要求提出一个理由来解释太阳和恒星""(轨道弯曲)之间的差别,也不要求提出另一个完全不同的理由来解释太阳和恒星""之间的差别:

The sidereal year is 360 degrees plus precession due to the Sun's motion

由于太阳的运动,恒星年是360度加岁差

The sidereal year realigns with the same stars of a year ago,20 minutes later than an equinoctial year(50.24 arc seconds),only because the solar system has curved through space by 50.24 arc seconds,along it's binary orbit.

恒星年与一年前的恒星重新排列在一起,比赤道年(50.24弧秒)晚了20分钟,这仅仅是因为太阳系沿着它的双星轨道在太空中弯曲了50.24弧秒。

Just like the delta between a sidereal day and a solar day,the delta between a sidereal year and solar year is also due to curvature of an orbit.The"day"delta is due to curvature of the Earth around the Sun.The"year"delta is due to curvature of the Sun around its binary center of mass.

就像恒星日和太阳日之间的差值一样,恒星年和太阳年之间的差值也是由轨道弯曲造成的。""三角洲是由于地球围绕太阳的曲率。""三角洲是由于太阳在其双星质心周围的曲率。

Many others are on board with the binary theory.These scientists show a number of equations showing that theoretical lunisolar effects do not correspond with the Earth's actual rotations,the other is a paper by the Italian scientist,Carlo Santagata,who has written an extensive treatise on where Newton and his successors miscalculated certain inputs of the lunisolar precession equations.Our role is not to confirm or deny the workings of lunisolar theory but rather to put forth a new model that solves current solar system enigmas in a simplified manner.

还有许多人同意二元理论。这些科学家展示了一些方程式,表明理论上的月球效应与地球的实际旋转不符,另一个是意大利科学家卡洛·桑塔加塔的论文,他写了一篇广泛的论文,论述牛顿和他的继任者在哪里错误地计算了月球进动方程式的某些输入。我们的角色不是确认或否认月亮孤立星理论的工作,而是提出一个新的模型,以简化的方式解决目前太阳系的谜团。

The binary model is a simpler,more logical model for explaining the mechanics of our solar system and the motions of the Earth.

双星模型是一个更简单,更符合逻辑的模型,用来解释太阳系的机制和地球的运动。

来源:

https://endgametime.wordpress.com/understanding-precession-of-the-equinox/

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  • 本文由 发表于 2019年12月1日14:30:24
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    • kainin kainin 4

      最近灵性方面的好少更新~