土耳其加入俄罗斯用卢布替代 SWIFT

2019年10月10日08:37:55土耳其加入俄罗斯用卢布替代 SWIFT已关闭评论 373 3117字阅读10分23秒
摘要

在过去几年多次发出警告之后,土耳其和俄罗斯签署了一项协议,增加在跨境支付中使用卢布和里拉,土耳其签署了俄罗斯的 SWIFT 协议,SWIFT 是世界各地银行和央行使用的国际电信协议。

After repeated warnings over the past couple of years,Turkey and Russia have signed a pact to increase use of the ruble and lira in cross-border payments,with Turkey signing on to Russia's alternative to SWIFT,the international telecommunications protocol used by banks and central banks the world over.

在过去几年多次发出警告之后,土耳其俄罗斯签署了一项协议,增加在跨境支付中使用卢布和里拉,土耳其签署了俄罗斯的 SWIFT 协议,SWIFT 是世界各地银行和央行使用的国际电信协议。

Though SWIFT is an international cooperative owned by its members,with more than 10,000 banks worldwide relying on its system for handling sizable inter-bank transactions,the safety of the network was brought into question after a series of cyberattacks in 2015 and 2016 resulted in the theft of$101 million from the Central Bank of Bangladesh.

环球银行金融电信协会是一个由其成员拥有的国际合作社,全世界有1万多家银行依靠其系统处理大规模的银行间交易,但在2015年和2016年一系列网络攻击导致孟加拉国中央银行被盗1.01亿美元之后,该网络的安全性受到了质疑。

For the first time since SWIFT's laucnh,the hacks stoked doubts about the system's safety,and prompted many US rivals,including Russia,to ramp up work on their alternatives to SWIFT.

SWIFT laucnh 以来,黑客首次引发了人们对该系统安全性的怀疑,并促使包括俄罗斯在内的许多美国竞争对手加紧研究其 SWIFT 的替代品。


Erdogan and Putin

埃尔多安普京

In addition to Turkey,China and Russia have signed agreements to bolster trade between the two countries,including settling a larger percentage of their bilateral trade in rubles and renminbi.For China,bilateral trade with Russia grew from$69.6 billion in 2016 to$107.1 billion last year.China is Russia's biggest partner for imports and exports.

除了土耳其,中国和俄罗斯还签署了促进两国贸易的协议,其中包括以卢布和人民币结算更大比例的双边贸易。对中国来说,与俄罗斯的双边贸易额从2016年的696亿美元增长到去年的1071亿美元。中国是俄罗斯最大的进出口伙伴。

There has also been talk about India joining Russia's SWIFT alternative as Washington continues to threaten New Delhi with sanctions over its decision to purchase Russian-made missile-defense systems.

在华盛顿继续威胁新德里,要对其购买俄罗斯制造的导弹防御系统的决定进行制裁之际,也有人在谈论印度加入俄罗斯的 SWIFT 系统。

According to Reuters,Russian Finance Minister Anton Siluanov signed the agreement with Ankara on Tuesday.The agreement,signed on Oct.4,will encourage the two countries to start using Russia's system in mutual settlements.

据路透社报道,俄罗斯财政部长安东·西卢阿诺夫周二与安卡拉签署了这份协议。该协议于104日签署,将鼓励两国开始在共同解决方案中使用俄罗斯的系统。

The agreement envisions Turkish banks and companies becoming connected to the Russian version of the SWIFT payment system,while enhancing the infrastructure in Turkey to allow Russian MIR cards,designed by Moscow as alternative to MasterCard and VISA,to work.

根据协议,土耳其的银行和公司将与俄罗斯版的 SWIFT 支付系统建立联系,同时加强土耳其的基础设施,使莫斯科设计的俄罗斯 MIR 卡可以替代万事达卡和 VISA 卡。

Though President Trump on Tuesday reiterated his love and respect for Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan,it's worth remembering President Putin's warning about the potential ramifications of American sanctions, which risk undermining the dollar's dominance of the global financial system by driving more countries to use alternatives to SWIFT.

尽管特朗普总统在周二重申了他对土耳其总统雷杰普·塔伊普·埃尔多安(Recep Tayyip Erdogan)的爱和尊重,但值得记住的是,普京总统就美国制裁的潜在影响发出了警告。这些制裁可能会推动更多国家使用 SWIFT 以外的货币,从而破坏美元在全。

For example,President Trump's sanctions against Iran prompted Washington's European Union allies to try and launch their own SWIFT alternative to make payments to Iran.

例如,特朗普总统对伊朗的制裁促使华盛顿的欧盟盟友尝试推出自己的 SWIFT 替代方案,向伊朗付款。

As Putin warned,American sanctions against Russia are a"colossal strategic mistake" and eventually risk undermining the dollar-based hegemony of the global financial system.

正如普京警告的那样,美国对俄罗斯的制裁是一个"巨大的战略错误",最终有可能破坏全球金融体系以美元为基础的霸权。

来源:

https://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/turkey-joins-russias-ruble-based-alternative-swift

  • 本文由 发表于 2019年10月10日08:37:55
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