南卡罗来纳州法定货币法案将金银视为货币

2019年11月29日11:34:11南卡罗来纳州法定货币法案将金银视为货币已关闭评论 6655658字阅读18分51秒
摘要

南卡罗来纳州众议院预先提出的一项法案将使金银币成为该州的法定货币。该法案的通过将使南卡罗来纳州的货币竞争更进一步,并削弱美联储对货币的垄断。

A bill prefiled in the South Carolina House would make gold and silver coins legal tender in the state.Passage of this bill would take a step toward creating currency competition in South Carolina and undermine the Federal Reserve's monopoly on money.

南卡罗来纳州众议院预先提出的一项法案将使金银币成为该州的法定货币。该法案的通过将使南卡罗来纳州的货币竞争更进一步,并削弱美联储对货币的垄断。

Rep.Stewart Jones filed House Bill 4678(H.4678)on Nov.20.Under the proposed law,"gold and silver coins minted foreign or domestic shall be legal tender in the State of South Carolina under the laws of this State.No person or other entity may compel another person or other entity to tender or accept gold or silver coin unless agreed upon by the parties."

众议员斯图尔特·琼斯在1120日提交了众议院4678号法案(h.4678)。根据拟议的法律,"铸造的外国或国内的金银币应根据本州法律成为南卡罗来纳州的法定货币。除非当事人双方同意,任何人或其他实体不得强迫他人或其他实体投标或接受金币或银币

南卡罗来纳州法定货币法案将金银视为货币

Practically speaking,this would allow South Carolina residents to use gold or silver coins to pay taxes and other debts owed to the state.In effect,it would put gold and silver on the same footing as Federal Reserve notes.

实际上,这将允许南卡罗来纳州居民使用金币或银币来支付税款和其他欠州的债务。实际上,它将把金银置于与美联储票据同等的地位。

The phrase,"unless agreed upon by the parties"has important legal ramifications.This wording reaffirms the court's ability,and constitutional responsibility according to Article I,Section 10,to require specific performance when enforcing such contracts.If voluntary parties agree to be paid,or to pay,in gold and silver coin,South Carolina courts could not substitute any other thing,e.g.Federal Reserve Notes,as payment.

"除非当事人同意"一语具有重要的法律后果。这一措辞重申了法院的能力和宪法责任,根据第一条,第10节,要求具体履行时,执行这些合同。如果自愿当事人同意以金银币支付或支付,南卡罗来纳州法院不能以其他任何东西代替支付,例如联邦储备券。

South Carolina could become the fourth state to recognize gold and silver as legal tender.Utah led the way,reestablishing constitutional money in 2011.Wyoming and Oklahoma have since joined.

南卡罗来纳州可能成为第四个承认金银为法定货币的州。犹他州率先在2011年重建宪法货币体系。怀俄明州和俄克拉荷马州也加入了这一行列。

The effect has been most dramatic in Utah where United Precious Metals Association(UMPA)was established after the passage of the Utah Specie Legal Tender Act and the elimination of all taxes on gold and silver.UPMA offers accounts denominated in U.S.minted gold and silver dollars.The company also recently released the"Utah Goldback."UPMA describes it as"the first local,voluntary currency to be made of a spendable,beautiful,physical gold."

这种影响在犹他州最为显著,在犹他州通过了《犹他州法定货币法案》并取消了对黄金和白银的所有税收之后,联合贵金属协会(UMPA)成立了。Upma 提供以美元计价的金银帐户。该公司最近还发布了"犹他金背"Upma 将其描述为"第一种由可支配的、美丽的实物黄金制成的当地自愿货币。"

South Carolina has already repealed the sales tax on gold and silver.That removed one barrier to using gold and silver in everyday transactions.Capital gains taxes are still imposed on gold and silver for state income tax purposes.After establishing gold and silver as legal tender,South Carolina should repeal the capital gains tax to completely open the door to using it as money.

南卡罗来纳州已经废除了黄金和白银的销售税。这消除了在日常交易中使用黄金和白银的一个障碍。出于国家所得税的目的,对黄金和白银仍然征收资本利得税。在确立金银作为法定货币之后,南卡罗来纳州应该废除资本利得税,以彻底打开将其用作货币的大门。

As the Sound Money Defence League explains,"Practically speaking,state laws that recognize gold and silver as money restore a government view of precious metals as the favored form of money–a currency rather than a piece of property or other asset.Using this logic,it would be inappropriate for a state to levy taxes when the precious metals are used or exchanged."

正如健全货币保护联盟解释的那样,"实际上,承认黄金和白银为货币的州法律恢复了政府将贵金属视为货币的最佳形式——一种货币,而不是一种财产或其他资产。按照这种逻辑,一个国家在使用或交换贵金属时征税是不合适的。"

Background

背景

The United States Constitution states in Article I,Section 10,"No State shall…make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts."Currently,all debts and taxes in South Carolina are either paid with Federal Reserve Notes(dollars)which were authorized as legal tender by Congress or with coins issued by the U.S.Treasury—very few of which have gold or silver in them.

美国宪法第一条第十款规定:"除金银币外,任何国家不得将任何东西作为偿还债务的货币。"目前,南卡罗来纳州的所有债务和税收要么使用国会授权为法定货币的美元,要么使用美国财政部发行的硬币——其中很少有金币或银币。

Passage of H.4678 would reestablish gold and silver as legal tender in the state and take a step toward that constitutional requirement,ignored for decades in every state.It would also begin the process of abolishing the Federal Reserve system by attacking it from the bottom up–pulling the rug out from under it by working to make its functions irrelevant at the state and local levels,and setting the stage to undermine the Federal Reserve monopoly by introducing competition into the monetary system.

H.4678的通过将重新使金银成为该州的法定货币,并朝着宪法要求迈进了一步,而这一要求几十年来一直被各州所忽视。它还将启动废除美联储体系的进程,从下往上攻击它——通过努力使其职能在州和地方各级失去意义,从而破坏其根基,并通过在货币体系中引入竞争,为破坏美联储的垄断创造条件。

南卡罗来纳州法定货币法案将金银视为货币

Constitutional tender expert Professor William Greene said when people in multiple states actually start using gold and silver instead of Federal Reserve Notes,it would effectively nullify the Federal Reserve and end the federal government's monopoly on money.

宪法投标专家威廉·格林教授说,当多个州的人们实际上开始使用黄金和白银而不是联邦储备券时,这将有效地取消联邦储备系统,结束联邦政府对货币的垄断。

"Over time,as residents of the state use both Federal Reserve notes and silver and gold coins,the fact that the coins hold their value more than Federal Reserve notes do will lead to a"reverse Gresham's Law"effect,where good money(gold and silver coins)will drive out bad money(Federal Reserve notes).As this happens,a cascade of events can begin to occur,including the flow of real wealth toward the state's treasury,an influx of banking business from outside of the state–as people in other states carry out their desire to bank with sound money–and an eventual outcry against the use of Federal Reserve notes for any transactions."

"随着时间的推移,随着该州居民同时使用美联储纸币以及银币和金币,硬币的价值高于美联储纸币的事实将导致"逆格雷欣法则"(reverse Gresham's Law)效应,即良币(金币和银币)将驱逐不良货币(美联储纸币)。随着这种情况的发生,一连串的事件可能开始发生,包括真正的财富流向国库,银行业务从州外流入——其他州的人们为了实现他们用健全货币存钱的愿望——以及最终反对在任何交易中使用美联储纸币。"

Once things get to that point,Federal Reserve notes would become largely unwanted and irrelevant for ordinary people.Nullifying the Fed on a state by state level is what will get us there.

一旦事情发展到那个地步,美联储发行的纸币对于普通人来说就会变得多余和无关紧要。在各州层面上废除美联储将使我们达到这一目标。

What's Next

下一步是什么

H.4678 will be officially introduced and referred to the House Judiciary Committee when the regular session adjourns on Jan.13,2020.It will have to pass committee by a majority vote before moving forward in the legislative process.

H.4678将于2020113日正式提交众议院司法委员会休会。在立法进程向前推进之前,它必须以多数票通过委员会的表决。

来源:

https://www.zerohedge.com/economics/south-carolina-legal-tender-act-would-treat-gold-silver-money

zhunbeizhuanbian
  • 本文由 发表于 2019年11月29日11:34:11
  • 除非特殊声明,本站文章均来自网络,转载请务必保留本文链接