The US Navy has for the second time in a year intervened to support a patent application for an exotic propulsion system technology lodged by one of its employees,Dr.Salvator Pais,which had been rejected by the US Patent and Trademark Office.The Drive's Brett Tingley comprehensively examines many details of Dr.Pais'proposed invention,and why the Navy has intervened to support two of his applications.
美国海军一年内第二次介入，支持其雇员萨尔瓦托·派斯博士(dr.Salvator Pais)提出的一项外来推进系统技术的专利申请，该申请已被美国专利与商标局(Patent and Trademark Office)驳回。The Drive 的 Brett Tingley 全面地研究了 Pais 博士提出的发明的许多细节，以及为什么海军干预支持他的两个申请。
The first time the Navy intervened concerned Dr.Pais'patent application for a"Hybrid Aerospace-Underwater Craft"(HUAC),which would generate a quantum vacuum(electromagnetic bubble)around the craft enabling it to move through air and water at tremendous velocities.Here's how Tingley summarized the HUAC's capabilities:
第一次海军干预涉及 Pais 博士的"混合航空航天-水下飞行器"(HUAC)的专利申请，这将在飞行器周围产生一个量子真空(电磁泡)，使其能够在空气和水中以惊人的速度移动。下面是汀利对 HUAC 能力的总结:
In the Navy's patent application for the HUAC,it's claimed that the radical abilities of propulsion and maneuverability are made possible thanks to an incredibly powerful electromagnetic field that essentially creates a quantum vacuum around itself that allows it to ignore aerodynamic or hydrodynamic forces and remove its own inertial mass from the equation.Thus,the ability to generate such high-frequency electromagnetic waves is key to the alleged abilities of this theoretical hybrid craft that can soar near effortlessly through air and water at incredible speeds with little to no resistance or inertia.
在美国海军为 HUAC 申请的专利中，它声称推进和机动性的基本能力之所以成为可能，要归功于一个难以置信的强大电磁场，它在自身周围创造了一个量子真空，使其能够忽略空气动力或流体动力，并从方程式中去除自身的惯性质量。因此，产生这种高频电磁波的能力是这种理论上的混合飞行器所谓能力的关键，这种飞行器可以毫不费力地在空气和水中以难以置信的速度飞行，几乎没有阻力或惯性。
The HUAC application was rejected on November 28,2017 until the Navy's Chief Technical Officer of the Naval Aviation Enterprise,James Sheehy,intervened on behalf of Dr.Pais,which I discussed in a previous article.The patent was eventually granted a year later on 12/4/2018.
2017年11月28日，HUAC 的申请被拒绝，直到海军航空企业的首席技术官 James Sheehy 代表 Pais 博士进行干预，我在之前的文章中已经讨论过这个问题。这项专利最终在一年后的2018年4月12日获得批准。
However,another of Pais revolutionary patent applications,for a "Piezoelectricity-induced Room Temperature Superconductor" was also initially rejected by the patent examiner as explained by Tingley:
Nevertheless,Pais'room temperature superconductor patent was rejected under 35 U.S.C.101 because the examiner determined"the disclosed invention is inoperative and therefore lacks utility"and that"no assertions of room-temperature superconductivity have currently been recognized or verified by the scientific community.".That code states that patents will be granted only for"any new and useful process,machine,manufacture,or composition of matter,or any new and useful improvement thereof."
According to the Manual of Patent Examining Procedure(MPEP)code 2164.07,patents are rejected on these grounds in cases"when the examiner concludes that an application claims an invention that is non-useful,inoperative,or contradicts known scientific principles."
Once again,Dr.Sheehy intervened and on 11/27/2018 wrote a letter to the patent examiner where he stated:
I am familiar with the above referenced patent application(and related amendment),as well as the development,usage and properties of the piezoelectricity-induced room temperature superconductor.That as a result of my education and career,I am regarded as a subject matter expert and can be considered"a person of ordinary skill in the art"in the subject matter of the above patent application.
That the invention described in the above referenced patent application is operable and enabled via the physics described in the patent application and the peered reviewed paper described in the Inventor Amendment.
A slide from Pais'2019 presentation"Room Temperature Superconducting System for use on a Hybrid Aerospace-Undersea Craft."Source:Brett Tingley
Pais 2019年演讲的幻灯片"用于航空航天-海底飞行器的室温超导系统"来源:Brett Tingley
Sheehy's reference to the patent application as"operable and enabled"is highly significant,as observed by Tingley:
At the heart of these questions is the term"operable."In most patent applications,applicants must assert proof of a patent's or invention's"enablement,"or the extent to which a patent is described in such a way that any person who is familiar with similar technologies or techniques would be able to understand it,and theoretically reproduce it.
However,in these patent documents,the inventor Salvatore Pais,Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division's(NAWCAD)patent attorney Mark O.Glut,and the U.S.Naval Aviation Enterprise's Chief Technology Officer Dr.James Sheehy,all assert that these inventions are not only enabled,but operable.
In short,Pais and his employer are claiming his inventions actually work.In addition to Sheehy's letter of support,a letter was also written on behalf of Pais by his patent attorney Mark Glut who emphasized the room temperature superconductor invention was both"operable and enabled".
简而言之，佩斯和他的雇主声称他的发明实际上是有效的。除了 Sheehy 的支持信，他的专利律师 Mark Glut 也代表 Pais 写了一封信，强调室温超导体发明既可操作又可实现。
On June 6,2019,Pais and Glut had a telephone interview with the rejecting Patent Examiner,Paul Wartalowicz.Tingley discovered through Freedom of Information Act requests that the appeal to overturn the latest rejection is ongoing.
2019年6月6日，Pais 和 Glut 接受了专利审查员 Paul Wartalowicz 的电话采访。廷格利通过《信息自由法案》发现，推翻最近一次拒绝的上诉仍在进行中。
In addition to the HUAC discussed earlier,another successful patent is the"The High Energy Electromagnetic Field Generator(HEEMFG)"which is essentially an electromagnetic forcefield.The patent's significance was explained by Tingley:
除了 HUAC 之前讨论过的，另一个成功的专利是"高能电磁场发生器(HEEMFG)"，它本质上是一个电磁力场。汀利解释了这项专利的重要性:
In the patent for the HEEMFG,the technology is described as being able to create what is essentially a force field straight out of science fiction,one that could generate"an impenetrable defensive shield to sea and land as well as space-based military and civilian assets,protecting these assets from such threats as Anti-Ship Ballistic Missiles,Radar Evading Cruise Missiles,Top Attack for Main Battle Tanks(land and sea-based systems),as well as counteracting the effects of solar-induced Coronal Mass Ejections or defending critical military satellites in an ASAT[anti-satellite]role(space based system).
在 HEEMFG 的专利中，这项技术被描述为能够创造一个直接来自科幻小说的力场，一个能够产生"一个不可穿透的海洋、陆地以及空间军事和民用资产的防御屏障，保护这些资产免受反舰弹道导弹、雷达规避巡航导弹、主战坦克顶部攻击(陆基和海基系统)等威胁，以及抵消太阳引起的日冕物质抛射的影响或在反卫星系统(空间系统)中保护关键军事卫星。
The similarity to Nikola Tesla's electromagnetic shield is striking.Back in the 1930's,Tesla proposed an electromagnetic shield based on scalar waves,explained as follows:
Scalar Waves can be warped into a dome around objects,such as cities or houses(publishing companies included).Such a Scalar Wave force field is generally known as a Tesla Shield,and it would be analogous to the"shields"referred to in the popular"Star Trek"series.Tesla Shields have a definite defensive application,and could not in any way be used for offensive purposes(although a platoon of soldiers charging into a Tesla Shield would be instantly disintegrated).The only defense from a blast of a Scalar Wave Howitzer would be a Tesla Shield.
Tesla Shield.Illustration by Hal Crawford
In sum,there are three patents that have been successfully awarded so far to Pais where the Secretary of the Navy is the assignee.In chronological order,these are the HEEMFG shield whose full title is the"Electromagnetic Field Generator and method to generate an Electromagnetic Field"(granted 11/20/2018.a"Craft using an inertial mass reduction device"(granted 12/4/2018),and the"High Frequency Gravitational Wave Generator"(granted 06/18/2019).
总而言之，到目前为止已经有三项专利被成功授予 Pais 海军部长为受托人。按照时间顺序，这些是 HEEMFG 盾牌，其完整标题是"电磁场生成器和生成电磁场的方法"(授予2018年11月20日)。A"使用惯性质量减少装置的飞行器"(授予2018年4月12日)和"高频引力波发生器"(授予2019年6月18日)。
To date,the patents granted to Pais have met with considerable scientific skepticism.Tingley interviewed Dr.Mark Gubrud,a physicist at the University of North Carolina,who said the following about the room temperature superconductor patent application:
到目前为止，Pais 获得的专利科学怀疑论相当可观。汀利采访了北卡罗来纳大学教堂山分校的物理学家 Mark Gubrud 博士，他对室温超导体专利申请说了以下几点:
Pais's patents flow as an intimidating river of mumbo-jumbo that most trained physicists would recognize as nonsense,although many might simply disengage in confusion,and there are always some who might even be credulous.Of what,however,is hard to say,as it is not really clear what Pais is even claiming,apart from the room-temperature superconductor which,if it were true,would be huge news.
Pais deploys fairly sophisticated babble to make this sound plausible to those who know what real physics sounds like,but don't understand much of it.Which is likely to include most patent examiners,journalists,and Pais's own enablers in the Navy.
In bringing his article to a close,Tingley reached the following conclusion:
If the Navy has indeed managed to develop operable room temperature superconductors and electromagnetic force fields,these technologies would revolutionize warfare in ways not seen in centuries,or maybe even ever,not to mention leading to paradigm changes in civilian technology.Yet the largest question remains:if the Navy indeed possesses these technologies,or even thinks they are obtainable in the near term,why make the patents public?
Tingley ponders a number of possibilities including Pais'patent applications being part of a sophisticated Navy disinformation campaign to throw China and other US military competitors off the track.
Among these possibilities,is one that is close to the truth based on my research into US Navy and Air Force Secret Space Programs which have been documented in two books respectively available hereand here.
It's also at least worth considering that some breakthroughs in highly exotic propulsion might have been made and that the Navy is willing to invest big bucks into seeing them progress further.Maybe those advances happened many years ago and only now is the Pentagon willing to slowly disclose them.
This is precisely what I believe is happening with Pais'patent applications.The US Navy is letting the world know about technologies that have been secretly researched and developed decades ago,and put into operation in classified space programs.
这正是我认为 Pais 的专利申请所发生的情况。美国海军正在让世界了解几十年前秘密研究和开发的技术，这些技术已经投入到保密的太空计划中。
This is the reason why Pais,Sheehy and Glut all assert that the room temperature superconductor(along with Pais'other inventions)is operable and enabled.We are being told the Navy has already developed these technologies in secret space programs,and it's time for conventional scientists to wake up to the truth and for commercial companies to start developing these technologies for the civilian aerospace industry.
这就是为什么 Pais，Sheehy 和 Glut 都断言室温超导体(连同 Pais 的其他发明)是可操作和可实现的原因。我们被告知，美国海军已经在秘密空间项目中开发了这些技术，现在是时候让传统科学家认清事实，让商业公司开始为民用航空航天工业开发这些技术了。