下一个大事件:来自空气的力量

2019年5月4日08:53:34下一个大事件:来自空气的力量已关闭评论 1.1K9618字阅读32分3秒
摘要

1752年,本杰明·富兰克林在一场雷暴中飞行的风筝标志着我们的普罗米修斯开始尝试从大气静电能中获取能量。自那时以来取得了相当大的进展,从20世纪初以来,空中发电的工业规模生产已经成为一个既成事实。然而,这项前景看好的技术在第一次世界大战之后就销声匿迹了,从那以后就一直处于沉睡状态


The 
 lightning bolts hurled at us by angry gods amply demonstrate the abundance of energy latent in the heavens.Lightning also introduced humans to fire.

这个愤怒的上帝向我们发出的闪电充分证明了天堂中蕴藏着丰富的能量。闪电也把人类引入了火中
Benjamin Franklin's legendary kite flight during a thunderstorm in 1752 marks the beginning of our Promethean attempts to draw power from atmospheric electrostatic(ES)energy.Considerable progress has been made since then,and the industrial scale production of electrical power from the sky has been an accomplished fact since the early 1900s.The promising technology fell dormant after World War One,however,and it has slept since then.

1752年,本杰明·富兰克林在一场雷暴中飞行的风筝标志着我们的普罗米修斯开始尝试从大气静电能中获取能量。自那时以来取得了相当大的进展,从20世纪初以来,空中发电的工业规模生产已经成为一个既成事实。然而,这项前景看好的技术在第一次世界大战之后就销声匿迹了,从那以后就一直处于沉睡状态

Atmospheric electricity offers several advantages over other energy sources;the technology is simple and robust,costs less than wind or solar power,and it is available anywhere anytime.Earth is an electrostatic generator--the atmosphere is positively charged relative to the negatively polarized Earth.The system generates approximately 3 x 10^-16 Amperes/sq.cm.(1500 Amperes for the entire Earth).

与其他能源相比,大气电提供了一些优势;这项技术简单而强大,成本低于风能或太阳能,而且随时随地都可以使用。地球是一个静电发电机----相对于地球的负极化,大气是带正电的。该系统产生大约3 x 10^-16安培/平方厘米。(整个地球的1500安培)

Andor Palenscar

帕伦斯卡

Andor Palenscar's"Apparatus for Collecting Atmospheric Electricity"included a novel motor to utilize the ES energy,described in US patent US674427,granted in 1901:Andor Palenscar "收集大气电力的装置"包括一个新型发动机来利用 ES 能量,美国专利 US6744271901年授予:

下一个大事件:来自空气的力量



Walter Pennock

沃尔特·彭诺克

Walter Pennock developed an aerial energy collector,for which he was granted US patent US911260 in 1909 and US1014719 in 1912.

沃尔特·潘诺克开发了一种空中能量收集器,并于1909年获得美国 US911260专利,1912年获得 US1014719专利


下一个大事件:来自空气的力量


Jules Guillot

朱尔斯·吉尔洛

The Atmospheric Electric Siphon invented by Jules Guillot in the 1920s generated about 2.5-3 kilowatts with antenna height of~20 meters.The power depends on the total collector surface and height of the vertical antenna.A tabletop apparatus with only a 2 meter tall collector produced~300 watts.朱尔斯·吉洛于20世纪20年代发明的大气电虹吸管产生约2.5-3千瓦的电能,天线高度约20米。功率取决于总集电极表面和垂直天线的高度。一个只有2米高的收集器的桌面设备产生约300瓦特

The great promise of Guillot's device was reported in 吉洛设备的巨大潜力在年被报道出来The Invention Encyclopedia 发明百科全书(1930,edited by the eminent engineer George Constantinescu):(1930年,著名工程师乔治·康斯坦丁内斯库编辑):

"The capture of atmosphere electricity has been used in France,with aerial cables mounted on the Mont Blanc,and also in Germany---with conductive cables carried by the captive balloons."

捕捉大气中的电流在法国得到了应用,在勃朗峰上架设了空中电缆,在德国也是如此——系留气球携带了导电电缆

"The atmosphere electricity collect system invented by eng.Jules Guillot is most ingenious and it relies on"the electric siphon".His method consisted in the direct"pumping"of the atmosphere electricity using a collecting device which had two antennae and several collecting rods."

大气电收集系统是由工程师发明的。朱尔斯·吉尔洛最有独创性,他依靠的是"电虹吸管"。他的方法是用一个有两个天线和几个收集棒的收集装置直接""大气电

"One antenna is vertical and it has a lot of rods scattered like an opened fan,with the tips against the zenith,for collecting the negative electricity which comes from the air;the horizontal antenna is orientated against the South and its role is to collect the positive electricity:"

其中一根天线是垂直的,有许多棒状分散在各处,就像一个打开的风扇,顶端对着天顶,用于收集来自空气的负电;水平天线朝向南方,其作用是收集正电:

"Guillot used two separated and insulated armatures with the positive armature against the South(more precisely,against the Equator...)and the negative armature against the zenith...Also,J.Guillot used an electrical transformer for the industrial utilization of this collector as power supply for industrial electric engines."

吉洛使用了两个分开的绝缘电枢,正电枢对着南方(更准确地说,是对着赤道...),负电枢对着天顶......此外,吉洛还使用了一个电气变压器,作为工业电机的电源


下一个大事件:来自空气的力量

The electric siphons produce a magnetic field and absorb the aerial electricity.A Ruhmkorff induction coil is used to jump-start the system.Guillot received three French Patents for his"Apparatus for Capture of Atmospheric Electric Currents with Immediate Implementation"(FR551882,FR565395,and FR551882)

电虹吸管产生磁场并吸收空中的电能。采用鲁姆科尔夫感应线圈对系统进行快速启动。吉洛的《捕捉大气电流的设备及其立即实施》(FR551882FR565395 FR551882)获得了三项法国专利

Hermann Plauson

赫尔曼·普劳森

The Estonian Hermann Plauson was director of the Fischer-Tropsch Laboratories in Hamburg,Germany during the 1910s and 20s,.He thoroughly investigated atmospheric electricity and constructed practical apparatus to utilize it.His book"爱沙尼亚的赫尔曼·普劳森在1910年代和20年代是德国汉堡费希尔-特罗普希实验室的主任。他深入研究了大气电,并构造了利用大气电的实用装置。他的书Gewinnung und Verwertung der Atmosphärischen Elektrizität 大气污染电气设备的改造与维护"(1920)provides a detailed explanation of the technology.(1920)提供了一个技术的详细说明

Hugo Gernsbach presented the invnetion in 雨果·格恩斯巴赫在年提出了这项发明Science&Invention 科学与发明 magazine(March 1922,June 1928).He noted that the system was"actually in use small power plants,that generate electricity direct from the air,day and night,without interruption at practically no cost,once the plant is constructed."杂志(19223月,19286)。他指出,该系统"实际上是在使用小型发电厂,这些发电厂一旦建成,日夜直接从空气中发电,几乎没有中断,几乎没有成本。"

"Herr Plauson found in his experiments that a single balloon sent aloft to a height of 300 yards gave a constant current at 400 volts of 1.8 amperes,or in 24 hours over 17-1/4 kilowatts!By using two balloons in connection with a special condenser battery,the power obtained was 81-1/2 kilowatts in 24 hours.The actual current delivered was 6.8 amperes at 500 volts."

普劳森先生在他的实验中发现,一个被送到300码高空的单个气球在400伏特1.8安培的电压下产生恒定电流,或者在24小时内产生超过17-1/4千瓦的电流!用两个气球连接一个特殊的电容电池,24小时内获得81-1/2千瓦的电能。实际输出的电流在500伏时是6.8安培

"The best balloons...are made of thin aluminum leaf,filled with helium...The surface is dotted with electrolytically sharpened pins amalgamated with zinc,and a pinch of radium salt to further ionize the air.By dotting the balloon with photoelectric zinc or polonium amalgam,the amount of electricity can be greatly increased."

下一个大事件:来自空气的力量

One hundred balloons,100 yards apart,will generate at least 200 horsepower,up to 400 during winter.Plauson used batteries of condensers and high voltage transformers to light lamps,run motors and charge batteries,etc.He also invented an electrostatic rotary transformer to produce alternating current.The system literally sucks electricity from the collector balloons.The balloons also act as lightning arresters and quickly discharge thunder clouds.100个气球,相距100码,将产生至少200马力,在冬季可达400马力。普劳森公司生产的电容器电池和高压变压器电池用于照明灯具、电动机和充电电池等。他还发明了一种静电旋转变压器来生产交流电。这个系统实际上是从收集气球中吸取电力。这些气球还起到避雷器的作用,可以迅速放出雷雨云

"There is no doubt that this invention will soon come into universal use all over the world.We will see the land dotted with captive balloons,particularly in the country and wherever water power does not abound.Indeed,the time is not distant when nearly all of our power will be derived from the atmosphere.So far it seems to be the cheapest form of power known...safely extracting several kilowatts of electrical power from the atmosphere with metallic surfaced balloons,elevated to a height of only 1000 feet."

毫无疑问,这项发明将很快在全世界普遍使用。我们将看到这片土地上点缀着系留气球,特别是在这个国家,以及那些水力资源不丰富的地方。事实上,我们的力量几乎全部来自大气层的时间并不遥远。到目前为止,它似乎是已知的最便宜的能源形式......利用金属表面的气球,安全地从大气中提取几千瓦的电力,提升到只有1000英尺的高度

"German patents show the use of a kite balloon from which hangs a metal net to collect electricity.The tether-conductor leads to a windlass.The patents claim that at a height of one mile 225,000 volts will be available.Plauson proposed the construction of insulated towers about 1000 feet high to support the aerials...[H]e carried out experiments with a balloon made of aluminum leaf with collecting needles of amalgamated zinc with a radium preparation as an ionizer.The surface of the balloon was sprinkled over with zinc amalgam.It was sent up to a height of 300 meters,early 1,000 feet,and was held by a copper-plated steel wire.A constant current of 1.8 amperes at an average of 400 volts potential difference was obtained.This gave nearly three-quarters of a kilowatt,or close to one horsepower.The collector of the balloon insulated from the earth showed a tension of 42,000 volts.By sending up a second balloon with an antenna to the same height at a distance of 100 meters from the first balloon,a current of over 3 amperes was obtained.Then by putting into the circuit a large condenser,whose capacity was equal to the surface capacity of both balloons,and of the antenna connections,the current rose to 6.8 amperes with about 500 volts mean tension.By the use of these two balloons,he eventually ran up the power to 3.4 kilowatts."

"德国的专利显示了风筝气球的使用,气球上悬挂着一个金属网来收集电能。缆索导体通向起锚机。这些专利声称在一英里的高度可以使用225,000伏电压。普劳森建议建造大约1000英尺高的绝缘塔来支撑天线...[h]e 进行了实验,用铝叶制成的气球和汞齐锌制成的集合针以及镭制剂作为离子发生器。气球表面撒上了锌汞合金。它被送到300米的高度,早在1000英尺,并由一个镀铜钢丝举行。在平均400伏电位差的情况下,得到了1.8安培的恒流。这样就产生了将近四分之三的千瓦,或接近一马力。与地面隔绝的气球的收集器显示出42,000伏的电压。通过在距离第一个气球100米处发射第二个带有天线的气球到相同高度,获得了超过3安培的电流。然后,通过在电路中加入一个大的电容器,其容量等于两个气球和天线连接的表面容量,电流上升到6.8安培,平均电压约为500伏。通过使用这两个气球,他最终将功率提高到了3.4千瓦。"

Plauson also constructed a powerful industrial scale prototype of his collector in the Alps between two peaks,as illustrated(Click to enlarge):普劳森还在两座山峰之间的阿尔卑斯山建造了一个强大的工业规模的收藏者原型,如图所示(点击放大):

下一个大事件:来自空气的力量


He received several patents:US1540998(Conversion of Atmospheric Electricity),BP157262(Improvements in Electric Motors),BP157263(Process&Apparatus for Converting Static Atmospheric Electrical Energy into Dynamic Electrical Energy),etc.

他获得了几项专利:US1540998(大气电能的转换)BP157262(电动机的改进)BP157263(静态大气电能转换成动态电能的过程和设备)

There has been little progress in this field of research since then.自那时以来,这一研究领域几乎没有什么进展

Since 1997 Meridian International Research has been conducting experiments to convert atmospheric ES energy to usable power,further developing the ideas of Plauson,Oleg Jefimenko,and others.Their

1997年以来,Meridian 国际研究所一直在进行实验,将大气中的 ES 能量转化为可用的能量,进一步发展了 PlausonOleg Jefimenko 等人的想法。他们的website 网站(which has not been updated since 2005)states:(2005年以来一直没有更新)声明:

"From a low level(5m high)simple zinc antenna we are able to obtain sufficient charge to light a number of white power LEDs.Further experimental investigations with metallic aerostat collectors and cavity resonant slow wave antennae concepts are ongoing..."

"从一个低电平(5米高)简单的锌天线,我们能够获得足够的电荷,以点亮一些白色功率发光二极管。金属浮空器和谐振慢波天线的进一步实验研究正在进行中

Jules Guillot and Hermann Plauson proved that we can generate industrial levels of power from atmospheric ES energy,and Meridian International Research has shown that LEDs can be lit by a small antenna.

朱尔斯·吉洛和赫尔曼·普劳森证明了我们可以利用大气中的 ES 能量产生工业级别的能量

Somewhere between the two extremes there's a lot of money to be made...

在这两个极端之间的某个地方可以赚很多钱..

下一个大事件:来自空气的力量


About the Author:Robert A.Nelson 
关于作者:罗伯特·a·尼尔森is a 10th grade dropout with no credentials.He established

 是个没有证书的10年级辍学生。他建立了Rex Research in 1982 to archive information about suppressed,dormant and emerging technologies,sciences,inventions,therapies,and stuff.He persists..

.1982年,用于存档关于被抑制的、休眠的和新兴的技术、科学、发明、疗法和其他东西的信息。他坚持..

来源:http://rexresearch.com/atmosphelx/atmosphelxpower.html

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