道琼斯工业平均指数下跌800点,华尔街遭遇一年来最糟糕的一天

2019年8月15日09:50:17道琼斯工业平均指数下跌800点,华尔街遭遇一年来最糟糕的一天已关闭评论 657 3531字阅读11分46秒
摘要

美国股市周三遭受重创,创下今年以来最糟糕的一天,此前债券市场的走势显示出经济衰退即将到来的最明显迹象。
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Wall Street took a battering on Wednesday,suffering its worst day so far this year after movements in the bond market signaled the sharpest indication yet of an approaching recession.

美国股市周三遭受重创,创下今年以来最糟糕的一天,此前债券市场的走势显示出经济衰退即将到来的最明显迹象。

The Dow Jones Industrial Average,which had already shed 400 points at the opening bell,spent the day in freefall before closing with a decline of 800 points,a drop of over 3 percent.The S&P 500 closed down 2.93 percent,and the Nasdaq posted a decline of just over 3 percent.

纽约道琼斯工业平均指数交易所在开盘时已经下跌400点,在收盘前一整天处于自由落体状态,下跌了800点,跌幅超过3%。标准普尔500指数收盘下跌2.93%,纳斯达克指数下跌超过3%

The market selloff was the result of an inverted yield curve in government bonds,when the yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note falls below the 2-year rate—a phenomenon that has preceded every recession for the past 50 years.

市场抛售是政府债券收益率曲线倒置的结果,当时基准的10年期美国国债收益率跌至2年期利率以下——过去50年来,每次经济衰退之前都会出现这种现象。

..Spread is way too much as other countries say THANK YOU to clueless Jay Powell and the Federal Reserve.Germany,and many others,are playing the game!CRAZY INVERTED YIELD CURVE!We should easily be reaping big Rewards&Gains,but the Fed is holding us back.We will Win!

正如其他国家对毫无头绪的杰伊•鲍威尔(Jay Powell)美联储(fed)表示感谢一样,这种差距太大了。德国和其他许多国家正在玩这个游戏!疯狂的反向收益率曲线!我们应该很容易就能获得丰厚的回报和收益,但美联储却在拖我们的后腿。我们会赢!

President Donald Trump blamed the Federal Reserve for Wednesday's market plunge,calling Fed Chairman Jerome Powell"clueless"in an afternoon tweet.Trump has consistently lambasted Powell for not cutting rates at a faster pace,and has said"the stock market would be 10,000 points higher"if the Fed had followed a different strategy.

美国总统唐纳德·特朗普指责美联储应该为周三的市场暴跌负责,他在一条下午的推文中称美联储主席杰罗姆·鲍威尔是"愚蠢的"。特朗普一直抨击鲍威尔没有加快降息步伐,并表示,如果美联储采取不同的策略,"股市将上涨1万点"

"Spread is way too much as other countries say THANK YOU to clueless Jay Powell and Federal Reserve,"President Donald Trump tweeted on Wednesday afternoon."Germany,and many others,are playing the game!CRAZY INVERTED YIELD CURVE!We should easily be reaping big Rewards&Gains,but the Fed is holding us back.We will Win!"Trump added.

周三下午,美国总统唐纳德·特朗普在推特上写道:"其他国家对愚蠢的杰伊·鲍威尔(Jay Powell)和美联储(fed)说谢谢,传播太广泛了。""德国和许多其他国家正在玩这个游戏!疯狂的反向收益率曲线!我们应该可以轻易地获得丰厚的回报,但美联储却在拖我们的后腿。我们会赢的!"特朗普补充道。

The yield curve marks the difference between how much it costs to borrow over the short term versus the long term.Banks borrow money at a lower short-term rate and then offer those funds to borrowers at a higher rate.When that dynamic is thrown off,it means less profit for banks,leading to tighter lending—and that,in turn,means companies can put their spending plans on hold,freeze hiring,or even lead to layoffs.

收益率曲线标志着短期和长期借贷成本之间的差异。银行以较低的短期利率借入资金,然后以较高的利率向借款人提供这些资金。当这种动态被打破时,就意味着银行利润减少,导致贷款紧缩,而这反过来又意味着企业可能暂停支出计划,冻结招聘,甚至导致裁员。

While the time frame from yield curve inversion to recession can vary—it has taken anywhere from two to six quarters after an inversion for a recession to occur—all of the past recessions have been preceded by inversions of the yield curve.

虽然从收益率曲线倒置到衰退的时间框架可能不同ーー在经济衰退发生倒置之后的两个季度至六个季度之间ーー但过去所有衰退都是在收益率曲线倒置之前发生的。

"It's a dangerous and upsetting harbinger of the future of the economy,"said Dan North,chief economist at Euler Hermes North America, when the curve flattened out earlier this year."Typically,when the yield curve inverts for even a short period of time,we enter a recession about a year later,"he said.

欧拉爱马仕北美公司(Euler Hermes North America)首席经济学家丹诺斯(Dan North)在今年早些时候曲线趋于平稳时表示:"这是经济未来的一个危险而令人不安的预兆。"。他表示:"通常情况下,当收益率曲线反转,哪怕只是很短的一段时间,大约一年后我们就会进入衰退。"

New economic data released Wednesday showed sluggish growth in China and Germany,underscoring the effects of Trump's ongoing trade war,the unresolved crisis around Brexit,and other geopolitical tensions.

周三公布的最新经济数据显示,中国和德国经济增长乏力,突显出特朗普正在进行的贸易战、英国脱欧周边尚未解决的危机以及其他地缘政治紧张局势的影响。

来源:https://www.nbcnews.com/business/economy/wall-street-slides-inverted-yield-curve-rings-recession-alarm-bells-n1042211?fbclid=IwAR2LadhtDPBBXoPVcDOQITALOA2cvAeGlyfOt8bCoq-mbogydvPZlE4fYDU

  • 本文由 发表于 2019年8月15日09:50:17
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