什么是猎人的月亮?

2020年10月30日11:58:38什么是猎人的月亮?已关闭评论 702 6291字阅读20分58秒
摘要

因为也是在这个时候(十月),人们仰望夜空将有机会看到所谓的猎人的月亮。猎人月亮是满月的一个微小变化,长期以来一直被认为是传统民间传说中的一个重要事件,也是天文学家感兴趣的主题。

什么是猎人的月亮?

If you live in the northern hemisphere,than stargazing during the early autumn months can a bit tricky.During certain times in these seasons,the stars,planets and Milky Way will be obscured by the presence of some very beautiful full moons.But if you're a fan of moongazing,then you're in luck.

如果你住在北半球,那么在初秋的几个月里观星可能会有点棘手。在这些季节的某些时候,恒星、行星和银河系会因为一些非常美丽的满月的出现而变得模糊。但是如果你是月光的粉丝,那么你很幸运。

Because it is also around this time(the month of October)that people looking to the night sky will have the chance to see what is known as a Hunter's Moon.A slight variation on a full moon,the Hunter's Moon has long been regarded as a significant event in traditional folklore,and a subject of interest for astronomers.

因为也是在这个时候(十月),人们仰望夜空将有机会看到所谓的猎人的月亮。猎人月亮是满月的一个微小变化,长期以来一直被认为是传统民间传说中的一个重要事件,也是天文学家感兴趣的主题。

Definition:

定义:

Also known as a sanguine or"blood"moon,the term"Hunters Moon"is used traditionally to refer to a full moon that appears during the month of October.It is preceded by the appearance of a"Harvest Moon",which is the full moon closest to the autumnal equinox(which falls on the 22nd or 23rd of September).

也被称为血月或""月亮,"猎人月亮"这个术语传统上用来指出现在十月的满月。在它之前出现了一个"收获之月",这是离九月分点最近的满月(落在22号或者923)

The Hunter's Moon typically appears in October,except once every four years when it doesn't appear until November.The name dates back to the First Nations of North America.It is so-called because it was during the month of October,when the deers had fatted themselves over the course of the summer,that hunters tracked and killed prey by autumn moonlight,stockpiling food for the coming winter.

猎人的月亮通常在十月出现,除了每四年出现一次,直到十一月才出现。这个名字可以追溯到北美洲的第一民族。之所以这样称呼,是因为正是在十月份,那时鹿群在整个夏季都在长肥,猎人们在秋天的月光下追踪猎物并捕杀它们,为即将到来的冬天储备食物。

什么是猎人的月亮?

Full Moon Rising Over Northwest Georgia on June 22nd,2013.Credit and copyright:Stephen Rahn.2013年6月22日,格鲁吉亚西北部的满月升起

 

Characteristics:

特点:

Although typically the Moon rises 50 minutes later each day,things are different for the Hunter's Moon(as well as the Harvest Moon).Both of these moons usually rise 30 minutes later on each successive night,which means that sunset and moonrise are not far apart.

虽然月亮通常每天晚50分钟升起,但是猎人的月亮(以及蓝月亮的月亮)的情况不同。这两个月亮通常在每个连续的夜晚晚30分钟升起,这意味着日落和月出相隔不远。

This means there is prolonged periods of light during this time of the the year,which is the reason why these moons have traditionally been used by hunters and farmers to finish their work.

这意味着在一年中的这个时候会有很长的光照周期,这就是为什么这些卫星传统上被猎人和农民用来完成他们的工作。

This difference between the timing of the sunset and moonrise is due to its orbit,meaning that the angle the Moon makes with the horizon is narrower during this time of year.The Hunter's Moon is generally not bigger or brighter than any of the other full moons.Thus,the only difference between it and other full moons is the that the time between sunset and moonrise is shorter.

日落和月升的时间差异是由于它的轨道,这意味着月球与地平线的角度在一年中的这个时候是窄的。猎人的月亮通常并不比其他任何一个满月大或亮。因此,它与其他满月的唯一区别是日落和月出之间的时间较短。

History of Observation:

观察的历史:

Because the approach of winter signaled the possibility of going hungry in pre-Industrial times,the Hunter's Moon was generally accorded with special honor,historically serving as an important feast day in both northern Europe and among many Native American tribes.

因为冬天的到来预示着在工业化之前饥饿的可能性,猎人的月亮通常被赋予特殊的荣誉,历史上作为一个重要的节日,在北欧和许多美洲土著部落。

Traditionally,Native American hunters used the full moon of October to stalk deer and to spot foxes at night as they prepared for the coming winter.Because the fields were traditionally reaped in late September or early October,hunters could easily see foxes and other animals that came out to glean from the fallen grains.

传统上,美洲原住民猎人利用十月的满月跟踪鹿,并在夜间发现狐狸,为即将到来的冬天做准备。由于传统上农田是在九月末或十月初收割的,猎人们很容易就能看到狐狸和其他动物从落下的谷粒中采集食物。

The Hunter's Moon is accorded similar significance in Europe,where it was also seen as a prime time to hunt during the post-harvest,pre-winter period when conditions were optimal for spotting prey.However,the term did not enter into usage for Europeans until after they made contact with Indigenous Americans and began colonizing North America.

在欧洲,猎人的月亮也被赋予了类似的重要性,在那里,它也被视为收获后、冬季前期捕猎的黄金时间,那时的条件是发现猎物的最佳时机。然而,直到欧洲人与美洲原住民接触并开始在北美殖民之后,这个词才被欧洲人使用。

The first recorded mentions of a"Hunter's Moon"began in the early 18th century.The entry in the Oxford English Dictionary for"Hunter's Moon"cites a 1710 edition of The British Apollo,where the term is attributed to"the country people".The names are now referred to regularly by American sources,where they are often popularly attributed to"the Native Americans".

第一次有记载地提到"猎人的月亮"始于18世纪早期。牛津英语词典的《猎人的月亮》一词引用了1710年版的《英国的阿波罗》,该词被认为是"乡下人"。这些名字现在经常被美国的消息来源提及,在那里它们通常被认为是"美国美洲原住民"

In India,the harvest festival of Sharad Purnima,which marks the end of the monsoon season,is celebrated on the full moon day of the lunar month of Ashvin(September-October).There is a traditional celebration of the moon during this time that is known as the"Kaumudi"celebration–which translated,means"moonlight".

在印度,夏拉德普尼玛丰收节,标志着季风季节的结束,在 Ashvin 农历月的满月日(9月至10)庆祝。在这个时期有一个传统的月亮庆祝活动,被称为"考牧地"庆祝活动——翻译过来意思是"月光"

什么是猎人的月亮?

The harvest festival of Shrad Purnima is celebrated on the full moon day of the Hindu lunar month of Ashvin.Credit:dfwhindutemple.org  。Shrad Purnima的丰收节是在印度农历的阿什文月的满月日庆祝的。

 

Interesting Facts:

有趣的事实:

Sometimes,the Harvest Moon is mistaken for the Hunter's Moon because once every four years or so the Harvest Moon is in October instead of September.When that happens,the Hunter's Moon is in November.Traditionally,each month's full moon has been given a name,although these names differ according to the source.

有时候,蓝月亮被误认为是猎人的月亮,因为大约每四年一次的蓝月亮(电视剧)是在十月而不是九月。当这种情况发生时,猎人的月亮是在十一月。传统上,每个月的满月都有一个名字,尽管这些名字因人而异。

Other full moons of interest include the Wolf Moon in January,the Strawberry Moon in June,the Sturgeon Moon in August,the Cold Moon in December,and the Pink Moon in April.All of the full moons have different characteristics due to the location of the ecliptic–i.e.the path of the Sun–at the time of each.

其他值得关注的满月包括一月的狼月,六月的草莓月,八月的鲟鱼月,十二月的冷月和四月的粉红月。所有的满月都有不同的特征,这是由于每次满月时的黄道位置——即太阳的路径。

The Hunter's Moon is also associated with feasting.In the Northern Hemisphere,some Native American tribes and some places in Western Europe held a feast day.This feast day,the Feast of the Hunter's Moon,was not been held since the 1700's.However,the Feast of the Hunters'Moon is a yearly festival in Lafayette,Indiana,which has been held in late September or early October every year since 1968.

猎人的月亮也与宴会有关。在北半球,一些美洲土著部落和西欧的一些地方举行了一个节日。这个节日,猎人的月亮的节日,从17世纪开始就不举行了。然而,猎人的月亮节是印第安纳州拉斐特市一年一度的节日,自1968年以来,每年都在九月底或十月初举行。

We have many interesting articles about the moon here at Universe Today.For example,here are some about the red moon and a rundown of what a full moon is all about.

我们今日宇宙有许多关于月球的有趣文章。例如,这里有一些关于红月和满月是怎么回事的纲要。

For more information,check out the page on the Hunter's Moon at NightSkyInfo,and full moon names and meanings,courtesy of the Farmer's Almanac.

想了解更多信息,请查看 NightSkyInfo 上的猎人之月以及农民年鉴上的满月名称和含义。

Astronomy Cast has an interesting episode on the subject–Episode 113:The Moon:Part I

天文演员有一个关于这个主题的有趣的插曲——113:月亮:第一部分

Sources:

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