柯博拉推荐|保罗•a•拉维奥莱特博士:银河系超级波危险警报更新

2019年12月28日08:45:40柯博拉推荐|保罗•a•拉维奥莱特博士:银河系超级波危险警报更新已关闭评论 950 50319字阅读167分43秒
摘要

强烈的银河宇宙射线,或称为银河超级波。最近一次影响地球和整个太阳系的大型超级波发生在大约16,000年前到11,000年前。通过它对太阳的终极能量效应,它有责任结束上一个冰河时代。

by Paul A.LaViolette,Ph.D.

保罗·a·拉维奥莱特博士。

E-mail:Gravitics1@aol.com

Website:www.etheric.com/

Nexus magazine,Germany August 2009

杂志,德国,20098

Comets and asteroids are not the only space hazard that threatens the Earth.There is another phenomenon that occurs far more frequently but that has only recently been discovered—the arrival

彗星和小行星并不是唯一威胁地球的太空灾难。还有一种现象发生的频率要高得多,但直到最近才被发现——到来

of an intense volley of Galactic cosmic rays,or what is termed a Galactic superwave.(1-4)The most recent time that a major superwave affected the Earth,and the entire solar system,was during the period from about 16,000 to 11,000 years ago.Through its ultimate energizing effect on the Sun,it was responsible for bringing an end to the last ice age.

强烈的银河宇宙射线,或称为银河超级波(1-4)最近一次影响地球和整个太阳系的大型超级波发生在大约16,000年前到11,000年前。通过它对太阳的终极能量效应,它有责任结束上一个冰河时代

Through these solar effects,the superwave was also responsible for the mass extinction which occurred 12,900 years ago in which 95 percent of the large mammal species on the North American continent were wiped out.Paleontologists agree that this was the worst mass extinction since the demise of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.But its cause had long been a mystery.Excessive hunting by paleolithic tribes cannot account for the 22 genera of birds that also became extinct at that time,nor can hunting explain the widespread slaughter of large and small mammals,not only to the south of the North American ice sheet,but also in the Arctic(Alaska and Siberia),in Europe,and even in South America.The remains of these animals are everywhere found entombed in deposits left by the passage of catastrophic glacial meltwater floods.

通过这些太阳效应,超级波也导致了12,900年前发生的大规模灭绝,北美大陆95%的大型哺乳动物物种灭绝。古生物学家一致认为,这是自6500万年前恐龙灭绝以来最严重的一次大规模灭绝。但其原因长期以来一直是个谜。旧石器时代部落的过度狩猎不能解释当时灭绝的22种鸟类,狩猎也不能解释大大小小的哺乳动物的大规模屠杀,不仅在北美冰盖的南部,而且在北极(阿拉斯加和西伯利亚),在欧洲,甚至在南美洲。到处都能发现这些动物的遗骸,它们被埋葬在冰川融水泛滥留下的沉积物中。

Gazing out at the night sky,it is easy to assume that what we see is the way things have been for millions of years:a star-studded heaven,beautiful moon,and a sun that in the morning will rise in its full glory.Unfortunately,this has not always been the case.Overnight this peaceful scene could be transformed into a grotesque display that could best be described as"all hell breaking loose."The hibernating,dust-shrouded core of our Galaxy,which long has remained hidden from view nestled between the constellations of Sagittarius and Scorpius,will on that fateful day be seen to have awakened,to shine forth a strange brilliant blue-white light.It will appear as a guest star far brighter than the planet Venus at full phase,signaling the arrival of the cosmic ray particle volley that had been relentlessly traveling towards us for 23,000 years as it inconspicuously crossed the void separating us from the Galactic center.The Galactic superwave will have arrived.

凝视着夜空,我们很容易认为我们所看到的就是千百万年来的事物:一个星光璀璨的天堂,一轮美丽的月亮,一个在早晨升起的太阳。不幸的是,情况并非总是如此。一夜之间,这种宁静的景象可能会变成一种怪诞的表演,最好的形容是"一切都乱套了"我们银河系的冬眠、尘埃笼罩的核心,长期隐藏在射手座和天蝎座的星座之间,将在那决定命运的一天苏醒,发出一种奇怪的明亮的蓝白色光芒。它将作为客座恒星出现,亮度远远超过处于全相位的金星,标志着宇宙射线粒子的到来,这些粒子无情地向我们飞行了23,000年,当它悄无声息地穿过分隔我们与银河系中心的空隙时。银河超级波将会到来。

These cosmic rays are ultra relativistic,meaning that they are traveling so close to the speed of light that they will give rise to superluminal visual effects.The synchrotron radiation they emit in the course of their 23,000 year trek will appear to unfold towards us in a matter of days,showering us with everything from low frequency radio waves,to visible light,ultraviolet,X-rays,and gamma rays,not to mention the penetrating particle volley itself.What we would be witnessing is what astronomers have called a"galactic core explosion"a phenomenon seen through telescopes to be going on in distant galaxies.Now,with the arrival of the superwave,they and the whole world would be experiencing first hand the same phenomenon happening in our own Galaxy.

这些宇宙射线是超相对论性的,这意味着它们的运动速度非常接近光速,以至于会产生超光速的视觉效果。它们在23000年的长途跋涉过程中发射出的同步辐射将在几天之内向我们展开,向我们展示从低频无线电波到可见光、紫外线、x射线和伽马射线的一切,更不用说穿透性的粒子凌空本身了。我们将看到的是天文学家所说的"银河核心爆炸",这种现象是通过望远镜在遥远的星系中观测到的。现在,随着超级波的到来,他们和整个世界将直接经历同样的现象发生在我们自己的银河系。

A Brief Historical Overview

历史回顾

The core explosion phenomenon first became known to astronomy in the 1960's with the discovery of the Seyfert galaxies with their luminous cores,radio galaxies,and at the more extreme end of the energetic spectrum,objects called quasars and blazars.Observations indicated that during its explosive phase a galactic core can release a total energy equivalent at least that coming from

核心爆炸现象首次为天文学所知是在20世纪60年代,当时发现了西佛星系星云及其发光的核心,射电星系,以及能量范围更为极端的类星体和耀变体。观测表明,在其爆炸阶段,一个星系核心可以释放总能量当量至少来自

hundreds of thousands of supernova explosions.In some cases their output can reach up to even billions of supernovae.(5,6)By the 1970's they had realized that our Galactic core is not immune to this phenomenon.(7)Although gas motions in the immediate vicinity of our Galaxy's core suggested that it had become active as recently as 15,000 years ago,astronomers were reluctant at that time to consider that this was evidence of a full fledged core explosion.In their minds they pictured the Milky Way as a peaceful place.They assumed that the core has been in its present seemingly inactive state for millions of years and that it would continue to be quiescent for many more millions of years to come.But even if the core were to explode—not to worry—they supposed that no harm would come to us since our solar system is well outside the Galaxy's nuclear bulge on the outer fringes of one of the Galaxy's spiral arms.They imagined that magnetic fields filling the Galaxy's core region would trap the outward flying cosmic rays,bringing the barrage to a slow crawl within just a few hundred light years.(8)

成千上万的超新星爆发。在某些情况下,它们的输出甚至可以达到数十亿颗超新星。(5,6)到了20世纪70年代,他们已经意识到我们的银河系核心也不能幸免于这种现象。(7)虽然银河系核心附近的气体运动表明它在15000年前就已经变得活跃,但当时的天文学家不愿意认为这是核心全面爆炸的证据。在他们的头脑中,他们把银河描绘成一个宁静的地方。他们认为,地核已经处于目前看似不活动的状态达数百万年之久,并且在未来数百万年内将继续处于静止状态。但即使核心爆炸ーー不用担心ーー他们也认为不会对我们造成伤害,因为我们的太阳系远远处于银河系旋臂外围的核膨胀之外。他们设想,充满银河系核心区域的磁场会捕获向外飞行的宇宙射线,在几百光年的时间里,这些射线就会缓慢地蔓延开来。(8)

The four years of Ph.D.research I conducted on this subject proved to me that their idyllic assumptions were dead wrong.My 1983 Ph.D.dissertation,"Galactic Core Explosions,Cosmic Dust Invasions,and Climatic Change,"presented evidence suggesting that our Galaxy's core explodes ten thousand times more frequently than had been previously thought,about every ten thousand years,rather than every 100 million years as was then commonly thought.(1)Moreover it showed that magnetic fields would not stop this outburst.Instead,just the opposite would happen;the cosmic ray volley would overpower any magnetic fields it encountered in its path and align these with its own radial flight.The result would be an expanding shell of cosmic rays traveling radially outward from the center of our Galaxy at very close to the speed of light and penetrating through the entire extent of the Galaxy.I showed that the superwave scenario also explained many of the features characteristic of distant exploding galaxies.

我在这个课题上进行了四年的博士研究,证明了他们田园诗般的假设是完全错误的。我在1983年的博士论文《银河系核心爆炸、宇宙尘埃入侵和气候变化》中提供的证据表明,银河系的核心爆炸的频率比我们之前认为的要高出一万倍,大约每一万年,而不是当时普遍认为的每一亿年。(1)此外,磁场也不能阻止这种爆发。相反,恰恰相反的情况会发生;宇宙射线的齐射会压倒它在路径上遇到的任何磁场,并使它们与自己的径向飞行保持一致。其结果将是一个膨胀的宇宙射线外壳,以接近光速的速度从我们的银河系中心向外辐射,穿透整个银河系。我展示了超级波场景也解释了遥远爆发星系的许多特征。

These findings were subsequently presented at scientific conferences and published in refereed scientific journals.(2-4,9-10)Numerous predictions made by this Ph.D.study were later verified(see http://www.etheric.com/LaViolette/Predict.html).By 1997,I had published a book about this phenomenon entitled Earth Under Fire(http://www.etheric.com/LaVioletteBooks/Book-EUF.html).Its updated second edition appeared in 2005.It has received excellent reviews and a 5-star rating from readers.In 1999 a documentary video by the same name was produced and televised.

这些研究结果随后在科学会议上发表,并发表在经过审阅的科学期刊上。(2-4,9-10)这项博士研究所做的许多预测后来得到了证实(http://www.etheric.com/laviolette/predict.html)。到1997年,我已经出版了一本关于这种现象的书,名为《http://www.etheric.com/laviolettebooks/book-euf.html。其更新的第二版出现在2005年。它得到了读者的好评和五星评价。1999年制作并播放了同名纪录片。

Even so,mainstream media has been slow to cover this important issue.As a result,the average citizen,trusting that he has been well informed by the news media,continues to view the night sky as a serene and secure place as he continues his daily routine in his wakeful dream.The Starburst Foundation has as one of its primary objectives to awaken as many as possible to the new and very different awareness that Galactic superwaves do exist and that they can come upon our world with little warning.The Starburst Foundation is a 501(c)3 nonprofit research institute supported by charitable donations(http://www.etheric.com/Starburst/Starburst.html).

尽管如此,主流媒体对这个重要问题的报道还是比较迟缓。因此,普通市民相信自己已经充分了解了新闻媒体,继续将夜空视为一个宁静和安全的地方,因为他仍然在清醒的梦中继续自己的日常生活。星爆基金会的主要目标之一就是唤醒尽可能多的人,让他们意识到银河超级波的确存在,并且他们可以毫无征兆地来到我们的世界。星爆基金会是一个由慈善捐款支持的501(c)3非盈利研究机构(http://www.etheric.com/Starburst/Starburst.html)

The EMP shock front

电磁脉冲冲击波阵面

Should a superwave arrive,our most immediate worry would be the electromagnetic pulse(EMP)that it would carry at its forefront.This high intensity electromagnetic shock front would send high voltages coursing along any electrically conductive object.(1)Upon arrival,it would:

如果超级波到来,我们最直接的担心就是它将带来的电磁脉冲电磁脉冲。这种高强度的电磁冲击波会沿着任何导电物体发出高电压。(1)抵港后:

•create high-voltage surges on the power line grid,shorting out power line transformers and tripping line circuit breakers,resulting in global power blackouts.

在电网上造成高压浪涌,导致电力线变压器短路,断路器跳闸,造成全球停电。

•fry satellites and destroy all nonhardened electronic equipment connected to the electric power grid,resulting in loss of electronic communications(TV,telephone,GPS system,etc.)--airplane crashes would be inevitable;

烧毁卫星和摧毁所有连接到电力网的未加固电子设备,造成电子通信(电视、电话、GPS系统等)的损失——飞机失事将不可避免;

•accidentally electrocute people who happened to be touching a large metal surface.

不小心电死了碰到大金属表面的人。

•ionize the Earth's atmosphere and consequently destroy the ozone layer,thereby increasing the Earth's exposure to harmful UV rays and ionizing radiation.The atmospheric electron shower produced by the superwave cosmic rays and the consequent increased penetration of solar UV would have the effect of raising the incidence of skin cancer and the rate of genetic mutation.

电离地球的大气层,因此破坏臭氧层,从而增加地球暴露于有害的紫外线和电离辐射。超波宇宙射线所产生的大气电子簇射以及随之而来的太阳紫外线穿透力的增加,将有助于提高皮肤癌的发病率和基因突变率。

In 1989,the Starburst Foundation undertook an extensive campaign to warn the U.S.government and ambassadors to the U.N about the dangers of an unexpected superwave arrival,describing consequences such as those listed above.Just in January of this year,20 years after the Starburst effort,the U.S.National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council issued a report entitled Severe space weather events:Understanding societal and economic impacts.(11)See article in New Scientist at:http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20127001.300-space-storm-alert-90-seconds-from-catastrophe.html?full=true.The report enumerates catastrophes very similar to these occurring as a result of the sudden arrival of a very large solar coronal mass ejection,or what scientists call a"Carrington Event."This is named after the super-sized solar storm studied in 1859 by British astronomer Richard Carrington.Fortunately,because society was then still in the age of the horse and buggy,there was minimal social impact.But they say that there is a high likelihood that a Carrington Event could occur again in that not too distant future,maybe even in 2012 at the height of the next solar cycle.

1989年,星爆基金会开展了一项广泛的运动,警告美国政府和驻联合国大使超级波意外到来的危险,并描述了上面列出的那些后果。就在今年1月,星爆计划20年后,美国国家科学院和国家研究委员会发布了一份题为严重空间天气事件:理解社会和经济影响的报告。(11)参见《新科学家》杂志的文章:http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20127001.300-space-storm-alert-90-seconds-from-catastrophe.html?full=true。这份报告列举了一些非常类似的灾难,这些灾难都是由于一个非常大的太阳日冕物质抛射突然到来,或者科学家们称之为"卡林顿事件"这是根据英国天文学家理查德·卡林顿在1859年研究的超大型太阳风暴命名的。幸运的是,因为当时的社会还处于马车时代,所以社会影响微乎其微。但是他们说卡林顿事件很有可能在不远的将来再次发生,甚至可能在2012年下一个太阳活动周期的高峰期。

相关:科学研究支持的临近太阳闪光事件及内幕证据

But if a solar storm of this magnitude were to occur today,during our present age of electric utility dependence,the results would be catastrophic.It would result in a complete frying of all step-up and step-down transformers used to convert power to and from the high-voltage transport grid.The result would be that industrialized societies worldwide would be bring to a grinding halt.Electric utilities do not keep many spare transformers in stock and without electric power the manufacture of new transformers would be seriously hampered.In short,they say that it could take as much as a year to remanufacture the needed replacement units,provided that the manufacturing plants could be made to function.Meanwhile customers would be left to fend for themselves,surviving with candles and wood burning stoves.Even gas pumps require electricity.So if gas stations have not taken precautionary measures to have standby portable generators,perhaps horse and buggies will end up coming back in fashion.The report estimates that a complete recovery from such a hazard could take 4 to 10 years.The same horrors described for the occurrence of a Carrington Event would occur for the arrival of even a very minor"Magnitude 1"superwave event,and as we will discover below,we are substantially overdue for one such event.

但是,如果今天发生这么大规模的太阳风暴,在我们这个依赖电力的时代,其后果将是灾难性的。这将导致所有升压和降压变压器完全被烧毁,而这些变压器是用来将电力转换到高压输送电网和从高压输送电网输送电力的。其结果将是,全世界的工业化社会将陷入一种难以忍受的停滞状态。电力公司没有多少备用变压器的库存,如果没有电力,新变压器的生产将受到严重阻碍。简而言之,他们表示,只要制造工厂能够正常运转,重新制造所需的替代设备可能需要多达一年的时间。与此同时,顾客们只能靠蜡烛和烧木头的火炉自生自灭。即使是油泵也需要电。因此,如果加油站没有采取预防措施,使用备用的便携式发电机,也许马车最终会重新流行起来。该报告估计,从这种危害中完全恢复可能需要410年。同样的恐怖描述了卡林顿事件的发生将发生的到来,即使是一个非常小的"星等1"超级波事件,正如我们将在下面发现,我们大大超过了一个这样的事件。

On August 27,1998,when a strong gamma ray burst unexpectedly arrived after journeying 20,000 light years from the a distant point in the constellation of Aquila,scientists awoke to the rude reality that a cosmic ray event could upset life on our planet.The event,which lasted 5 minutes,was strong enough to ionize the upper atmosphere and seriously disrupt satellites.It triggered a defensive instrument shutdown on at least two spacecraft.Fifteen years earlier in 1983,a much briefer gamma ray burst,lasting just four-seconds,had a measurable effect on radio transmissions used for global navigation and communication.(12)

1998827日,一次强烈的伽马射线爆发意外地发生在距离天鹰座一个遥远点20000光年的地方,科学家们意识到了一个残酷的现实:宇宙射线事件可能会扰乱我们星球上的生命。这次持续了5分钟的事件强烈到足以电离高层大气并严重扰乱卫星。它至少在两艘航天器上引发了防御设备的关闭。15年前的1983年,持续时间只有4秒钟的伽马射线爆发,对用于全球导航和通信的无线电传输产生了可测量的影响。(12)

There is the strong possibility that the superwave EMP would also be accompanied by a gravity wave.The tidal force exerted on the Earth as it passed could trigger earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.A cosmic ray outburst whose gamma ray burst blasted our solar system on December 27,2004 may have been a warning of what could happen.The outburst was produced by a stellar explosion that occurred about 26,000 light years away near the center of our Galaxy.It was the first such gamma ray burst to be observed to originate from within our galaxy and the brightest to be recorded in the entire history of the U.S.-European GRB observation program.But just 44.6 hours before it arrived the Earth was rocked by a 9.3 Richter earthquake,ten times stronger than any that occurred in the previous 25 years.This produced the infamous Malasian tsunami which  left 240,000 people either dead or missing.

超波电磁脉冲同时伴随着重力波的可能性很大。当地球经过时施加在地球上的潮汐力可能引发地震和火山爆发。20041227日,一次宇宙射线爆发,伽马射线爆炸冲击了我们的太阳系,这可能是一个可能发生的事情的警告。这次爆发是由距离我们银河系中心约26000光年的恒星爆炸引起的。这是我们观测到的第一个来自银河系内部的伽马射线暴,也是美国-欧洲伽马射线暴观测计划整个历史记录中最亮的一次。但是在它到达地球的44.6小时之前,地球遭受了一场里氏9.3级的地震,这次地震比过去25年里发生的任何地震都要强10倍。这导致了著名的马拉西亚海啸导致24万人死亡或失踪。

It does not take a genius to realize that the two events were connected.While both the gamma ray burst and its associated gravity wave pulse would travel towards us at close to the speed of light,the gamma ray pulse would lag slightly since it would have undergone some scattering along the way.Over the course of its 26,000 light year journey,it would have traveled an average of 0.2 millionths slower than its associated gravity wave(see www.etheric.com/GalacticCenter/GRB.html for more details).But this event was far smaller than even the smallest of superwave events.

不需要一个天才就能意识到这两件事是有关联的。虽然伽马射线暴及其伴随的引力波脉冲都会以接近光速的速度向我们传播,但伽马射线脉冲会稍微滞后,因为它在传播过程中会经历一些散射。在其26,000光年的旅程中,它的平均行进速度比相关的重力波慢了0.2个百万分点(更多详细信息见www.etheric.com/galacticcenter/grb.html)。但是这个事件甚至比最小的超级波事件都要小得多。

Abrupt Climatic Change

气候突变

In the event of a substantially large-sized superwave,a"Magnitude 4"superwave,the worst would be yet to come.The superwave cosmic ray wind would vaporize frozen cometary debris that currently surrounds our solar system and would blow this dust and gas inward;see Figure 1.Analysis of Greenland ice has shown that,in fact,the solar system was filled with large concentrations of cosmic dust during the last ice age.(10)As this nebular material entered the inner solar system,it would scatter sunlight so that a portion of our radiation would come from a uniform glow filling both the daytime and night time sky.If you have had the experience of looking at the tail of a comet through a pair of binoculars,then just imagine that same diffuse glow filling the entire sky and blotting out the stars.The dust would also redden the solar radiation spectrum.Since our atmosphere is opaque to infrared,a greater fraction of the Sun's radiation would become trapped in the upper atmosphere,warming the upper atmosphere and leaving the ground considerably cooler.This would produce inversion conditions that would induce severe storm activity and rapid precipitation of sleet and ice.Moreover as this nebular material crashed onto the Sun's surface,it would energize the Sun,increasing its luminosity and its cosmic ray output.

如果发生大规模的超级波,即"4"超级波,最糟糕的情况还没有到来。超波宇宙射线风会蒸发目前围绕在我们太阳系周围的冻结的彗星碎片,并将这些尘埃和气体吹向内部;见图1。对格陵兰岛冰层的分析表明,事实上,在上一个冰河时代,太阳系充满了大量的宇宙尘埃。(10)当这种星云物质进入太阳系内部时,它会散射太阳光,使我们的一部分辐射来自充满白天和夜晚天空的均匀发光。如果你有过用双筒望远镜观察彗星尾巴的经历,那么就想象一下,同样的漫射光芒充满整个天空,遮住了星星。尘埃还会使太阳辐射光谱变红。由于我们的大气层对于红外线来说是不透明的,太阳辐射的更大一部分会被困在高层大气中,使高层大气变暖,使地面温度大大降低。这将产生逆温条件,导致强烈的风暴活动和雨夹雪和冰的快速降水。此外,当这个星云物质撞击到太阳表面时,它会给太阳提供能量,增加其亮度和宇宙射线输出。

All of these effects together would dramatically affect the Earth's climate.(1-4,9-10)On some occasions the invading cosmic dust could produce a prolonged cold spell or even initiate an ice age if one was not already in progress;at other times it could produce a period of excessive warmth which could terminate an existing ice age or produce a brief interstadial.The geologic record reveals that our planet has been plagued by ice ages for most of the past several million years.The

所有这些影响加在一起将极大地影响地球的气候。(1-4,9-10)在某些情况下,入侵的宇宙尘埃可能会产生长时间的寒流,如果还没有进行的话,甚至会引发一个冰河时代;在另一些情况下,它可能会产生一段过热的时期,这段时期可能终止现有的冰河时代或产生一个短暂的间隔。地质记录显示,在过去几百万年的大部分时间里,我们的星球一直受到冰河时代的困扰。


Figure 1.Artist's conception of a superwave-induced cosmic dust incursion(©1998 P.LaViolette).

1.艺术家关于超波引起的宇宙尘埃侵入的概念(1998p.LaViolette)

Concerned about the potential climatic hazards associated with Galactic superwaves,the United States Senate Committee on Commerce,Science,and Transportation voiced their interest in a proposal to carry out a thorough investigation into the climatic implications of the Galactic superwave phenomenon.In September 1984,the committee chairman wrote the following letter to the director of the National Science Foundation:

由于担心与银河超级波相关的潜在气候危害,美国参议院商业、科学和运输委员会表示有兴趣对银河超级波现象的气候影响进行彻底的调查。19849月,委员会主席给美国国家科学基金会主任写了如下一封信:

"Dr.LaViolette has presented to the Committee extremely interesting research results and scientific papers written on experiments conducted at Portland State.His research addresses the abrupt changes that have occurred over geological time.He hypothesizes that such changes are the result of sudden incursions of cosmic dust into our solar system,causing dramatic temperature changes.

"LaViolette博士向委员会提交了非常有趣的研究结果和关于在波特兰州立大学进行的实验的科学论文。他的研究论述了地质时期发生的突然变化。他假设这种变化是由于宇宙尘埃突然进入我们的太阳系,导致了引人注目的温度变化。

I am interested to know if research in major climatic shifts is presently being funded by NSF and if so are the investigators aware of Dr.LaViolette's hypothesis.Needless to say,the phenomenon of sudden climatic shifts has enormous import to all of us and all reasonable hypotheses should be carefully examined."

我很想知道目前主要气候变化的研究是否是由NSF资助的,如果是这样,研究人员是否知道LaViolette博士的假设。不用说,气候突变现象对我们所有人都具有重大意义,所有合理的假设都应仔细检查。"

warm climate that we have been enjoying during the current 11,600 year-long interglacial has been accompanied by an equally long respite from the occurrence of major superwaves.However,interglacials,and respites between major superwave onslaughts,have rarely been as prolonged as the one we are fortunate enough to be experiencing.The next superwave,which appears to be overdue,could throw us headlong into a new ice age.

在长达11600年的间冰期间,我们所享受的温暖气候,伴随着大规模超级波的出现,也得到了同样长时间的缓解。然而,间冰期,以及主要超级浪潮之间的休息,很少像我们有幸经历的那次一样持续那么长时间。下一波超级波似乎已经过期,它可能会把我们一头扔进一个新的冰河时代。

The Earth's polar ice record contains evidence that the Sun was,in fact,very active at the end of the last ice age.Glaciologists,for example,have studied the acidity record at Byrd Station,Antarctica going back 50,000 years and found one section,dating from near the end of the last ice age,in which ice acidity levels rose far higher than in any other part of the ice record;see Figure 2.(13,14)These levels exceed by 20 fold the amount of acid fallout deposited by the largest known volcanic eruption.This discovery confounded scientists,not only because of its magnitude,but because it lasted an entire century with the acidity fallout waxing and waning in regular cycles.No volcanic eruption has been known to do this.Nevertheless,they realized that this event must have had a substantial climatic impact;for it occurred at the beginning of the major global warming trend that
ultimately ended the ice age.

地球极地冰川记录包含的证据表明,事实上,太阳在上一个冰河时代末期非常活跃。例如,冰川学家研究了南极伯德站50,000年前的酸度记录,发现了一段可追溯到上一个冰河时代末期的冰层酸度水平远高于冰川记录的任何其他部分;见图2.(13,14)这些浓度超过了已知最大的火山喷发类型沉降物的20倍。这一发现让科学家们感到困惑,不仅仅是因为它的规模,还因为它持续了整整一个世纪,酸性沉降物在周期性循环中起起伏伏。目前还没有火山喷发类型组织这样做过。尽管如此,他们意识到这一事件肯定对气候产生了重大影响,因为它发生在最终结束冰河时代的全球变暖趋势的开始阶段。

However,upon examining these acidity findings,I noticed something that had apparently been overlooked.When the ice record is properly dated,it shows that these acidity peaks recur on the average every eleven years,matching the period of the sunspot cycle.This indicates that these high acidity concentrations were most likely of extraterrestrial origin,and not from repeated volcanic eruptions.(15)It was evidence that large quantities of nebular material were entering the solar system,their concentration and rate of entry being modulated by the solar wind whose intensity varies according to the phase of the sunspot cycle.The solar system's protective magnetic field sheath is more turbulent at solar maximum,allowing invading cosmic dust to more easily penetrate.By cross referencing the Byrd ice core glacial record with the accurately dated Summit,Greenland ice core record,I was able to determine that this event spanned a period of 95 years stretching from about 13,880 B.C.to 13,785 B.C.

然而,在检查这些酸度的发现时,我注意到一些明显被忽略的东西。当冰层记录被正确地定年后,它表明这些酸度峰值平均每11年重现一次,与太阳黑子周期的周期相吻合。这表明这些高酸度浓度很可能来自地外,而不是反复的火山喷发。(15)有证据表明,大量星云物质正在进入太阳系,它们的浓度和进入速率受到太阳风的调节,太阳风的强度随太阳黑子周期的不同阶段而变化。太阳系的保护性磁场鞘在太阳活动高峰期更加混乱,使入侵的宇宙尘埃更容易穿透。通过将伯德冰芯的冰川记录与格陵兰冰芯的精确日期记录进行对照,我能够确定这一事件跨越了从公元前13,880年到公元前13,785年的95年时间。

This evidence that cosmic dust had invaded the solar system in large quantities at that time confirmed a scenario that I had proposed back in 1983.Namely,I had suggested that an intense volley of cosmic rays originating from the core of our Galaxy had begun to reach us around 14,200 years ago and had continued to pummel the solar system for about two to three thousand years,vaporizing nearby cometary material and injecting the resulting cosmic dust and gas into the inner planetary environs.My original estimate was apparently off by a few thousand years with the arrival date being closer to 16,000 years ago.

宇宙尘埃在那个时候大量入侵太阳系的证据证实了我在1983年提出的假设。也就是说,我曾经提出,大约14,200年前,一束来自银河系核心的强烈宇宙射线开始到达我们这里,并持续撞击太阳系大约两三千年,蒸发附近的彗星物质,并将由此产生的宇宙尘埃和气体注入内部行星环境。我最初的估计显然偏离了几千年,到达日期接近16000年前。


Figure 2.Global climate and ice acidity plotted versus depth(or time)for the Byrd Station,Antarctica deep ice core.Profile(A)shows the oxygen-18 isotope ratio plotted in 2 meter averages(after Johnsen,et al.,1972).More negative isotope ratios(upward)indicate cooler climate and ice age glacial coverage.Profile(B)shows ice acidity levels plotted for a consecutive series of ice core increments each spanning 10 meters of core depth(after Hammer et al.,1997).

2.全球气候和冰的酸度图表显示了南极洲伯德站冰芯的深度(或时间)。剖面图(a)显示了氧-18同位素比值绘制在2米的平均值(约翰森等人,1972)。更多的负同位素比值(向上)表明气候更凉爽,冰河时期冰川覆盖。剖面图(b)显示了冰的酸度水平绘制了一系列连续的冰芯增量,每一个增量都跨越10米的冰芯深度(Hammer等人1997年之后)

Ice core data published in the 1990's indicated that,in fact,the Earth was exposed to a high cosmic ray flux at that time.When cosmic rays strike nitrogen molecules in our atmosphere they produce the isotope beryllium-10.A record of the past rate of beryllium-10 production is recorded in the polar ice caps,and as seen in Figure 3(arrow marker),atmospheric beryllium-10 production rate rose sharply around 16,000 years ago,finally subsiding about 11,000 years ago.Gas expulsions from the center of our Galaxy,(16,17)as well as other astronomical evidence,(1,3)indicate that the cosmic ray barrage ending the last ice age indeed originated from a major explosion at our Galaxy's core.

20世纪90年代发表的冰芯数据表明,事实上,当时地球暴露在高宇宙射线通量之下。当宇宙射线撞击我们大气中的氮分子时,会产生铍-10同位素。在极地冰帽中记录了过去铍-10的生产速度,如图3(箭头标记)所示,大气中铍-10的生产速度在大约16,000年前急剧上升,最终在大约11,000年前消退。从我们的银河系中心(16,17)以及其他天文学证据(1,3)喷发出的气体表明,结束上一个冰河时代的宇宙射线确实起源于我们银河系核心的一次大爆炸。

The incoming cosmic dust would have significantly energized the Sun,increasing its radiation output,and reddening its spectrum.The resulting increase in solar radiation,and the addition of a greater percentage of infrared radiation along with radiation scattered from the surrounding zodiacal dust would have altered caused a global warming and could explain why the ice age came to an end at this time.Herbert Zook and his team of NASA scientists had independently come to the

进入的宇宙尘埃将大大地激发太阳,增加其辐射输出,并使其光谱变红。随之而来的太阳辐射的增加,以及更大比例的红外线和分散在周围黄道尘埃中的辐射的增加,可能已经改变了全球变暖,并且可以解释为什么冰河时代在这个时候结束。赫伯特·祖克和他的美国国家航空航天局科学家团队已经独立地来到了这里.


Figure 3.The lower graph plots cosmic ray intensity variations at the Earth s surface during the past 145,000 years;see Earth Under Fire.(4)These values were derived from beryllium-10 isotope concentrations found in the Vostok(East Antarctica)ice core(19-20)that were adjusted to correct for variations in ice accumulation rate.The upper graph plots global climate.The numbered climatic zones include:the present interglacial(1),the last ice age(2,3,&4),a semiglaciated interval(5a-d),the last interglacial(5e),and the previous glaciation(6).

3.下图显示了过去145,000年间地球表面宇宙射线强度的变化。(4)这些数值是从沃斯托克(东南极洲)冰芯(19-20)中发现的铍-10同位素浓度得出的,这些数值经过调整以校正冰的积累速率的变化。上图描绘了全球气候。被编号的气候带包括:现代间冰期(1),最后一次冰期(2,3,4),半冰期间隔(5a-d),最后一次间冰期(5e),以及上一次冰期(6)

conclusion that the Sun was very active during this ice age termination period.(18)Based on the record of solar flare tracks etched in the surface of Moon rocks,they concluded that 16,000 years ago solar flare activity was up to 50 fold higher and that it rapidly declined in the following millennia.

结论是太阳在这个冰河时期的终结期非常活跃。(18)根据蚀刻在月球岩石表面的太阳耀斑轨迹的记录,他们得出结论:16000年前,太阳耀斑活动高达50倍,并且在接下来的几千年中迅速减少。

The rapid climatic warming would have formed meltwater lakes perched at high altitudes on the ice sheet surface.Inevitable dam breaks would have released enormous glacial meltwater avalanches called"glacier waves"that would have swept across the ice sheet surface and ultimately scoured bordering continental regions.Stories of a global deluge appear to refer to this event with certain North American Indian legends noting that these mountainous floods originated from the ice sheet to the north.Evidence of continental debris transported thousands of kilometers into the ocean may be records of these glacier waves.Glaciologists refer to these debris transporting episodes as "Heinrich Events"named after Helmut Heinrich their discoverer.However,contrary to the initial suggestion that they occur at times of climatic cooling,they in fact occur during times of rapid climatic warming and glacial melting.One of the most recent such episodes,known as Heinrich Event 1,peaks around 15,720 years ago at the time of the Pre-Bölling climatic warming that was instigated by the arrival of the galactic superwave and its associated cometary dust incursion;see Figure 4.A more minor episode,Heinrich Event 0,peaked during a warm interval that occurred in the middle of the Younger Dryas cold period.

快速的气候变暖可能形成了栖息在冰原表面高海拔处的融水湖。大坝不可避免的崩溃会释放出巨大的冰川融水雪崩,称为"冰川波",它会横扫冰原表面,最终冲刷大陆地区的周边地区。全球洪水的故事似乎指的是这一事件与某些北美印第安人的传说指出,这些山区洪水起源于北部的冰盖。大陆碎片被运送到数千公里外的海洋中的证据可能是这些冰川波的记录。冰河学家将这些运送碎片的事件称为"海因里希事件"是以他们的发现者海因里希命名的。然而,与最初认为它们发生在气候变冷时期相反,它们实际上发生在气候迅速变暖和冰川融化时期。最近发生的这类事件之一,被称为海因里希事件1,大约在15,720年前,在银河系超级波及其伴随的彗星尘埃入侵造成的前b期气候变暖时达到顶峰;见图4.一个更小的事件,海因里希事件0,在发生在新仙女木时期冷期中期的一个暖期达到高峰。


Figure 4.Dating of Heinrich layers compared with major climatic transitions.(21)Upper profile:oxygen isotope climatic profile from the GISP2 Summit,Greenland ice core(lower values indicate warmer climate).Lower profile:Lithic grain abundance in sediments from North Atlantic core V23-81(54.5°N,17.5°W);data courtesy of G.Bond.A timescale for this core was developed as described in the 2009 update to reference(1).Peaks designated as H0,H1,and H2 indicate Heinrich layers.Abbreviations designate the following climatic boundaries at the end of the ice age:Pre-Bölling Interstadial(PB),Bölling(B),Alleröd(AL),Younger Dryas(YD),and Holocene(Hol).

4.海因里希层的年代测定与主要气候变化的比较。(21)上层剖面:来自GISP2峰会的氧同位素气候剖面,格陵兰冰芯(下层值表明气候温暖)。较低剖面:北大西洋V23-81岩芯沉积物中岩屑颗粒丰度(北纬54.5度,西经17.5);数据由g.Bond提供。按照参考文献(1)2009年更新中的描述,为这个核心开发了一个时间表。指定为H0H1H2的峰值表示海因里希层。缩写表示冰河时代末期的气候边界:前冰期(PB),冰期(b),阿勒尔d(AL),新仙女木(YD)和全新世(Hol)

These various discoveries,of the acidity spike of 13,880 B.C.,the accompanying rise in galactic cosmic ray flux,the occurrence of Heinrich Event 1,and the dramatic increase in solar flare activity together indicate that something dramatic was happening to our planet around this time.They validate the significance of the 13,860 years B.C.date encoded in prehistoric constellation lore;see text box.

这些不同的发现,包括公元前13880年的酸性峰值,随之而来的银河宇宙射线通量的上升,Heinrich事件1的发生,以及太阳耀斑活动的急剧增加,都表明在这个时期,我们的星球正在发生一些戏剧性的事情。他们证实了史前星座学中记载的公元前13,860年的历史的重要性;参见文本框。

Message in the Sky

天空中的信息

The path that led to my discovery of the superwave phenomenon began in 1976 after I stumbled upon an ancient time capsule message referring to a prehistoric terrestrial cataclysm.I had discovered that ancient astrological folklore associated with the zodiac constellations was conveying a warning that the core of our Galaxy had entered an active Seyfert state and that its cosmic rays began reaching us about 16,000 years ago.(4)I had found that the zodiac was metaphorically conveying the rather sophisticated scientific notion of explosive matter-energy creation and later I discovered that it used pointer stars in the constellations of Scorpius and Sagittarius to indicate the origin of this outburst.(22)The arrow in Sagittarius'bow and Scorpio's upward pointing tail suggested trajectories that converged in the general area of our Galaxy's core.

1976年,我偶然发现了一个古老的时间胶囊,里面提到了史前的地球灾难。我发现,古老的星座民间传说与黄道星座有关,传达了一个警告:我们银河系的核心进入了一个活跃的塞佛特状态(注:NGC 1097棒状星系同时也被称为赛弗特Seyfert)星系,这种星系最大的特性是其具有异常活跃的星系核,一般表征为星系核较为明亮,并且核中央恒星的光谱具有很宽的电离态和激发态),它的宇宙射线大约在16000年前开始到达我们这里。(4)我发现黄道带象征着爆炸性物质——能量产生的相当复杂的科学概念,后来我发现它使用天蝎座和人马座的星座中的指针星来指示这次爆发的起源。(22)射手座弓上的箭头和天蝎座向上的尾巴暗示了在银河系核心区域汇聚的轨迹。

Furthermore I came across an ancient Greek myth that specifies that Sagittarius is shooting at the Heart of the Scorpion,the Heart being represented by the star Antares(Alpha Scorpius).But viewing these constellation stars as we see them today,we find that the arrow shaft is not properly aimed at Antares,but rather is directed 5°southward.This off target aim is readily explained by the fact that the stars outlining the arrow shaft have moved considerably over the millennia as a result of the solar system's gradual movement relative to the stars.Astronomers call this phenomenon stellar proper motion.By specifying this sighting trajectory,the Sagittarius myth was challenging us future scientists to determine the important past date when this arrow pointer was correctly aimed.

此外,我偶然发现了一个古希腊神话,上面说人马座正在射向蝎子的心脏,心脏由心宿二(Alpha Scorpius)代表。但是当我们今天看到这些星座的恒星时,我们发现箭头轴并没有正确地瞄准心宿二,而是朝向南方5。这个偏离目标的目的可以很容易地解释为,由于太阳系相对于恒星的渐进运动,勾勒出箭杆的恒星已经移动了几千年。天文学家称这种现象为恒星自行运动。通过描述这个目击轨迹,射手座神话正在挑战我们未来的科学家去确定这个箭头指针指向的重要的过去日期。

This turned out to be about 13,860 B.C.Since this same arrow indicator was pointing out the location of the center of our Galaxy to within 0.3 degrees of arc(less than one lunar diameter)and was also a key part of an encoded message referring to an explosive outburst,I naturally concluded that the astrological zodiac was attempting to tell us that a Galactic core explosion had begun to bombard our solar system around the time of that past date.

结果证明这是在公元前13860年。由于同一个箭头指示器指出我们银河系中心的位置在0.3度弧度(不到一个月球直径)之内,而且也是一个关于爆炸的编码信息的关键部分,我自然得出结论,占星学的黄道带试图告诉我们,在那个过去的日期前后,银河系核心的爆炸已经开始轰击我们的太阳系。

The insight which this ancient zodiac cipher provided me in 1979 allowed me to conceive of the existence of superwaves and to begin to investigate the phenomenon as the subject of my Portland State University Ph.D.thesis.The idea that a Galactic core explosion may have affected our planet in such geologically recent times was the furthest thing from the minds of astronomers or geologists at that time.So,were it not for the hint that this zodiac message provided,neither I nor anyone else would have had no clue that a core outburst had affected the Earth in such geologically recent times.I had some measure of uncertainty as to whether I was properly interpreting this ancient stellar cipher.Consequently,part of the reason that I was carrying out my Ph.D.research was to see if there was any truth to the Galactic explosion message that the zodiac cipher seemed to so clearly portray.The other reason for my investigation was to find out as much as I could about the past events brought about by this incident.For,if the message was valid and evidence showed that our planet had indeed recently experienced a superwave and that these bombardments recur relatively frequently,then this discovery would be exceedingly important for human survival.It would be one of the most important scientific discoveries of modern times.

这个古老的星座密码在1979年提供给我的洞察力使我得以设想超级波的存在,并开始以此现象作为我在波特兰州立大学博士论文的研究对象。在这样的地质年代,银河系核心爆炸可能影响了我们的星球,这种想法在当时的天文学家或地质学家的头脑中是最遥远的事情。所以,如果没有这个黄道带信息的暗示,我和其他任何人都不会知道在这样一个地质学上的最近时期,地核爆发已经影响了地球。对于我是否正确地解释了这个古老的恒星密码,我有一定程度的不确定性。因此,我进行博士研究的部分原因是想看看星座密码所描绘的银河系爆炸信息是否真实。我进行调查的另一个原因是尽可能多地了解这次事件带来的过去的事件。因为,如果这个信息是有效的,并且有证据表明我们的星球最近确实经历了一次超级波,而且这些轰炸相对频繁地再次发生,那么这一发现对于人类的生存将是极其重要的。这将是现代最重要的科学发现之一。

I do not stand alone in my interpretation of the zodiac cipher.Many have checked my conclusions.Also,some have themselves tried their hand at deciphering the zodiac cryptogram and have succeeded.The first part of the cipher is presented at the Sphinx Stargate website(http://www.etheric.com)in the form of a puzzle which has become a popular challenge for web surfers to decode.It helps to have a familiarity with general systems theory concepts.

我并不是唯一一个解读星座密码的人。许多人都证实了我的结论。此外,有些人自己也尝试破译十二生肖密码,并且成功了。这个密码的第一部分在斯芬克斯星际之门网站上以一个谜题的形式展示出来,这个谜题已经成为网络冲浪者解码的一个大众化挑战。http://www.etheric.com。熟悉一般的系统理论概念是有帮助的。

Any doubt that the zodiac signs present a sophisticated astronomical warning message is quickly dispelled when one examines the superwave theory's impressive track record,having made as many as 14 a priori predictions that were later verified.Considering also that the theory has successfully accounted for observations in over seven scientific disciplines,the suggestion that I may have hit upon this theory just by luck seems a bit far fetched.Moreover while a skeptic might argue about specific interpretations of the zodiac's symbolism,the date indicated by the Sagittarius arrow trajectory is quite unequivocal,being based on simple astrometry.Certainly,it is not just luck that 21 years later major terrestrial events would be found,such as the 13,880 B.C.acidity spike and Heinrich Event 1,whose dates happen to coincide with this arrow indicator date.

当人们查看超级波理论令人印象深刻的记录时,任何关于星座提供了复杂的天文警告信息的怀疑很快就被打消了,超级波理论先验地预测了多达14次,后来得到了证实。同时考虑到这个理论已经成功地解释了超过7个科学分支的观察结果,认为我可能只是碰巧发现了这个理论似乎有点牵强。此外,虽然怀疑论者可能会争论关于黄道带象征意义的具体解释,但人马座箭轨迹所显示的日期是十分明确的,基于简单的天体测量学。当然,21年后能够发现主要的陆地事件,如公元前13880年的酸性峰值和海因里希事件1,并不仅仅是运气,它们的日期恰好与这个箭头指示日期相吻合。

As a Thief in the Night

就像一个夜里的小偷

In 1983 when I first published the idea that cosmic ray volleys are able to propagate to the Earth at close to the speed of light,my suggestion mostly fell on deaf ears.But,it was not long before evidence would come forward to support my hypothesis.In 1985,astronomers discovered that Cygnus X-3,a strong cosmic ray source lying about as far away as the Galactic Center(25,000-30,000 light years),was showering the Earth with high-energy particles.They found that despite the Galaxy s magnetic fields,these particles were able to reach the Earth at the speed of light following arrow-straight paths.(23)Several years later,scientists found that the Earth was also being showered by particles from another high-energy source,the X-ray pulsar Hercules X-1.(24,25)The particles were found to come in bursts spaced by 1.2357 seconds,closely matching the pulsar's intrinsic period.Even though this source lay 12,000 light years away,the intervening interstellar medium had such a minor effect on the bursts that their pulsation period was constant to within 300 microseconds.

1983年,当我第一次发表宇宙射线能够以接近光速的速度传播到地球的想法时,我的建议大多被置若罔闻。但是,没过多久,就有证据支持我的假设。1985年,天文学家发现天鹅座X-3——一个强大的宇宙射线源,位于银河系中心(25,000-30,000光年)附近——向地球喷洒着大量的高能粒子。他们发现,尽管银河系有磁场,这些粒子还是能够以光速沿着箭一样的直线路径到达地球。(23)几年后,科学家们发现地球也受到来自另一个高能源——x射线脉冲星"大力神"X-1的粒子的影响。(24,25)发现这些粒子以1.2357秒的间隔爆发,与脉冲星的固有周期非常接近。尽管这个光源位于12000光年之外,介入其中的星际物质对爆发的影响如此微小,以至于它们的脉动周期保持在300微秒之内。

Additional supporting evidence for the superwave theory came to light during the January 2000 meeting of the American Astronomical Society.It had been known for some time that the massive core of our Galaxy was emitting cosmic ray electrons and that these cosmic rays were producing synchrotron radio emission as they interacted with magnetic fields along their flight path.A group of radio astronomers presented findings indicating that the synchrotron radio emission coming from the Galactic center is circularly polarized.(26)The speaker said he found this result to be"mysterious"since all other Galactic cosmic ray sources emit synchrotron radiation that is instead linearly polarized.During the question period following their lecture,I pointed out that their findings of circular polarization could be easily explained if the cosmic rays producing this radiation were streaming radially towards us over a long flight path.Linearly polarized radiation observed from most Galactic sources is instead produced by cosmic rays that are magnetically captured into relatively stationary spiral orbits.Other astronomers present at the meeting agreed with this radial trajectory interpretation.

20001月的美国美国天文学会协会会议上,支持超波理论的其他证据被发现。人们早就知道,我们银河系的巨大核心正在发射宇宙射线电子,而这些宇宙射线在沿着飞行路径与磁场相互作用时,正在产生同步加速器无线电辐射。一组射电天文学家提出的发现表明,来自银河系中心的同步射电辐射是圆极化的。(26)演讲者说,他发现这个结果是"神秘的",因为所有其他银河系宇宙射线源发出的同步辐射是线性极化的。在他们演讲之后的提问阶段,我指出,如果产生这种辐射的宇宙射线在漫长的飞行路线上径向地流向我们,那么他们关于圆极化的发现就很容易解释了。从大多数银河系来源观测到的线偏振辐射是由宇宙射线产生的,宇宙射线被磁场俘获进入相对稳定的螺旋轨道。出席会议的其他天文学家也同意这种径向轨迹的解释。

These findings are reason to be gravely concerned about the effects of a Galactic core explosion.They imply that the generated cosmic rays can impact our planet,virtually without warning,preceded only by the wave-flash from the initial explosion.(1,3)Because they travel at the speed of light,superwave cosmic rays remain cloaked and hidden from our view until the very moment they strike.(1-4)Their long journey towards us,as they cross the 23,000 light-year distance that separates us from the Galactic center would go entirely undetected.In effect,we live on the edge of a"galactic volcano,"knowing neither the time,the magnitude,nor the severity of the next eruption,or what impact it will have on our environment.We stand unprepared to deal with such an event,much less anticipate its arrival.Whether a superwave may strike several hundred years from now,some time in the coming decade,or during this year,there is really no way to tell.

这些发现使我们有理由严重关注银河系核心爆炸的影响。它们意味着所产生的宇宙射线可以毫无预兆地撞击我们的星球,只是在最初爆炸产生的波闪之前。(1,3)由于超波宇宙射线以光速传播,它们一直隐藏在我们的视线之外,直到它们撞击地球的那一刻。(1-4)当它们穿过将我们与银河系中心隔开的23,000光年的距离时,它们朝我们飞来的漫长旅程完全没有被发现。实际上,我们生活在一个"银河系火山"的边缘,既不知道下一次火山爆发的时间、规模、严重程度,也不知道它将对我们的环境产生什么影响。我们对这样的事件毫无准备,更不用说预料它的到来了。超级波是否会在几百年后,未来十年的某个时间,或者今年袭来,我们真的无从得知。

The Probability of Future Arrivals

未来到达的概率

The beryllium-10 data presented in Figure 3 shows that glacial periods correlate with intervals of high cosmic ray activity.Also cosmic ray peaks are seen to preferentially coincide with either the onset or termination of ice age periods,suggesting that there must be a causal connection between superwaves and climate.We can get an idea of the frequency of these events by investigating the

3中提供的铍-10数据表明,冰川期与高宇宙射线活动的时间间隔有关。此外,宇宙射线峰值往往与冰河时期的开始或结束时间相吻合,这表明超级波与气候之间肯定存在因果关系。我们可以通过调查这些事件的发生频率得到一个概念

time lapse between successive beryllium-10 deposition rate peaks.In 1983,I had ventured that superwaves recur about every ten thousand years.(1)The beryllium-10 data that subsequently became available indicates that this estimate was not far off.In June 2009 the Starburst Foundation conducted a spectral analysis of this ice core data,with the volunteered help of an expert statistician,and this investigation detected the following dominant recurrence periods for past superwave cosmic ray events:28,500±2,200 years,11,500±550 years,and 5,750±100 years.Since the polar ice record shows that the last major superwave climaxed between 14,500 and 11,500 years ago,the 11,500 year cycle implies that we are currently overdue for another major event.

-10沉积速率连续峰之间的时间间隔。1983年,我冒险说过,超级波大约每一万年重现一次。(1)-10数据后来成为表明这个估计并不遥远。20096月,星爆基金会在一位专家统计学家的志愿帮助下,对这些冰芯数据进行了光谱分析,这项调查发现了过去超波宇宙射线事件的以下主要重现期:28,500±2,200年、11,500±550年和5,750±100年。由于极地冰层记录显示,上一次主要的超级波在14500年至11500年前达到高潮,这个11500年的周期意味着我们目前正在经历另一次重大事件。

Many are concerned about the nearing Mayan calendar end date of December 2012 on which the Maya predicted the present fourth world age would end and the fifth world age would begin.Their sacred text,the Popul Vuh,speaks of previous world catastrophes having transpired at past world age terminations.It says that a thick resin falls from the sky and bringing darkness to the world,that the world also experiences at these times a vast conflagration,a great flood,and earthquakes.It states that past global destructions occurred because former races had forgotten their Creator,the Heart of Heaven.Since their cosmology makes particular reference to the sky location near the Galactic center where the ecliptic crosses the Galactic equator,this leaves us to wonder whether the Heart of Heaven could be a reference to the Galactic core,the creation center of the Milky Way.The Maya designed a calendar based on the transits of Venus as a way of keeping tract of the passage of time and the advent of future world age transitions.Interestingly,the zero date for the current fourth world calendric cycle began in 3114 B.C.,a date that immediately followed the

许多人担心玛雅历法将于201212月结束,玛雅人预言现在的第四世界时代将结束,第五世界时代将开始。他们的神圣经文,《波普尔乌》,讲述了以前的世界灾难在过去的世界时代结束时已经发生。它说一种厚厚的树脂从天而降,给世界带来了黑暗,世界在这些时候也经历了一场大火灾,一场大洪水和地震。它指出,过去的全球毁灭之所以发生,是因为以前的种族已经忘记了他们的创造者,天堂之心。由于他们的宇宙学特别提到了靠近银河系中心的天空位置,也就是黄道穿过银河系赤道的地方,这让我们不禁怀疑,天堂之心是否与银河系的创造中心----银河系核心有关。玛雅人设计了一个基于金星凌日的日历,作为一种记录时间流逝和未来世界时代过渡的方式。有趣的是,目前世界第四个日历周期的零日期开始于公元前3114年,这个日期紧接着公元前3000

occurrence of a minor beryllium-10 spike dated at around 3300±200 B.C.;see Figure 3.This cosmic ray spike likely registers the arrival of a Magnitude 1 superwave.The event was also associated with a brief climatic cold spell,as indicated by the findings of glaciologist Lonnie Thompson.So the fact that the Maya chose this date for the beginning of their current world cycle may not be a coincidence.Interestingly,this 3300±200 B.C.superwave date falls at the close of the Neolithic period and precedes the rise of civilization with Old Kingdom Egypt and its lower Nile Delta civilization beginning a precipitous rise circa 3100 B.C.;see Figure 5.(27)

在公元前3300±200年出现了一个较小的铍-10尖峰,见图3.这个宇宙射线峰值可能记录了一个1级超波的到来。冰川学家朗尼·汤普森的研究结果表明,这一事件还与短暂的气候寒潮有关。所以玛雅人选择这个日期作为他们当前世界循环的开始这一事实可能不是巧合。有趣的是,这个公元前3300年到200年的超级波日期正好落在新石器时代的末期,在文明崛起之前,古埃及王国和它的尼罗河三角洲文明开始了大约公元前3100年的急速崛起;见图5.(27)

The Maya may have designed their calendar not only to mark the date of arrival of this past superwave,but also to predict when the next one might come.The 5,124 year cycle of their calendar approximates the 5,750±100 year cycle evident in the 10Be polar ice record.A shorter 5,400 year-long cycle is also marginally present in the data,but its existence is far less certain.Based on the Mayan calendar cycle we are presently overdue for the arrival of the next superwave.Based on the 5,750 year cycle evident in polar ice data,we should expect a superwave within the next four centuries.

玛雅人设计他们的历法不仅是为了标记这个过去超级波的到来日期,也是为了预测下一个超级波的到来时间。他们的历法中的5124年周期大致相当于10Be极地冰川记录中的5750±100年周期。较短的5400年周期在数据中也很少出现,但其存在的可能性就不那么确定了。根据玛雅历法周期,我们目前已经过了下一个超级波到来的时间。根据极地冰川数据显示的5750年周期,我们预计在未来四个世纪内会出现超级波。

The Galactic center may also flare up frequently between major superwave events.Astronomical observation indicates that during the past 5,300 years,the Galactic center has expelled 14 clouds of ionized gas.(28)The dates estimated for these expulsions are shown on the timeline in Figure 6.Such minor superwaves were not intense enough to generate beryllium-10 peaks visible above background levels.However,the electromagnetic pulse associated with these events could have been sufficiently strong that,had one such event occurred today,it could have had a catastrophic effect on modern electronics and communication systems unlike anything we have witnessed thus far.In other words,it might produce effects similar to a Carrington Event solar flare of the sort described in the U.S.National Academy of Sciences report.About 80%of these Galactic center gas emissions took place within 500 years of one another(Figure 7).Yet,it has been 700 years since the last event.So,again we come to the conclusion that we are currently overdue for the recurrence of such an event.

银河系中心也可能在主要的超波事件之间频繁地爆发。天文观测表明,在过去的5300年里,银河系中心已经排出了14团电离气体云。(28)这些驱逐的估计日期见图6中的时间表。这种微弱的超波不足以产生背景水平以上可见的铍-10峰。然而,与这些事件相关的电磁脉冲可能已经足够强大,如果今天发生了这样的事件,它可能会对现代电子和通信系统产生灾难性的影响,这与我们目前所见到的任何事件都不同。换句话说,它可能产生类似于美国国家科学院报告中描述的卡林顿事件太阳耀斑的影响。大约80%的这些银河系中心的气体排放发生在500年内彼此(7)。然而,距离上次事件已经过去了700年。因此,我们再次得出结论,我们目前早就应该再次发生这样的事件。


Figure 5.Histogram showing the number of published radiocarbon dates from the lower Nile valley for each of a series of calendar year increments.(26)

5.直方图显示了尼罗河下游流域公布的放射性碳年代的数量,每个历年的数量递增。(26)


Figure 6.History of minor Galactic Center explosions during the past 6000 years;dates approximate times when radiation pulses arrived from the Galactic Center.(These age estimates taken from Lacy et al.,(27)have been decreased by,~70%to correct for the smaller value of 23.000 light years adopted here for the distance to the center of the Galaxy.(4))©1989 P.LaViolette

6.过去6000年间银河系中心发生小规模爆炸的历史;大约是辐射脉冲从银河系中心到达的时间。(这些来自Lacy等人(27)的年龄估计数据已经减少了70%,以纠正较小的23,000光年的数值,这里采用的是到银河系中心的距离。(4)1989p.LaViolette


Figure 7.Amount of time between successive gas expulsions from the Galactic center,plotted as a frequency histogram.©1989 P.LaViolette

7.从银河系中心连续的气体排放之间的时间量,绘制为频率直方图。1989p.LaViolette

Taking Action

采取行动

To be properly prepared for the next event we must accelerate the development and deployment of alternative energy technologies so that citizens are energy self-sufficient and able to disconnect from the utility grid.Also governments need to become aware to expect cosmic ray hazards not only from the Sun,but from the Galactic center as well.Governments need to work out emergency plans to deal with such hazards,much the same way that they have worked out emergency rescue plans to deal with earthquakes and tsunamis.

为了为下一次活动做好充分准备,我们必须加快替代能源技术的开发和部署,使公民能够自给自足,并能够与公用事业电网断开联系。政府也需要意识到宇宙射线的危险不仅来自太阳,也来自银河系的中心。各国政府需要制定应对此类灾害的应急计划,就像它们制定应对地震和海啸的应急救援计划一样。

Also we must seek ways to anticipate the arrival of the next superwave.One way to do this would be to establish contact with friendly extraterrestrial civilizations.Since superwaves are a hazard the affects the entire Galaxy,they should be known to all advanced galactic civilizations,and possibly also their future arrival dates as well.A careful multi-year study of pulsar data has concluded that radio pulsars are most likely of artificial origin,neutron stars that have been artificially engineered to emit pulsed radio communication beams.(29,30)Through their sky positions and encoded pulse period relations,they appear to be marking the precise location of the Galactic center and sending a symbolic warning about the superwave phenomenon.More specifically,they seem to be referring to the superwave that passed us at the end of the last ice age.Efforts need to be made to study these signals with the aim of learning more about their message.The astrophysical community needs to free themselves of their social taboos and wake up to the possibility that these objects are of ETI origin.The time is rapidly approaching when we may need to recruit the assistance of these galactic civilizations.The ongoing crop circle phenomenon also needs close study.Investigations have shown that a large majority are produced by an exotic microwave force field beam technology and not by hoaxter farm boys tramping grass with boards.(30)A study of their patterns indicates that their creators have a very deep understanding of mathematics and geometry,and there is a growing consensus that they are being formed by ETs.Hence crop fields may be another place to look for signs of any relevant communications.

此外,我们必须设法预测下一个超级波的到来。一种方法是与友好的外星文明建立联系。由于超级波是影响整个银河系的危险因素,所有先进的银河系文明都应该知道它们,甚至可能知道它们未来到达的日期。对脉冲星数据进行了仔细的多年研究后得出结论,射电脉冲星最有可能是人工起源的,即人工设计用来发射脉冲无线电通信光束的中子星。(29,30)通过它们的天空位置和编码的脉冲周期关系,它们似乎在标记银河系中心的精确位置,并对超级波现象发出象征性的警告。更具体地说,他们似乎指的是上个冰河时代末期经过我们的超级波。需要努力研究这些信号,以便更多地了解它们所传递的信息。天体物理学界需要摆脱他们的社会禁忌,认识到这些天体可能来自外星人。时间正在迅速接近,我们可能需要招募这些银河文明的援助。正在发生的麦田怪圈现象也需要仔细研究。调查表明,绝大多数是由一种奇特的微波力场束技术产生的,而不是由农场的男孩践踏草板产生的。(30)对其模式的研究表明,它们的创造者对数学和几何有着非常深刻的理解,而且人们越来越一致地认为它们是由外星人形成的。因此,农田可能是寻找任何相关信息迹象的另一个地方。

进一步:2015年7月26日讯息 『银河大爱能量波』

Although technology exists to create force field shields capable of deflecting the trajectories of approaching cosmic rays,implementing such defense measures on a scale sufficient to protect the entire solar system from a superwave onslaught would be a near impossible task.The best defense may be ourselves.We should not overlook the power of mass prayer.This may be the only hope.Plans are underway to conduct synchronized meditations and prayers around the world in hope of protecting the Earth and its inhabitants from a possible hazard arriving as early as December 13,2012.(31)Regardless of whether such an imminent superwave arrival date is valid,we should be prepared because the geologic record indicates that a superwave is definitely on its way and due to arrive in these upcoming decades or centuries.

虽然现有技术可以制造能够偏转接近的宇宙射线轨迹的力场护盾,但是要在足以保护整个太阳系免受超级波攻击的规模上实施这样的防御措施几乎是不可能的任务。最好的防御可能是我们自己。我们不应忽视群众祈祷的力量。这可能是唯一的希望。世界各地正在计划进行同步的冥想和祈祷,希望保护地球及其居民免受可能到来的危险,早在20121213日。(31)不管这样一个即将到来的超级波到来的日期是否正确,我们都应该做好准备,因为地质记录表明,超级波肯定会到来,而且预计会在未来几十年或几个世纪到来。

REFERENCES

参考文献

1)LaViolette.P.A."Galactic Explosions,Cosmic Dust Invasions,and Climatic Change."Ph.D.dissertation,Portland State University,Portland Oregon,August 1983.

2)LaViolette,P.A."The terminal Pleistocene cosmic event:Evidence of recent incursion of nebular material into the Solar System."Eos
64(1983):286.American Geophysical Union paper,Baltimore,Maryland.

3)LaViolette,P.A."Cosmic ray volleys from the Galactic Center and their recent impact on the Earth environment."Earth,Moon,and Planets
37(1987):241.

4)LaViolette,P.A.Earth Under Fire:Humanity's Survival of the Ice Age.Rochester,VT:Bear&Co.,1997,2005.See http://www.etheric.com/LaVioletteBooks/Book-EUF.html

5)Burbidge,G.R.et al."Evidence for the occurrence of violent events in the nuclei of galaxies."Reviews of Modern Physics 35(1963):947.

6)Burbidge,G.R.et al."Physics of compact nonthermal sources:III.Energetic considerations."Astrophysical Journal 193(1974):43.

7)Oort,J.H."The Galactic Center."Annual Reviews of Astronomy&Astrophysics
15(1977):295.

8)Ginzburg,V.L.,and Syrovatskii,S.I.The Origin of Cosmic Rays.New York:Pergamon Press,1964,p.207.

9)LaViolette,P.A."Elevated concentrations of cosmic dust in Wisconsin stage polar ice."Meteoritics 18(1983):336.Meteoritical Society paper,Mainz,Germany.

10)LaViolette,P.A."Evidence of high cosmic dust concentrations in Late Pleistocene polar ice.Meteoritics 20(1985):545.

11)U.S.National Research Council,Severe space weather events:Understanding societal and
economic impacts.2009;free download at:www.nap.edu/catalog/12507.html.

12)Fishman,G.J.and Inan,U.S."Observation of an ionospheric disturbance caused by a gamma-ray burst.Nature
331(1988):418.

13)Hammer,C.U.,Clausen,H.B.,and Langway,Jr.,C.C."50,000 years of recorded global volcanism."Climatic Change,35(1997):1.

(14)Johnsen,S.J.,W.Dansgaard,H.B.Clausen,and C.C.Langway,Jr.,Oxygen isotope profiles through the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets,Nature 235,429–435,1972.

15)LaViolette,P.A."Solar cycle variations in ice acidity at the end of the last ice age:Possible marker of a climatically significant interstellar dust incursion"Planetary and Space Science(2005)53(4):385-393.

16)Brown,R.L.,and Johnston,K.J."The gas density and distribution within 2 parsecs of the Galactic Center."AstrophysicaI Journal
268(1983):L85.

17)Lo,K.Y.,and Claussen,M.J."High-resolution observations of ionized gas in central 3 parsecs of the Galaxy:possible evidence for infall."Nature
306(1983):647.

18)Zook,H.A.,Hartung,J.B.,and Storzer,D."Solar flare activity:evidence for large-scale changes in the past."Icarus,32(1977):106.

19)Raisbeck,G.M.,et al."Evidence for two intervals of enhanced 10Be deposition in Antarctic ice during the Last Glacial Period."Nature
326(1987):273.

20)Raisbeck,G.M.,et al."10Be deposition at Vostok,Antarctica during the last 50,000 years and its relationship to possible cosmogenic production variations during this period."In The Last
Deglaciation:Absolute and Radiocarbon Chronologies(Proc.NATO ASI Series,vol.12),edited
by E.Bard and W.Broecker,pp.127-139.Heidelberg:Springer-Verlag,1992.

21)LaViolette,P.A."Galactic Superwaves and their Impact on the Earth."2009 eprint update of 1983 Ph.D.dissertation(reference 1).

22)LaViolette,P.A.Genesis of the Cosmos:The Ancient Science of Continuous Creation.Rochester,VT:Bear&Co.,1995,2004.See http://www.etheric.com/LaVioletteBooks/Book-BBB.html.

23)Marshak,et al."Evidence for muon production by particles from Cygnus X-3,"Physical
Review Letters 54(1985):2079.

24)Dingus,B.L.et al."High-energy pulsed emission from Hercules X-1 with anomalous air-shower muon production."PhysicaI Review Letters
61(1988):1906.

25)Schwarzschild,B."Are the ultra-energetic cosmic gammas really photons?Physics Today Nov(1988):17.

26)Bower,G.C.,Falcke,H.and Backer,D.C."Circular Polarization in Sagittarius A*,"(abs.)Session 62,195th American Astronomical Society meeting,Atlanta,January 12,2000.See Session 62 at http://www.aas.org/meetings/aas195/program/index.html

27)Labeyrie,J."Sea level variations and the birth of the Egyptian civilization."In Radiocarbon
Dating,edited by R.Berger and H.E.Suess,p.33.Berkeley:University of California Press,1979.

28)Lacy,J.H.,et al."Observations of the motion and distribution of the ionized gas in the central parsec of the Galaxy.ll,"Astrophysical Journal
241(1980):132.

29)LaViolette,P.A."Evidence that radio pulsars may be artificial beacons of ETI origin,"(abs.)Session 33,195th American Astronomical Society meeting,Atlanta,January 12,2000.See Session 58 at http://www.aas.org/meetings/aas195/program/index.html

30)LaViolette,P.A.Decoding the Message of the Pulsars:Intelligent Communication from the
Galaxy.Rochester,VT:Bear&Co.,2000,2006.See
http://www.etheric.com/LaVioletteBooks/Book-Talk.html.

31)Andov,P."2012 AD:Rumor or reality?"Eprint:http://www.globalhealingmeditation.org/id1.html.

  • 本文由 发表于 2019年12月28日08:45:40
  • 除非特殊声明,本站文章均来自网络,转载请务必保留本文链接