否认还是故意的无知

2019年7月18日13:10:10否认还是故意的无知已关闭评论 396 5458字阅读18分11秒
摘要

精神分析表明,我们都使用一些无意识的策略来保持我们的心智健全。这些策略被称为防御机制。其中之一就是否认或故意无知。虽然这一战略可以带来暂时的和平,但从长远来看会带来许多问题。


(探索你的思想)否认在成瘾或冲突的情况下很常见。虽然这种故意的无知带来短暂的内心平静,但随着时间的推移,它可能变得极具破坏性。

Psychoanalysis suggests that we all use some unconscious strategies to maintain our sanity.These strategies are called defense mechanisms.One of them is denial or willful ignorance.Although this strategy can lead to temporary peace,it can bring about many problems in the long run.

精神分析表明,我们都使用一些无意识的策略来保持我们的心智健全。这些策略被称为防御机制。其中之一就是否认或故意无知。虽然这一战略可以带来暂时的和平,但从长远来看会带来许多问题。

As the name implies,denial is the act of invalidating information that could be unpleasant or that you don't want to recognize.All of this happens unconsciously.Willful ignorance is inappropriate,mostly because it doesn't allow people to develop coping mechanisms.

顾名思义,否认就是否定那些可能令人不快或者你不想承认的信息。所有这些都是无意识的。故意的无知是不恰当的,主要是因为它不允许人们发展应对机制。

"Thus,the subject-matter of a repressed image or thought can make its way into consciousness on condition that it's denied.Negation is a way of taking account of what's repressed."

"因此,一个被压抑的形象或思想的主题可以在被否认的情况下进入意识。否定是一种考虑被压抑事物的方式。"

-Sigmund Freud-

-西格蒙德·弗洛伊德-

Through denial,a person ignores something that bothers them.That something could involve dissatisfaction or conflict with themselves or with others.Thus,people who are addicted tend to deny their problem.We could say that willful ignorance is the same defense mechanism that an ostrich that puts their head in the ground uses.

通过否认,一个人忽略了困扰他们的事情。有些事情可能涉及到对自己或他人的不满或冲突。因此,上瘾的人倾向于否认他们的问题。我们可以说,任性的无知,就像鸵鸟把头埋在地里一样,是一种防御机制。


Manifestations of Denial

否认的表现

Denial manifests itself through thoughts,acts,and words.For example,a person who walks out of a room when they see someone person they don't want to see,like an ex.

否认通过思想、行为和言语表现出来。例如,当一个人看到一个他们不想见的人,比如前任,从房间里走出来。

Another very common situation in which willful ignorance manifests is during an extremely painful situation.When a person you deeply care about dies,you might fantasize that they'll come back to life or that they'll communicate with you from the beyond.In other words,you may believe this person isn't completely gone.

另一种非常普遍的情况是,在一个非常痛苦的情况下,故意的无知表现出来。当一个你深深关心的人去世时,你可能会幻想他们会复活,或者他们会从另一个世界与你交流。换句话说,你可能相信这个人并没有完全消失。

Something similar happens with fatal illnesses.Sometimes,the sick person may believe they've been misdiagnosed.For example,they may insist that the test results are wrong or believe there's a cure for an incurable illness.

致命疾病也会发生类似的情况。有时候,病人可能会认为自己被误诊了。例如,他们可能坚持认为测试结果是错误的,或者相信有治愈不治之症的方法。

Denial through words manifests itself in the grammatical form of double negatives.When something is denied twice,it's actually asserting itself.For example,someone asks another person if they took money that wasn't theirs.So they reply,"No,not at all.I wasn't the one who took the money".The first part of the phrase negates the second.

否认通过词汇表现在双重否定的语法形式上。当一件事被拒绝了两次,它实际上是在主张自己。例如,有人问另一个人是否拿了不属于他们的钱。于是他们回答说:"不,一点也不。我不是那个拿钱的人"。这句话的第一部分否定了第二部分。

Willful Ignorance

任性的无知

Nobody tries to ignore reality just for the sake of it.This defense mechanism sets in motion because recognizing a certain reality implies changes.It questions the very foundations of who you are,the image you have of yourself,or even your place in society.

没有人会为了现实而忽视现实。这种防御机制启动了,因为认识到一个特定的现实意味着改变。它质疑你是谁的根本基础,你对自己的形象,甚至你在社会中的地位。

Willful ignorance protects you from that deep instability that comes from admitting a specific truth.In particular,we can observe this in taboo subjects,such as child abuse.Many times,a family refuses to believe a child who speaks up about being sexually abused by an uncle,cousin,etc.Namely,because acknowledging it would imply great family ruptures and eventual legal action.

任性的无知可以保护你不受来自承认一个特定真理的深层不稳定性的伤害。特别是,我们可以在诸如虐待儿童这样的禁忌话题中观察到这一点。很多时候,一个家庭拒绝相信一个孩子说出自己被叔叔、表亲等性虐待的事实。换句话说,因为承认这一点意味着巨大的家庭破裂和最终的法律行动。

Willful ignorance helps make reality more tolerable so your life doesn't fall apart.However,denial is never fully successful;it covers up but doesn't eliminate.

任性的无知让现实变得可以忍受,这样你的生活才不会分崩离析。然而,否认永远不会完全成功,它只是掩盖,而不是消除。

The Effects of Denial

否认的影响

The main problem with denial is that it doesn't allow people to carry out the necessary changes when faced with problematic realities.In other words,your problems will still exist,whether you see them or not.Often,that unwillingness to fix them will only make them worse.Soon,they'll become more unfixable.

否认的主要问题在于,它不允许人们在面对有问题的现实时进行必要的改变。换句话说,你的问题仍然存在,无论你是否看到它们。通常情况下,不愿意解决问题只会让问题变得更糟。很快,它们就会变得更加无法修复。

Denial never achieves its goal.Because,sooner or later,reality imposes itself over your desires.Sometimes,that reality is serious enough to wreak havoc in the life of one or more people.In extreme cases,it can even become the starting point of a severe mental disorder.

否认永远不会达到它的目的。因为,迟早,现实会强加于你的欲望之上。有时,这种现实严重到足以对一个或多个人的生活造成严重破坏。在极端情况下,它甚至可能成为严重精神障碍的起点。

Accepting a bitter or painful reality is never easy.It's normal for you to need some time to be able to accept things.Furthermore,oftentimes you'll need to overcome some resistance as well.You'll also need to rely on your own abilities to do so.If you manage to accept the things in front of you,you'll discover that difficult situations are opportunities to grow.

接受一个痛苦的现实从来都不容易。你需要一些时间来接受一些事情,这很正常。此外,通常你还需要克服一些阻力。你还需要依靠自己的能力来做到这一点。如果你设法接受眼前的事情,你会发现困难的处境是成长的机会。

寂静风暴:为什么我们要发布这个?

Psychology is the study of the nature of mind.Philosophy is the use of that mind in life.Both are critically important to gain an understanding of as they are aspects of the self.All you do and experience will pass through these gateways of being.The preceding information provides an overview of this self-knowledge,offering points to consider that people often don't take the time to contemplate.With the choice to gain self-awareness,one can begin to see how their being works.With the wisdom of self-awareness,one has the tools to master their being and life in general,bringing order to chaos through navigating the challenges with the capacity for right action.

心理学是研究心灵本质的学科。哲学就是心灵在生活中的运用。两者对于理解自我都是至关重要的,因为它们都是自我的一部分。你所做的一切和所经历的一切都将通过这些存在之门。前面的信息提供了这种自我认识的概述,提供了一些人们通常不会花时间去思考的观点。有了获得自我意识的选择,一个人就可以开始看到他们的存在是如何运作的。有了自我意识的智慧,一个人就拥有了掌握自身存在和生活的工具,通过正确行动的能力来引导挑战,从而使混乱恢复秩序。

来源:https://stillnessinthestorm.com/2019/06/denial-or-willful-ignorance/

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