萨尔瓦多派斯静电发生器

2019年8月25日08:46:05萨尔瓦多派斯静电发生器已关闭评论 1.3K 33242字阅读110分48秒
摘要

这是一项有趣的技术,可以提供比传统发电机更大的功率输出。它没有出现在雷达上是有原因的,所以这项发明也被禁止了,应该与尽可能多的人分享,因为它在低成本能源方面非常有用

萨尔瓦多·帕伊斯

Electrostatic Generator

静电发电机

[OpDis Editor Note:An interesting technology for stunning amounts of power output much greater then conventional power generators.It hasn't shown up on the radar for a reason so this invention is also being suppressed and should be shared with as many people as possible because it can be very useful in terms of low cost energy.]

编者按:这是一项有趣的技术,可以提供比传统发电机更大的功率输出。它没有出现在雷达上是有原因的,所以这项发明也被禁止了,应该与尽可能多的人分享,因为它在低成本能源方面非常有用

https://gizadeathstar.com/2019/05/of-asteroids-and-electrostatic-generators/May 3,2019

201953

OF ASTEROIDS AND ELECTROSTATIC GENERATORS

小行星和静电发生器

Joseph Farrell

约瑟夫·法雷尔

I'm always amazed at the ability of the"Gizars"to spot intriguing information,especially if it concerns technologies that don't normally"show up on the radar"of the lamestream corporate controlled media,nor,for that matter,on the radar of the alternative research field.But L.G.R.spotted this one,and passed it along.

我总是对"小发明"(Gizars)发现有趣信息的能力感到惊讶,尤其是如果它涉及的技术通常不会出现在令人沮丧的企业控制媒体的"雷达"上,就此而言,也不会出现在另类研究领域的雷达上。但是l.g.r.发现了这个,并把它传给了别人。

And it's a doozie...

这真是个奇迹..

Oh,did we mention,it's capable of a little solar manipulation as well?:

哦,我们有没有提到,它也能操纵太阳?:

...as well as counteracting the effects of solar-induced Coronal Mass Ejections...(Paragraph 0012)

...以及抵消太阳引起的日冕物质抛射的影响...(0012)

Presumably it will do all this by generating electromagnetic fields,which,to accomplish all these feats,would have to be extraordinarily strong,but not to worry,because the"the design of energy generation machinery with power output levels much higher than those currently achievable by conventional means,is made possible with this invention."(Paragraph(0012)

据推测,它将通过产生电磁场来完成这一切,要完成所有这些壮举,电磁场必须非常强大,但不必担心,因为"能源发电机的设计输出功率水平远高于目前通过传统手段可以实现的水平,这项发明使之成为可能。"((0012)

At this point,the patent goes on to outline how it's going to do all of this,and lo and behold,it does so by spinning a plasma,utilizing shells in a sphere of peizoelectric ceramics doped with radioactive materials.Of course,I'm over-simplifying,but the end result of all of this is that this creates the Mossbauer Effect of vibrationally stimulated and cohered releases of gamma rays.All of this,according to paragraph 30,will generate field strengths per square meter of(get this)10,ooo,ooo,ooo,ooo,ooo,ooo,ooo,ooo to 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 watts.That's ten septillion to one hundred octillion watts.

在这一点上,这项专利继续概述了它将如何做到这一切,你瞧,它是通过旋转等离子体来做到这一点的,利用一个球形的掺有放射性物质的聚氧化硅电陶瓷的外壳。当然,我过于简单化了,但所有这一切的最终结果是,这创造了伽马射线释放的振动刺激和凝聚的穆斯堡尔效应。所有这些,根据第30段,将产生每平方米的场强度(得到这个)10,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000瓦。也就是十的七次方对一百的八次方瓦。

Per square meter.

每平方米。

I dunno about you,but this seems to me to be quite a lot of deflection.Maybe even enough to"grab and throw";it's a handy thing to have around to"snag"an asteroid,mine it,and then throw it away.And you could make it do double duty:when you're done mining it,you could throw it at someone you don't like...

我不知道你是怎么想的,但是在我看来这有点偏离主题了。也许甚至足够"抓住并扔掉";这是一个方便的东西有"勾住"一个小行星,采矿,然后扔掉它。你可以让它做双重任务:当你开采完它,你可以把它扔给你不喜欢的人..

See you on the flip side...

另一边见..

https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19229721

The same scientist,Salvatore Cezar Pais,also patented what reads suspiciously like an EmDrive:

同样是这位科学家,萨尔瓦托·塞扎·派斯,也为读起来像是EmDrive的东西申请了专利:

https://patents.justia.com/patent/10144532

I'm curious what any physicists here have to say.

我很好奇这里的任何物理学家会说些什么。

I'm guessing that this superconductor concept hasn't actually been reduced to a prototype.Unfortunately,per the USPTO,"[a]n applicant need not have actually reduced the invention to practice prior to filing."

我猜这个超导体的概念实际上还没有被简化为原型。不幸的是,根据美国专利商标局的规定,"一个申请人实际上并不需要在申请之前将这项发明减少到实践中。"

https://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/pac/mpep/s2164.html#d0e215531

A patent can simply describe a so-called prophetic example."A prophetic example describes an embodiment of the invention based on predicted results rather than work actually conducted or results actually achieved."Id...

一项专利可以简单地描述一个所谓的先知的例子。先知示例描述基于预测结果而不是实际进行的工作或实际取得的结果的本发明的实施例身份..

Given that government-created documents are put in the public domain,not limited by copyright,why are government inventions different and restricted by patents?

鉴于政府创造的文件是公共领域的,而不受版权的限制,为什么政府的发明是不同的,并受到专利的限制?

Also,what are fair and usual terms to use a government-owned patent?

另外,使用政府拥有的专利的公平和通常的条件是什么?

I don't know the scope or applicability of this regulation(i.e.what loopholes exist or alternative mechanisms for licensing),but"licensing of government-owned patents...will generally be royalty free,revocable and nonexclusive.They will normally be issued to all applicants and will generally contain no limitations or standards relating to the quality or testing of the products to be manufactured,sold,or distributed thereunder."https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/34/6.3

我不知道这项规定的范围和适用性(也就是说存在什么漏洞或者许可的替代机制),但是"政府拥有的专利的许可......通常是免版税的、可撤销的和非排他性的。它们通常会发给所有申请者,而且一般不会包含任何有关制造、销售或分销产品的质量或测试的限制或标准。"Https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/34/6.3

I don't think the[notorious]Bayh-Dole Act(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bayh%E2%80%93Dole_Act)applies as it seems the inventor is an actual DoD employee(Naval Air Systems Command/NAWCAD,NAS Patuxent River),not a scientist at a private institution receiving government funding.

我不认为[臭名昭著的]Bayh-Dole法案(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/bayh%e2%80%93dole_act)适用,因为它似乎发明者是一个实际的国防部雇员(海军航空系统司令部/nawcadPatuxentRiver国家航空航天局),而不是一个接受政府的私人机构的科学家

US20170025935

Us20170025935

Electromagnetic Field Generator and method to generate an electromagnetic field

电磁场生成器和生成电磁场的方法

[PDF]

Inventor:Salvatore PAIS

发明者:SalvatorePAIS

STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST

政府利益声明

[0001]The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

本文所述发明可由美利坚合众国政府或为其政府目的而制造和使用,无需支付任何有关或有关的特许权使用费。

BACKGROUND

背景

[0002]To date there are more than 100,000 potentially dangerous asteroids(Near Earth Objects)which cross the earth's orbit,with only 11,000 having been cataloged and currently tracked.Earth will be impacted again and again;it is only a matter of time and circumstance.Therefore,there is a need for an effective method to deflect or destroy these potentially dangerous asteroids.

到目前为止,有超过100,000颗潜在危险的小行星(近地天体)穿越地球轨道,只有11,000颗小行星被编目并被跟踪。地球将一次又一次地受到冲击,这只是时间和环境的问题。因此,需要一种有效的方法来偏转或摧毁这些具有潜在危险的小行星。

[0003]Currently,several methods of asteroid deflection have been suggested.They include an electrostatic tractor,which utilizes two continuous voltage sources(20 kV each)placed on both a spacecraft and the asteroid itself(one source to each),and would use the produced electrostatic fields to either slowly attract or repel the asteroid,and a gravity tractor which would park a spacecraft close enough to the asteroid so that the gravitational attraction would in time affect its trajectory.Other methods suggested include possibly utilizing the earth's magnetic field(electrodynamic tethers)with an electrostatic tractor for further deflection capability,or shooting white paint pellets at the asteroid making it pale enough to couple with the solar radiation in a high reflectivity/photonic momentum'push'mode.The kinetic method of deflection has also been suggested.This deflection method would propel a sizeable craft into a tangential trajectory to the asteroid,impacting it with a 10 km/s relative velocity(thus adding to its angular momentum and creating a deflecting spin).Thermonuclear warheads may also be used to destroy the incoming asteroid,which may,however,result in fragmentation and thermonuclear pollution.

[0003]目前,有人提出了几种使小行星偏离轨道的方法。其中包括一台静电牵引器,该牵引器利用放置在航天器和小行星本身上的两个连续电压源(每个电压源20千伏),将利用产生的静电场缓慢地吸引或击退小行星,以及一台重力牵引器,该牵引器将把航天器停放在离小行星足够近的地方,以便重力吸引力及时影响其轨道。建议采用的其他方法包括可能利用地球磁场(电动缆索)和静电牵引器进一步偏转能力,或向小行星发射白色油漆颗粒,使其苍白到以高反射率/光子动量"推动"模式与太阳辐射对接。还提出了挠度的动力学方法。这种偏转方法将推动一个相当大的飞行器进入一个与小行星相切的轨道,以10公里/秒的相对速度撞击小行星(从而增加其角动量并产生偏转旋转)。热核弹头也可能被用来摧毁来袭的小行星,然而,这可能导致碎片化和热核污染。

[0004]The techniques described above would only affect"small"asteroids,on the average diameter levels of approximately 100 meters.Also,these deflection methods would need a great deal of time to affect the desired outcomes(10 to 20 years have been suggested),with the exception of the kinetic method,which has issues in accuracy of targeting and subsequent impact effectiveness.

上述技术只会影响""小行星,其平均直径大约为100米。此外,这些偏转方法需要大量时间才能影响预期的结果(已建议1020),但动力学方法除外,该方法在确定目标的准确性和随后的影响效果方面存在问题。

[0005]There are four known fundamental forces which control matter and therefore control energy,namely strong nuclear force,weak nuclear force,electromagnetic force,and gravitational force.In this hierarchy of forces,the electromagnetic force is perfectly positioned to be able to manipulate the other three.A stationary electric charge gives rise to an electric(electrostatic)field,while a moving charge generates both an electric and a magnetic field(hence the electromagnetic field).Additionally,an accelerating charge induces electromagnetic radiation in the form of transverse waves,namely light.Mathematically,as well as physically,electromagnetic field intensity can be represented as the product of electric field strength and magnetic field strength.Electromagnetic fields act as carriers for both energy and momentum,thus interacting with physical entities at the most fundamental level(in this manner addressing the feasibility of countering the Earth-bound Asteroid Threat).

4种已知的基本力控制物质因而控制能量,即强核力、弱核力、电磁力和引力。在这种力量的层次结构中,电磁力处于完美的位置,能够操纵其他三种力量。静止的电荷产生电场(静电),而移动的电荷产生电场和磁场(因此产生电磁场)。此外,加速电荷以横波的形式感应电磁辐射,即光。从数学上和物理上来说,电磁场强度可以表示为电场强度和磁场强度的乘积。电磁场作为能量和动量的载体,从而在最基本的层面上与物质实体相互作用(以这种方式处理对付地球小行星威胁的可行性)

[0006]Artificially generated high energy electromagnetic fields interact strongly with the Vacuum Energy Field(an aggregate state composed of the superposition of all quantum fields'fluctuations permeating the fabric of Spacetime),thereby giving rise to Emergent Physical Phenomena(in other words revolutionary physics),such as Force and Matter Fields Unification.According to Quantum Field Theory,this strong interaction between the fields is based on the mechanism of transfer of vibrational energy between the fields,further inducing local fluctuations in adjacent quantum fields which permeate Spacetime(these fields may or may not be electromagnetic in nature).

[0006]人工产生的高能电磁场与真空能场(一种由时空结构中所有量子场涨落叠加而成的聚合态)强烈相互作用,从而产生涌现的物理现象(换句话说是革命性的物理现象),例如力场和物质场的统一。根据量子场理论,这种场之间的强相互作用是基于场之间振动能量转移的机制,进一步诱导了渗透时空的相邻量子场中的局部涨落(这些场本质上可能是电磁场,也可能不是)

[0007]Everything that surrounds us,ourselves included,can be described as macroscopic collections of fluctuations,vibrations,and/or oscillations in quantum mechanical fields.Therefore,under certain conditions(such as the coupling of hyper-frequency axial spin with hyper-frequency vibrations of electrically charged systems)the rules and special effects of quantum field behavior also apply to macroscopic physical entities.Along this line of thought,lightning can be explained as a Macroscopic Quantum Phenomenon which arises due to millions of ice particle collisions within storm clouds(thus giving rise to a sizeable electric charge),which generate electromagnetic fields locally interacting with the Vacuum Energy Field.Thus,the physics of lightning can be explained by extremely strong interactions between classical electromagnetic fields(storm clouds exhibiting 100 MV voltages and rapid air currents)and the quantum fields'superposition-induced Vacuum Energy Field.

我们周围的一切,包括我们自己,都可以被描述为量子力学领域的涨落、振动和/或振动的宏观集合。因此,在一定条件下(如带电系统的高频轴向自旋与高频振动的耦合),量子场行为的规律和特殊效应也适用于宏观物理实体。根据这一思路,闪电可以解释为一种宏观量子现象,它是由风暴云中数以百万计的冰粒子碰撞(从而产生相当大的电荷)而产生的,这些冰粒子碰撞产生的电磁场与真空能量场在本地相互作用。因此,闪电的物理机制可以用经典电磁场(风暴云表现出100mv电压和快速气流)与量子场叠加产生的真空能量场之间极强的相互作用来解释。

[0008]Moreover,simultaneous coupling of hyper-frequency gyrational(axial rotation)and hyper-frequency vibrational electrodynamics(as used in the inventive concept herein disclosed)is conducive to a possible physical breakthrough(Force and Matter Fields Unification is feasible with the concept at hand)in the utilization of the Quantum Vacuum Plasma(part of the Vacuum Energy Field)as an energy source(or sink),an induced physical phenomenon,for which the technology readiness level has been considerably advanced by a team of research engineers from NASA JSC.Their research involves the use of high Radio frequency/Microwave driven resonant cavity Q-thruster technology within the context of Quantum Vacuum Plasma physics.

此外,同时耦合超频回转(轴向旋转)和超频振动电动力学(在本发明的概念中使用)有助于在利用量子真空等离子体(真空能量场的一部分)作为能源(或汇)方面实现可能的物理突破(力场和物质场的统一在手头的概念中是可行的),这是一种诱发的物理现象,美国航空航天局JSC的研究工程师团队对此已经提出了相当大的技术就绪指数。他们的研究涉及到在量子真空等离子体物理的背景下使用高射频/微波驱动谐振腔q推力器技术。

SUMMARY

摘要

[0009]The present invention is directed to an electromagnetic field generator and a method to generate an electromagnetic field with the needs enumerated above and below.

本发明涉及一种电磁场生成器和一种生成具有以上和以下列举需求的电磁场的方法。

[0010]The present invention is directed to an electromagnetic field generator which includes a shell,an electrostatic generator,a power plant,a thermoelectric generator,and an electric motor.The shell has embedded polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramic material,which is polarized such that the ceramic material exhibits strong Piezoelectric Effect properties thus inducing high frequency vibrations.The electrostatic generator is for charging up the shell and is disposed within the shell.The power plant is to generate thermal power,and is disposed within the shell.The thermoelectric generator is to convert the thermal power generated by the power plant to electrical energy.The electric motor is powered by the electrical energy generated by the thermoelectric generator,and supplies input voltage such that the shell spins at high angular speeds,vibrates at high frequencies,and generates an electromagnetic field.

本发明涉及一种电磁场发电机,其包括外壳、静电发电机、发电机、热传导发电机和电动机。壳体内嵌有多晶铁电陶瓷材料,极化后陶瓷材料表现出强烈的压电效应,从而诱发高频振动。静电发电机是用来给外壳充电的,被安置在外壳内部。发电厂是为了产生热能,并设置在壳体内。热传导发电机电力公司将把发电厂产生的热能转化为电能。电动马达由热传导发电机发电机产生的电能提供动力,并提供输入电压,使壳以高角速度旋转,高频率振动,并产生电磁场。

[0011]It is a feature of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for deflecting or destroying a large asteroid and preventing a possible collision with earth.The present invention may also deflect or destroy any other type of object.

本发明的一个特点是提供一种方法和装置,用于偏转或摧毁大型小行星并防止可能与地球碰撞。本发明还可以使任何其他类型的物体偏转或破坏。

[0012]It is a feature of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for generating an impenetrable defensive shield to Sea and Land as well as Space-based military and civilian assets,protecting these assets from such threats as Anti-Ship Ballistic Missiles,Radar Evading Cruise Missiles,Top Attack for Main Battle Tanks(land and sea based systems),as well as counteracting the effects of solar-induced Coronal Mass Ejections or defending critical military satellites in an ASAT role(space based system).Furthermore,the design of energy generation machinery with power output levels much higher than those currently achievable by conventional means,is made possible with this invention.

本发明的一个特点是提供一种方法和设备,用于为海洋和陆地以及天基军事和民用资产生成一个不可穿透的防御盾牌,保护这些资产免受反舰弹道导弹、雷达规避巡航导弹、主战坦克顶部攻击(陆基和海基系统)等威胁,并抵消太阳引起的日冕物质抛射的影响或在反卫星系统(天基系统)中保护关键军事卫星。此外,通过本发明,可以设计出功率输出水平远高于目前通过常规方法可以实现的发电机械。

DRAWINGS

图则

[0013]These and other features,aspects and advantages of the present invention will become better understood with reference to the following description and appended claims,and accompanying drawings wherein

[0013]本发明的这些和其他特点、方面和优点将通过参考以下描述和附加权利要求以及其中的附图而得到更好的理解

[0014]FIG.1 is a cross-sectional side view of an electromagnetic field generator utilizing a spherical shell;

1是利用球壳的电磁场发生器的横截面侧面图;

[0015]FIG.2 is a cross-sectional bottom view of an electromagnetic field generator utilizing a spherical shell;

2是利用球壳的电磁场发生器的横截面底视图;

[0016]FIG.3 is a cross-sectional side view of an electromagnetic field generator utilizing a hemispherical shell;and,

3是利用半球形壳体的电磁场发生器的横截面侧面图;

[0017]FIG.4 is a cross-sectional side view of an electromagnetic field generator utilizing a disc shell.

4是利用圆盘壳体的电磁场发生器的横截面侧面图。


DESCRIPTION

描述

[0018]The preferred embodiments of the present invention are illustrated by way of example below and in FIGS.1-4.The high energy electromagnetic field generator 10 includes a shell 100,an electrostatic generator 200,a nuclear pebble bed reactor 300(a power plant),a thermoelectric generator 400,and an electric motor 500.The shell 100 has embedded polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramic material which is polarized such that the ceramic material exhibits strong Piezoelectric Effect properties thus inducing high frequency vibrations.It is important to decouple the shell's Piezoelectric vibrational frequency from any natural resonant frequency of the system's structural framework,which may cause diminution of structural integrity and possibly lead to destruction of the system.The electrostatic generator 200 is for charging up the shell 100 and is disposed within the shell 100.The nuclear fission pebble bed reactor 300 is to generate thermal power,and is disposed within the shell 100.The thermoelectric generator 400 is to convert the thermal power generated by the nuclear fission pebble bed reactor 300 to electrical energy.The electric motor 500 is powered by the electrical energy generated by the thermoelectric generator 400,and supplies input voltage such that the shell 100 spins at high angular speeds,vibrates at high frequencies,and generates an electromagnetic field.

本发明的优选实施例如下例和图1-4所示。高能电磁场发电机10包括外壳100、静电发电机200、核球床反应堆300(发电厂)、热传导发电机400和电动马达500。壳体100内嵌有极化的多晶铁电陶瓷材料,使陶瓷材料表现出强烈的压电效应,从而诱发高频振动。将壳体的压电振动频率与系统结构框架的固有共振频率解耦是非常重要的,这可能导致结构完整性的降低,并可能导致系统的破坏。静电发电机200是用来给外壳100充电的,它被放置在外壳100内部。核裂变球床反应堆300是用来产生热能的,它被安置在壳层100内。热传导发电机400是将核裂变球床反应堆300产生的热能转化为电能。电动马达500由热传导发电机400产生的电能提供动力,并提供输入电压使外壳100以高角速度旋转,以高频率振动,并产生电磁场。

[0019]In the description of the present invention,the invention will be discussed in a space,sea,or terrestrial environment;however,this invention can be utilized for any type of application that requires use of electromagnetic field generator.

在本发明的描述中,本发明将在空间、海洋或陆地环境中进行讨论;然而,本发明可用于需要使用电磁场发生器的任何类型的应用。

[0020]The shell 100 may be spherical,hemispherical,or a disc.The spherical shell 100,shown in FIGS.1 and 2,may be used when utilizing the apparatus in space(space based system).The hemispherical shell 105,shown in FIG.3,may be utilized at sea(sea based system),while the disc shell 110,shown in FIG.4,may be utilized on land(terrestrial system).As shown in FIGS.1 and 2,in the space based system,the nuclear pebble bed reactor 300,the thermoelectric generator 400,and the electric motor 500 have an annular configuration.

壳体100可以是球形的、半球形的或圆盘形的。图1和图2所示的球壳100可用于在空间(基于空间的系统)中使用该装置。图3所示的半球形壳体105可用于海上(海基系统),而图4所示的圆盘壳体110可用于陆地(陆地系统)。如图1和图2所示,在太空系统中,核球床反应堆300、热传导发电机400和电动马达500具有环形结构。

[0021]Extremely high electromagnetic field intensity(rate of energy flow per unit area)values of 10<24>Watts/m<2>(and higher)can be generated with the inventive concept at hand.Furthermore,using a specially engineered geometrical configuration(a sharp end protrusion 125 out of the shell)in conjunction with the terrestrial(land)or sea based systems,by coupling the Piezoelectric Effect with the Mossbauer Effect(the recoilless emission of gamma rays due to high frequency oscillations/vibrations of the shell),it is possible to generate a Cyclonic Plasma shield,which would greatly amplify the produced electromagnetic field intensity(hence the shielding effects).

使用本发明的概念,可以产生极高的电磁场强度(单位面积的能量流率)值,即1024/平方米(或更高)。此外,通过将压电效应与穆斯堡尔效应(由于壳体的高频振荡/振动而产生的伽马射线的无反冲辐射)结合起来,利用一种特殊设计的几何结构(壳体的尖端突出物125)与地面(陆地)或海洋系统结合起来,就有可能产生一种旋风等离子体屏蔽,这将大大增强产生的电磁场强度(因此产生屏蔽效应)

[0022]The shell 100,105,110 may further include embedded radioactive elements,such that high frequency vibrations generate high energy gamma rays.The shell 100,105,110 may be fabricated from epoxy-ceramic composite embedded within an aluminum matrix.Embedded within the shell 100,105,110 are crystal modules that are made from polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramic material.In the preferred embodiment,the ceramic material is lead zirconate titanate(PZT)which has been polarized.In operation,voltage from the electric motor 500 is applied to the PZT crystal modules,which generates mechanical vibrations of the shell,further inducing an output voltage at the natural resonant frequency of the crystal modules.For optimal results,the inside of the shell is pressurized to about 20 bar with dry and purified sulfur hexafluoride or mixtures of nitrogen and carbon dioxide.

壳层100,105,110还可能包括嵌入的放射性元素,这样高频振动就能产生高能量的伽马射线。外壳100105110可以由嵌入在铝基体内的环氧陶瓷复合材料制成。嵌入在外壳100105110中的是由多晶铁电陶瓷材料制成的晶体模块。在优选的实施例中,陶瓷材料是已极化的锆钛酸铅(PZT)。在工作过程中,电动机500的电压被施加到PZT晶体模块上,产生外壳的机械振动,进一步诱导在晶体模块固有谐振频率的输出电压。为了达到最佳效果,壳体内部加压至约20巴,使用干燥和纯化的六氟化硫或氮气和二氧化碳的混合物。

[0023]As shown in FIG.1,in the spherical shell embodiment or space based configuration of the invention,all the elements of the electromagnetic field generator 10 may be housed or disposed within the shell 100.As a result,the elements of the electromagnetic field generator 10 with a spherical shell 100 do not exhibit or are affected by the electrostatic field which is built up on the shell surface due to the high voltage electrical charging.Therefore,the entire electromagnetic energy flux density is directed outward of the shell 100,for maximum EM linear momentum density-driven deflection of an object,such as,but without limitation,an earth bound asteroid or any type of incoming object or projectile.

如图1所示,在本发明的球壳实施例或基于空间的配置中,电磁场发生器10的所有元件都可以被封装或设置在壳体100内。因此,带有球壳100的电磁场发电机10的元件不会表现出或受到由于高压充电而在外壳表面形成的静电场的影响。因此,整个电磁能流密度指向外壳100的最大电磁线性动量密度驱动偏转的一个物体,例如,但不限制,地球上的小行星或任何类型的入射物体或投射物。

[0024]As shown in FIGS.1 and 2,the spherical shell embodiment may also include a support structure 101 to mount all the elements within the spherical sphere 100.The support structure 101 may be coupled using low friction bearings 102 so that the support structure 101 along with all the elements within the spherical sphere 100 can rotate within the spherical sphere 100.The electric motor 500 imparts mechanical power via its drive shaft to a cruciform strut framework 103,which is directly attached to the inside of the spherical shell 100.Since the spherical shell 100 exhibits a high electrical charge,in the preferred embodiment,the strut framework 103 is made out of non-electrically conducting material which possesses high yield strength,such as a tightly packed network of grapheme and carbon nanotubes or carbon reinforced graphite epoxy composite.However,any type of material that is practicable can be utilized.Additive manufacturing techniques may be used for fabricating this structure.

如图12所示,球壳体实施例还可以包括支撑结构101,用于安装球体100内的所有元件。支撑结构101可以使用低摩擦轴承102耦合,以便支撑结构101连同球面球体100内的所有元件可以在球面球体100内旋转。电动机500通过其传动轴将机械动力传递给十字形支柱框架103,该支柱框架直接连接到球壳100的内部。由于球壳100具有高电荷,在优选实施方案中,支柱框架103由具有高屈服强度的非导电材料制成,如石墨、碳纳米管紧密排列的网络或碳增强石墨环氧复合材料。然而,任何可行的材料都可以被利用。三维打印技术可用于制造这种结构。

[0025]In another embodiment of the invention,the ceramic-aluminum composite material of the spherical shell 100 may be doped with radioactive elements,such as,but without limitation,Cobalt-57,Iron-57,or any other radioactive metal element that is practicable.High frequency vibrations of the shell will consequently induce the Mossbauer Effect,namely the recoilless emission of gamma rays.This embodiment may also be used with the hemispherical shell 105 and the disc shell 110.

在本发明的另一个实施例中,球壳100的陶瓷-铝复合材料可以掺入放射性元素,例如,但不限于钴-57、铁-57或任何其他实际可行的放射性金属元素。壳层的高频振动将导致穆斯堡尔效应,即伽马射线的无反冲发射。本实施例还可与半球壳体105和圆盘壳体110一起使用。

[0026]The spherical shell embodiment or space based configuration of the invention may also include an auxiliary propulsion unit(not shown)for guiding the apparatus to the region of perceived threat.The auxiliary propulsion unit may be chemical,nuclear based,or any type of propulsion unit practicable.The auxiliary propulsion unit may be housed or enclosed in a Faraday-type cage.Since there is no counter-torque mechanism provided for the spinning shell,the apparatus will experience a curvilinear translation(displacement due to conservation of angular momentum)similar to a spinning top.The auxiliary propulsion unit can take advantage of this motion in executing maneuvers.In another embodiment(not shown),it is also possible to eliminate the system's displacement from a fixed point in space,by having the spherical shell 100 be two counter-rotating hemispherical shells.

本发明的球壳实施例或基于空间的配置还可包括辅助推进装置(未显示),用于将装置引导到感知威胁的区域。辅助推进装置可以是化学推进装置、核推进装置或任何可行的推进装置。辅助推进装置可以安装在法拉第型笼子内或封闭在笼子内。由于没有为旋转的壳体提供反扭矩机制,该设备将经历类似于旋转陀螺的曲线移动(由于角动量守恒定律而产生的位移)。辅助推进装置在执行机动时可以利用这种运动。在另一个实施例(未显示)中,还可以通过使球壳100为两个反向旋转的半球壳来消除系统从空间中固定点的位移。

[0027]As shown in FIGS.3 and 4,in the preferred embodiments as described earlier,both the hemispherical shell 105 and the disc shell 110 may have a sharp point protrusion or spike 125 extending from the shell 105,110.In operation,in the immediate area of the protrusion or spike 125,the air is subjected to a great deal of electrostatic stress,which then ionizes the air.The electromagnetic fields that are generated by the apparatus 10 then accelerate the ionized air,thus inducing corona(electric,ionic)winds,which are further augmented by the entrainment of neutral air around the ionized region.The ionized air and neutral air are mixed,and the mixed air starts to rotate resulting in a cyclonic plasma,which creates an additional shield for the shell 105,110.For the land and sea based systems the nuclear power plant may be replaced with a gas turbine engine.However,in all the embodiments of the current invention,any type of power plant practicable can be utilized.

如图34所示,在前面所述的优选实施例中,半球形壳体105和圆盘壳体110都可能具有从壳体105110延伸出来的尖点突起或尖刺125。在操作中,在突出物或尖状物125的直接区域,空气受到很大的静电应力,然后电离空气。该装置产生的电磁场然后加速离子化的空气,从而引起电晕(带电的、离子的)风,中性空气被卷入离子化的区域进一步加强。电离空气和中性空气混合,混合空气开始旋转,产生气旋等离子体,为壳体105,110创造了一个额外的屏蔽。对于陆基和海基系统,可以用燃气涡轮发动机取代核电站。然而,在本发明的所有实施例中,可以利用任何可行的发电厂类型。

[0028]The preferred electrostatic generator(s)200 is a Pelletron type,and may be a modified Van de Graaff generator.In a Pelletron generator,the charging belt is replaced with a chain made of metal pellets or plates connected by insulating links,whereby the metal plates are charged using the effect of influence in an electrical field.

首选的静电发电机200Pelletron型的,可能是一种改良的范德格拉夫起电机。在Pelletron发电机中,充电带被一条由金属颗粒或金属片组成的链条所取代,这些金属片由绝缘链条连接而成,金属片利用电场中的影响效应进行充电。

[0029]Quantum Vacuum Plasma(QVP)is the electric glue of our plasma Universe.The Casimir Effect,the Lamb Shift,and Spontaneous Emission,are specific confirmations of the existence of QVP.It is important to note that in region(s)where the apparatus-generated electromagnetic fields are strongest,the interactions with the QVP are more potent,therefore,the higher the induced energy density of the QVP particles which spring into existence(the Dirac Sea of electrons and positrons).These QVP particles form an additional defensive layer around the system,thus augmenting the shielding effects(even though they are short-lived,these"virtual"particles have a real effect).In operation,the high energy electromagnetic fields,created by the system,interact strongly with the Vacuum Energy Field(the aggregate state of all quantum fields'fluctuations superposition),and locally disrupt Spacetime.Contributions to the Vacuum Energy Density are made by the Quantum Vacuum-Zero Point Fluctuations,the Quantum Chromo-Dynamics gluon and quark condensates,and the newly discovered Higgs Field(exhibiting massive 126 GeV particles),among other yet undiscovered fields(arising from Super-Symmetry).

量子真空等离子体(QVP)是我们等离子体宇宙的电粘合剂。卡西米尔效应、兰姆移位和自发发射效应是QVP存在的特定证明。值得注意的是,在器件产生的电磁场最强的区域,与QVP的相互作用更强烈,因此,产生的QVP粒子(电子和正电子DiracSea)的感应能量密度越高。这些QVP粒子在系统周围形成了一个额外的防御层,从而增强了屏蔽效果(即使它们是短暂的,这些""粒子有一个真正的效果)。在操作中,系统产生的高能电磁场与真空能量场(所有量子场涨落叠加的聚合态)强烈相互作用,局部扰乱时空。真空能量密度的贡献来自量子真空零点涨落、量子色动力学胶子和夸克凝聚,以及新发现的希格斯场(显示大量的126gev粒子),还有其他尚未发现的场(产生于超对称性)

[0030]The primary physical equation which describes the maximum intensity achieved by the system is described by the magnitude of the Poynting vector,and in relativistic form(derived using relativistic electrodynamics/electromagnetic field theory)can be written as

[0030]用坡印廷矢量的大小来描述系统达到的最大强度的基本物理方程,并以相对论形式(用相对论电动力学/电磁场理论导出)写成

Smax=fG?<2>(s<2>/e0)[Rr?+Rvv+vR](Equation 1)

SmaxfG2(s2/e0)[Rr+Rvv+vR](等式1)

where fG is the geometric shape factor(equal to 2/3 for spherical shell,1/6 for hemispherical shell and 1 for disc),?is the relativistic'stretch'factor'gamma,'s is the surface charge density,(total charge divided by surface area),e0 is the electrical permittivity of free space,Rr is the radius of rotation,?is the angular frequency of rotation in rads/s,Rv is the vibration(harmonic oscillation)amplitude,v is the angular frequency of vibration in Hertz,and the term vR is the curvilinear translation speed(acquired via a propulsive unit attached to the system,or by the system itself if not equipped with a counter-torque mechanism,similar to the curvilinear motion of a spinning top).Therefore,for example,and without limitation,if we consider only rotation,given a spherical shell configuration,with s=50,000 Coulombs/m<2>,a spherical shell(spinning/axially rotating)radius of 2 m and an angular speed of 30,000 RPM,we can generate an electromagnetic(EM)field intensity(Smax=rate of energy flow per unit area)value of 10<24>Watts/m<2>(this value does not account for any QVP interactions which would amplify it).Furthermore,if we simultaneously couple the high frequency of rotation with high vibration(abrupt pulsations/harmonic oscillations)frequencies in the range of 10<9>to 10<18>Hertz(and above)we can obtain Smax intensity values in the range 10<24>to 10<28>Watts/m<2>(and beyond).These extremely high electromagnetic field intensity values emphasize the novelty of this concept,especially suited for deflection of Earth-bound asteroids.

其中fG是几何形状因子(球壳为2/3,半球壳为1/6,圆盘为1),?是相对论性的拉伸因子γs是表面电荷密度,(总电荷除以表面积)e0是电子真空电容率,Rr是旋转半径,?是每秒旋转的角频率,Rv是振动(谐波振荡)的振幅,v是赫兹的振动角频率,vR一词是曲线平移速度(通过系统附加的推进装置获得,或者如果系统本身没有配备反扭矩机制,类似于旋转陀螺的曲线运动)。因此,举例来说,如果我们只考虑旋转,给定一个球壳结构,s50,000库仑/m2,一个球壳(旋转/轴向旋转)半径为2米,角速度为30,000转,我们可以产生一个电磁场强度(电磁场强度)(单位面积上的最大能流率)值为1024/m2(这个值不包括任何可以放大它的QVP相互作用)。此外,如果我们同时耦合高频率的旋转与高振动(突变脉动/谐波振荡)频率在1091018赫兹(及以上),我们可以获得最大Smax值在10241028/m2(及以上)。这些极高的电磁场强度值强调了这一概念的新颖性,特别适合于偏转飞向地球的小行星。

[0031]For the case of an accelerating angular frequency of vibration(amax=Rvv<2>),neglecting rotation and curvilinear translation,Equation 1 becomes(note the intrinsic significance of angular vibration acceleration):

对于加速角频率的情况(amaxRvv2),忽略旋转和曲线平移,方程1变成(注意角振动加速度的内在意义):

Smax=fG?<2>(s<2>/e0)[(Rvv<2>)top](Equation 2)

SmaxfG2(s2/e0)[(rvv2)top](方程式2)

where top is the operational time for which the charged electrical system is accelerating.Strong local interaction with the high energetics of the Quantum Vacuum fields'fluctuations superposition(macroscopic Vacuum Energy state)is possible in a laboratory environment,by application of high frequency gyration and/or high frequency vibration of minimally charged objects(of unit order),in an acceleration mode.In this manner,a high degree of Vacuum Energy polarization can be achieved.

顶部是充电电气系统加速运行的时间。在实验室环境中,利用微带电粒子(单位阶)的高频旋转和/或高频振动,在加速模式下,与量子真空场涨落叠加(宏观真空能态)的高能量相互作用是可能的。通过这种方式,可以获得高度的真空能量极化。

[0032]Force and Matter Fields Unification is feasible with the invention at hand,due to the extremely strong interactions(electromagnetic in nature)between ordinary matter and the Quantum Vacuum Plasma/Vacuum Energy Field(interactions which exhibit extremely high energies on Planck length scales in the immediate proximity of the shell surface).These interactions are induced by the simultaneous coupling of hyper-frequency of axial rotation(spin)and hyper-frequency of vibration(harmonic oscillations/pulsations)of electrically charged systems.

[0032]力场和物质场由于普通物质和量子真空等离子体/真空能量场之间极强的相互作用(自然界中的电磁作用)(相互作用在壳层表面附近的普朗克长度尺度上显示出极高的能量),因此这项发明是可行的。这些相互作用是由带电系统的轴向旋转(自旋)和振动(简谐振荡/脉动)的高频同时耦合引起的。

[0033]Up to this point in time,the method of choice to protect Earth from an impact or air-burst meteor event is a kinetic impactor.In the case of Apophis(a potentially dangerous known asteroid),consider its mass(MA)on the order of 10<10>kg,while the mass of the envisioned spacecraft(MKI)which acts as kinetic impactor is on the order of 10<3>kg.From conservation of linear momentum we can write:

[0033]到目前为止,保护地球免受撞击或空中爆炸流星事件影响的选择方法是动力学撞击。就阿波菲斯(一颗已知具有潜在危险的小行星)而言,考虑其质量(MA)约为1010公斤,而设想的航天器(MKI)作为动力撞击器的质量约为103公斤。从线性动量守恒可以写出:

(MA+MKI)?v=k(MKI)(uKI)(Equation 3)

(ma+mki)Vk(MKI)(uKI)(等式3)

where?v is the deflection speed of the asteroid once the impactor spacecraft collides with it,while uKI is the relative speed of the kinetic impactor with respect to the asteroid;and k is the impact coefficient(which is taken as 1,namely 100%impact effectiveness is considered).Using the nominal value for uKI of 10 km/s,the deflection speed is calculated as 0.001 m/s.In case of the high energy EM field-generating system,the right hand side of Equation 3 becomes[(Smax/c<2>)VolS],where c is the speed of light in free space,therefore,using an Smax value of 10<24>W/m<2>(readily achievable,as previously shown)and a system volume(VolS)of 10<3>m<3>,the deflection speed becomes 1 m/s,a three orders of magnitude improvement.

在哪里?V是撞击器航天器撞击小行星时的偏转速度,uKI是动力学撞击器相对于小行星的相对速度,k是撞击系数(假定为1,即考虑了100%的撞击效率)。使用10公里/秒的标称值,偏转速度计算为0.001m/s。对于高能电磁场产生系统,方程式3的右边成为[(Smax/c2)VolS],其中c是自由空间中的光速,因此,使用1024w/m2Smax(如前面所示,容易实现)103m3的系统体积,偏转速度成为1m/s,提高了3个数量级。

[0034]The method for generating a ultrahigh intensity electromagnetic field includes charging a shell with embedded polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramic material such that the material has strong Piezoelectric Effect properties thus inducing high frequency vibrations,generating thermal power,converting the thermal power to electrical energy,and spinning the charged shell via the electrical energy such that an electromagnetic field is generated.

产生超高强度电磁场的方法包括用嵌入的多晶铁电陶瓷材料给壳体充电,这种材料具有强大的压电效应特性,从而诱发高频振动,产生热能,将热能转化为电能,并通过电能旋转带电壳体产生电磁场。

[0035]When introducing elements of the present invention or the preferred embodiment(s)thereof,the articles"a,""an,""the,"and"said"are intended to mean there are one or more of the elements.The terms"comprising,""including,"and"having"are intended to be inclusive and mean that there may be additional elements other than the listed elements.

当引入本发明或其优选实施方式的元素时,"a""an""the""said"的意思是指有一个或多个元素。"包括""包括""拥有"的用语意在具有包容性,意味着除了所列要素之外可能还有其他要素。

[0036]Although the present invention has been described in considerable detail with reference to certain preferred embodiments thereof,other embodiments are possible.Therefore,the spirit and scope of the appended claims should not be limited to the description of the preferred embodiment(s)contained herein.

虽然本发明参照其某些优选实施例相当详细地描述了本发明,但也可以实施其他实施例。因此,所附权利要求的精神和范围不应局限于本文所包含的优选实施例的描述。

US2019058105

2019058105

Piezoelectricity-induced Room Temperature Superconductor

压电感应室温超导体

Inventor:PAIS SALVATORE CEZAR

发明者:PAISSALVATORECEZAR

Applicant:PAIS SALVATORE CEZAR//US NAVY

申请人:PAISSALVATORECEZAR/美国海军

US20180229864

Us20180229864

High Frequency Gravitational Wave Generator

高频引力波发生器

Inventor:PAIS SALVATORE CEZAR

发明者:PAISSALVATORECEZAR

Applicant:PAIS SALVATORE CEZAR//US SECRETARY OF THE NAVY

申请人:PAISSALVATORECEZAR/美国海军部长

A high-frequency gravitational wave generator including a gas-filled shell with an outer shell surface,microwave emitters,sound generators,and acoustic vibration resonant gas-filled cavities.The outer shell surface is electrically charged and vibrated by the microwave emitters to generate a first electromagnetic field.The acoustic vibration resonant gas-filled cavities each have a cavity surface that can be electrically charged and vibrated by acoustic energy from the sound generators such that a second electromagnetic field is generated.The two acoustic vibration resonant gas-filled cavities are able to counter spin relative to each other to provide stability,and propagating gravitational field fluctuations are generated when the second electromagnetic field propagates through the first electromagnetic field.

一种高频引力波发生器,包括具有外壳表面的充气外壳、微波发射器、声波发生器和声波振动共振充气腔。外壳表面带电,微波发射器通过振动产生第一个电磁场。声波振动共振充气腔每个都有一个腔面,可以通过声波发生器产生的声能带电和振动,从而产生第二个电磁场。这两个声振动共振充气腔能够相互反自旋以提供稳定性,并且当第二个引力场电磁场通过第一个电磁场传播时产生了传播的自旋涨落。

US10144532

10144532

Craft Using an Inertial Mass Reduction Device

使用惯性质量减少装置的飞行器

Inventor:PAIS SALVATORE

发明者:PAISSALVATORE

Applicant:PAIS SALVATORE//US NAVY

申请人:PAISSALVATORE/美国海军

A craft using an inertial mass reduction device comprises of an inner resonant cavity wall,an outer resonant cavity,and microwave emitters.The electrically charged outer resonant cavity wall and the electrically insulated inner resonant cavity wall form a resonant cavity.The microwave emitters create high-frequency electromagnetic waves throughout the resonant cavity causing the resonant cavity to vibrate in an accelerated mode and create a local polarized vacuum outside the outer resonant cavity wall.

一种使用惯性质量减少装置的工艺,包括内谐振腔壁、外谐振腔和微波发射器。带电的外谐振腔壁与带电的内谐振腔壁形成谐振腔。微波发射器在整个共振腔内产生高频电磁波,使共振腔以加速模式振动,并在共振腔外壁产生局部极化真空。

US7080504

7080504

Laser augmented turbojet propulsion system

激光增强涡轮喷气推进系统

Inventor:PAIS SALVATORE[US]

发明者:PAISSALVATORE[美国]

Applicant:NORTHROP GRUMMAN CORPORATION

申请人:诺斯洛普·格鲁门

来源:http://www.rexresearch.com/paisgenr/paisgenerator.html

  • 本文由 发表于 2019年8月25日08:46:05
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